{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34176", "sys_id" : "hvd_34176", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "始興郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "始兴郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Shixing Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "479", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "589", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "24.81021", "longitude" : "113.60342", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省韶州市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "479", "end year" : "506", "parent id" : "hvd_30303", "name" : "湘州", "transcribed" : "Xiang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "507", "end year" : "551", "parent id" : "hvd_30273", "name" : "衡州", "transcribed" : "Heng Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "552", "end year" : "572", "parent id" : "hvd_30275", "name" : "东衡州", "transcribed" : "Dongheng Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "573", "end year" : "580", "parent id" : "hvd_30273", "name" : "衡州", "transcribed" : "Heng Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "581", "end year" : "588", "parent id" : "hvd_30276", "name" : "东衡州", "transcribed" : "Dongheng Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "589", "end year" : "589", "parent id" : "hvd_113617", "name" : "隋", "transcribed" : "Sui" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "479", "end_year" : "506", "child id" : "hvd_42231", "name" : "中宿县", "transcribed" : "Zhongsu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "479", "end_year" : "501", "child id" : "hvd_42245", "name" : "仁化县", "transcribed" : "Renhua Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "479", "end_year" : "482", "child id" : "hvd_42591", "name" : "令阶县", "transcribed" : "Lingjie Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "479", "end_year" : "506", "child id" : "hvd_42264", "name" : "含洭县", "transcribed" : "Han Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "479", "end_year" : "545", "child id" : "hvd_42590", "name" : "始兴县", "transcribed" : "Shixing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "508", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_42244", "name" : "平石县", "transcribed" : "Pingshi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "502", "end_year" : "506", "child id" : "hvd_42234", "name" : "廉平县", "transcribed" : "Lianping Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "502", "end_year" : "506", "child id" : "hvd_42235", "name" : "恩洽县", "transcribed" : "Enqia Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "479", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_42238", "name" : "曲江县", "transcribed" : "Qujiang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "479", "end_year" : "506", "child id" : "hvd_42604", "name" : "桂阳县", "transcribed" : "Guiyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "508", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_42242", "name" : "梁化县", "transcribed" : "Lianghua Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "483", "end_year" : "545", "child id" : "hvd_42592", "name" : "正阶县", "transcribed" : "Zhengjie Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "479", "end_year" : "506", "child id" : "hvd_42258", "name" : "浈阳县", "transcribed" : "Zhenyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "502", "end_year" : "506", "child id" : "hvd_42236", "name" : "浮护县", "transcribed" : "Fuhu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "479", "end_year" : "506", "child id" : "hvd_42602", "name" : "阳山县", "transcribed" : "Yangshan Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_34175", "name" : "广兴郡", "transcribed" : "Guangxing Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "始兴郡(479-589年)治所

齐建元元年(479年),以广兴郡更名,并析西境置齐乐郡,境域缩小(1)。领曲江、桂阳、仁化、阳山、令阶 含洭、灵溪、中宿、浈阳、始兴等县。郡治曲江县,治所即今广东省韶州市。辖境相当今广东省韶关,曲江,仁化,乐昌,南雄,乳源,始兴,翁源,英德,佛冈,清远,阳山,连县等市县和新丰县西部、西北部地区,连平县西北部地区(2)。梁天监六年(507年)于中宿县置清远郡、桂阳县置阳山郡,境域缩小。隋开皇十年(590年),改为韶州,废安远郡来属,境域扩大(3)。

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(1),《南齐书》卷15?州郡下?湘州?始兴郡:“曲江、桂阳、仁化、阳山、令阶 含洭、灵溪、中宿、浈阳、始兴”。(北京,中华书局,1971年,1册,288页)。
《南齐书》卷14?广州?齐乐郡,领县六:“希平、观宁、臻安、宋平、绥南、封陵”。(北京,中华书局,1972年,1册,265页)。《隋书》卷31?熙平郡:“平陈,置连州,统县九:桂阳,梁置阳山郡,平陈郡废,大业初置熙平郡。”熙平县:“旧置齐乐郡,平陈,郡废。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,896页)。作齐建元元年,析西境置齐乐郡,设希平县为郡治。
(2),据所领县治故址,并参考宣统元年《广东舆地全图》,辖境相当今广东省韶关,曲江,仁化,乐昌,南雄,乳源,始兴,翁源,英德,佛冈,清远,阳山,连县等市县和新丰县西部、西北部地区,连平县西北部地区。
(3),《元和郡县图志》卷34?韶州:“秦南海郡地,汉分置桂阳郡,今州即桂阳郡之曲江县也。后汉置始兴都尉,今州即都尉所部。吴甘露元年初,立为始兴郡。梁承圣中,萧勃据岭南,于此置东衡州,隋开皇九年平陈,改东衡州为韶州,取州北韶石为名。十一年废入广州,十二年自今南海县移广州理曲江之废韶州城,即今州理是也。仁寿元年,改广州为番州,大业二年又自今始兴故镇移番州理南海县,今广州理是也。三年,以番州为南海郡。隋末陷贼,武德四年平萧铣,重于此置番州。贞观元年改为韶州,复旧名也。”广州?浛洭:“本汉旧县也,属桂阳郡,隋开皇十年于此置洭州,县属焉。二十年废洭州,以县属广州,因县界洭水为名也。”(北京,中华书局,下册,901-903页)。参见注(1)。", "source uri" : "" }