{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34154", "sys_id" : "hvd_34154", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "瓊州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "琼州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Qiong Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "631", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "638", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "19.76259", "longitude" : "110.40539", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "海南省琼山县南旧州村", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "631", "end year" : "638", "parent id" : "hvd_113618", "name" : "唐", "transcribed" : "Tang" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "631", "end_year" : "638", "child id" : "hvd_42485", "name" : "万安县", "transcribed" : "Wan'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "631", "end_year" : "638", "child id" : "hvd_42494", "name" : "博辽县", "transcribed" : "Boliao Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "631", "end_year" : "638", "child id" : "hvd_42493", "name" : "富云县", "transcribed" : "Fuyun Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "631", "end_year" : "638", "child id" : "hvd_42454", "name" : "琼山县", "transcribed" : "Qiongshan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "631", "end_year" : "638", "child id" : "hvd_42495", "name" : "陵水县", "transcribed" : "Lingshui Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "琼州(631-638年)治所和界线

唐贞观五年(631年),以崖州析置(1)。领琼山、容琼、万安、临机等县。州治琼山县,治所即今海南省琼山县南旧州村。辖境相当今海南省琼山县托东以南的南渡江流域、澄迈县南渡江南北诸流域,屯昌县,定安县,琼海县,万宁县,琼中县,通什市(毛道地区除外),陵水县,以及保亭县毛感、三道以北地区(2)。贞观十三年(639年)州废,县改属崖州(3)。

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(1),《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?琼州:“本隋珠崖郡之琼山县。贞观五年置琼州,领琼山、万安二县。其年,又割崖州临机来属。十三年废琼州,以属崖州。寻复置琼州,领琼山、容琼、曾口、乐会、颜罗(按:据颜罗治所位置,颜罗当属崖州,不当属琼州)五县。天宝元年改为琼山郡,乾元元年复为琼州。”琼山县:“州所治。贞元七年十一月,省容琼县并入。”临高县:“本属崖州,贞元七年割属琼州。”“曾口、乐会、颜罗,后暂析置。”(中华书局,1975年,5册,1764页)。
(2),据所领新旧县治故址,并参考宣统元年《广东舆地全图》,辖境相当今海南省琼山县托东以南的南渡江流域、澄迈县南渡江南北诸流域,和屯昌县,定安县,琼海县,万宁县,琼中县,通什市(毛道地区除外),陵水县,以及保亭县毛感、三道以北地区(2)。
(3),见注(1)。", "source uri" : "" }