{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34173", "sys_id" : "hvd_34173", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "循州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "循州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Xun Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "590", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "606", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "23.36472", "longitude" : "114.52319", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省惠州市东北芦洲镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "590", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_113617", "name" : "隋", "transcribed" : "Sui" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "590", "end_year" : "590", "child id" : "hvd_42141", "name" : "义安县", "transcribed" : "Yi'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "590", "end_year" : "590", "child id" : "hvd_42153", "name" : "义招县", "transcribed" : "Yizhao Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "598", "end_year" : "606", "child id" : "hvd_42175", "name" : "休吉县", "transcribed" : "Xiuji Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "590", "end_year" : "606", "child id" : "hvd_42579", "name" : "兴宁县", "transcribed" : "Xingning Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "590", "end_year" : "606", "child id" : "hvd_42171", "name" : "博罗县", "transcribed" : "Boluo Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "590", "end_year" : "606", "child id" : "hvd_42164", "name" : "归善县", "transcribed" : "Guishan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "590", "end_year" : "597", "child id" : "hvd_42174", "name" : "新丰县", "transcribed" : "Xinfeng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "590", "end_year" : "606", "child id" : "hvd_42190", "name" : "河源县", "transcribed" : "Heyuan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "590", "end_year" : "606", "child id" : "hvd_42180", "name" : "海丰县", "transcribed" : "Haifeng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "590", "end_year" : "590", "child id" : "hvd_42151", "name" : "海宁县", "transcribed" : "Haining Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "590", "end_year" : "590", "child id" : "hvd_42143", "name" : "潮阳县", "transcribed" : "Chaoyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "590", "end_year" : "590", "child id" : "hvd_40329", "name" : "绥安县", "transcribed" : "Sui'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "590", "end_year" : "595", "child id" : "hvd_42259", "name" : "贞阳县", "transcribed" : "Zhenyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "590", "end_year" : "590", "child id" : "hvd_42184", "name" : "龙川县", "transcribed" : "Longchuan Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_34190", "name" : "梁化郡", "transcribed" : "Lianghua Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "循州(590-606年)治所

隋开皇十年(590年),以梁化郡改置,析始兴郡贞阳县来属,境域扩大(1)。领归善、河源、龙川、新丰、博罗、兴宁、海丰、贞阳等县。州治归善县,治所即今广东省惠州市东北芦洲镇。辖境相当今广东省惠州市,汕尾市,惠阳县,惠东县,海丰县,陆丰县,陆河县,河源县,龙川县,兴宁县,五华县,和平县,紫金县,普宁县,揭西县,惠来县,潮阳县,揭西县,潮州市,汕头市,澄海县,丰顺县,大埔县,梅州市,焦岭县,平远县,梅县,饶平县,宝安县横岗、坪山以北地区,龙门县路溪地区,新丰县新丰江流域,连平县牛领水林场以东南地区,英德县东部地区,佛冈县北部地区,福建省诏安县,云霄县(2)。开皇十一年(591年),于义安县置潮州,境域缩小。大业三年(607年)改为龙川郡(3)。

————————————————————
(1),《隋书》卷31?地理下?龙川郡:“平陈,置循州总管府。大业初府废。统县五。归善,带郡。有归化山、怀安山。河源,开皇十一年省龙川县入,又有新丰县,十八年改曰休吉,大业初省入焉。有龙山、亢山,有修江。博罗。兴宁。海丰,有黑龙山,有涨海。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,881页)。
《元和郡县图志》卷34?岭南道?循州:“隋开皇十年于此置循州,取循江为名也。大业三年改为龙川郡,武德五年复改为循州”。归善县:“郭下。本汉博罗县地也,宋于此置归善县,属鄣郡。梁属梁化郡,隋开皇十年废梁化郡,以县属循州。”校勘记37:“此与《旧唐书》、《寰宇记》并云宋置。然《宋志》及《齐志》俱无此县。《舆地纪胜》惠州归善县引《祥符图经》云:‘本晋欣乐县地,陈祯明三年改为归善。’陈祯明三年,当隋开皇九年,是年平陈置循州,并置此县,则宋置,与此异。”(北京,中华书局,下册,892、908页)。今据此作隋开皇十年置循州时,设归善县为州治。
《元和郡县图志》卷34?韶州?浈阳县:“本汉旧县也,属桂阳郡,在浈水之阳,因名。吴属始兴郡。隋开皇十年改为贞阳,属循州,十九年改属广州。武德元年,复改为浈阳。”(北京,中华书局,下册,901-903页)。《隋志》‘十六年又废浈阳县’入曲江,据《元和志》、《寰宇记》当为连续未废,故《一统志》谓‘开皇十六年省入曲江,寻复置属洭州’,今据此作连续处理。
(2),据所领县治故址,并参考宣统元年《广东舆地全图》,辖境相当今广东省惠州市,汕尾市,惠阳县,惠东县,海丰县,陆丰县,陆河县,河源县,龙川县,兴宁县,五华县,和平县,紫金县,普宁县,揭西县,惠来县,潮阳县,揭西县,潮州市,汕头市,澄海县,丰顺县,大埔县,梅州市,焦岭县,平远县,梅县,饶平县,宝安县横岗、坪山以北地区,龙门县路溪地区,新丰县新丰江流域,连平县牛领水林场以东南地区,英德县东部地区,佛冈县北部地区,福建省诏安县,云霄县。
(3),《隋书》卷31?地理下?龙川郡:“平陈,置循州总管府。大业初府废。统县五。归善,带郡。有归化山、怀安山。河源,开皇十一年省龙川县入,又有新丰县,十八年改曰休吉,大业初省入焉。有龙山、亢山,有修江。博罗。兴宁。海丰,有黑龙山,有涨海。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,881页)。", "source uri" : "" }