{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34156", "sys_id" : "hvd_34156", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "瓊山郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "琼山郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Qiongshan Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "742", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "757", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "19.76259", "longitude" : "110.40539", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "海南省琼山县南旧州村", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "755", "parent id" : "hvd_113618", "name" : "唐", "transcribed" : "Tang" }, { "begin year" : "756", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_30185", "name" : "岭南节度使", "transcribed" : "Lingnan Jiedus" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "742", "end_year" : "757", "child id" : "hvd_42461", "name" : "容琼县", "transcribed" : "Rongqiong Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "742", "end_year" : "757", "child id" : "hvd_42457", "name" : "曾口县", "transcribed" : "Zengkou Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "742", "end_year" : "757", "child id" : "hvd_42454", "name" : "琼山县", "transcribed" : "Qiongshan Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_34155", "name" : "琼州", "transcribed" : "Qiong Zhou" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "琼山郡(742-757年)治所和界线

唐天宝元年(742年),以琼州改置(1)。乾元元年(758年)复为琼州(3)。
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(1),《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?琼州:“本隋珠崖郡之琼山县。贞观五年置琼州,领琼山、万安二县。其年,又割崖州临机来属。十三年废琼州,以属崖州。寻复置琼州,领琼山、容琼、曾口、乐会、颜罗(按:据颜罗治所位置,颜罗当属崖州,不当属琼州)五县。天宝元年改为琼山郡,乾元元年复为琼州。”琼山县:“州所治。贞元七年十一月,省容琼县并入。”临高县:“本属崖州,贞元七年割属琼州。”“曾口、乐会、颜罗,后暂析置。”(中华书局,1975年,5册,1764页)。
按:琼州何时复置,不明确。《新唐书》谓乾封后没山洞蛮,贞元五年复之。今据《唐书》卷43上?地理七上?万安州万安郡:“龙朔二年以崖州之万安置,开元九年徙治陵水,至德二载更名万全郡,贞元元年复治万全,后复改名。”万安:“本隶琼州,贞观五年析文昌置,并置富云、博辽二县。十三年隶崖州,后来属。至德二载曰万全,后复故名。”(北京,中华书局,1957年,4册,1101页)。作龙朔二年析崖州万安县置万安州同时,复析置琼州。
(2),据所领诸县位置和宣统元年《广东舆地全图》,结合地势综合分析,辖境作如下处理:相当今海南省琼山县托东以南的南渡江流域、澄迈县南渡江流域,和屯昌县、定安县、琼海县、琼中县,以及万宁县万泉河流域。
(3),见注(1)。", "source uri" : "" }