{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34171", "sys_id" : "hvd_34171", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "義安郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "义安郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Yian Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "502", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "589", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "23.66771", "longitude" : "116.63666", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省潮州市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "502", "end year" : "522", "parent id" : "hvd_30288", "name" : "东阳州", "transcribed" : "Dongyang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "523", "end year" : "556", "parent id" : "hvd_30289", "name" : "瀛州", "transcribed" : "Ying Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "557", "end year" : "588", "parent id" : "hvd_30302", "name" : "广州", "transcribed" : "Guang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "589", "end year" : "589", "parent id" : "hvd_113617", "name" : "隋", "transcribed" : "Sui" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "502", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_45664", "name" : "义安县", "transcribed" : "Yian Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "502", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_42153", "name" : "义招县", "transcribed" : "Yizhao Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "502", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_45663", "name" : "山都县", "transcribed" : "Shandu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "502", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_42151", "name" : "海宁县", "transcribed" : "Haining Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "502", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_42140", "name" : "海阳县", "transcribed" : "Haiyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "502", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_42143", "name" : "潮阳县", "transcribed" : "Chaoyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "502", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_42575", "name" : "程乡县", "transcribed" : "Chengxiang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "502", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_40329", "name" : "绥安县", "transcribed" : "Sui'an Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_34170", "name" : "义安郡", "transcribed" : "Yian Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "义安郡(502-589年)治所

梁天监元年(502年),复迁治海阳县(1)。领绥安,海宁,海阳,义招,潮阳,程乡等县。郡治海阳县,治所即今广东省潮州市。辖境相当今广东省潮阳市,汕头市,澄海县,饶平县,潮阳县,揭阳县,大埔县,丰顺县,梅州市,梅县,蕉岭县,惠来县,平远县,南澳县和揭西县(五云以西地区除外),普宁县(船埔镇以西地区除外)以及福建省诏安、云霄二县境域(2)。隋开皇十年(590年),郡县废入循州(3)。

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(1),《隋书》卷31?地理下?义安郡:“梁置东扬州,后改曰瀛州,及陈州废。平陈,置潮州。统县五:海阳,旧置义安郡,平陈郡废,大业初置郡;程乡;潮阳;海宁;万川,旧曰义招,大业初改名。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,881页)。姑作梁天监元年,复迁治海阳县。
(2),据所领县治故址,并参考宣统元年《广东舆地全图》,辖境相当今广东省潮阳市,汕头市,澄海县,饶平县,潮阳县,揭阳县,大埔县,丰顺县,梅州市,梅县,蕉岭县,惠来县,平远县,南澳县和揭西县(五云以西地区除外),普宁县(船埔镇以西地区除外)以及福建省诏安、云霄二县境域。
(3),《元和郡县图志》卷34?岭南道?潮州:“隋开皇十年罢郡省海阳县,仍于郡廨置义安县,以属循州。十一年,于义安县立潮州,以潮流往复,因以为名。大业三年罢州为义安郡,武德四年复为潮州。”海阳县:“郭下。本汉揭阳县地,晋于此立海阳县,属义安郡。隋开皇十年省郡,废海阳入循州,十一年置潮州,又立海阳县以属焉。”(北京,中华书局,下册,894-895页)。据此,作隋开皇十年罢义安郡,改郡治海阳县为义安县,十一年于义安县复置义安郡时,遂复改义安县为海阳县。", "source uri" : "" }