{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34152", "sys_id" : "hvd_34152", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "崖州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "崖州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Ya Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "621", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "741", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "19.87723", "longitude" : "110.42311", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "海南省琼山县东南谭莲村", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "621", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_113618", "name" : "唐", "transcribed" : "Tang" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "639", "end_year" : "661", "child id" : "hvd_42485", "name" : "万安县", "transcribed" : "Wan'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "622", "end_year" : "712", "child id" : "hvd_42469", "name" : "临机县", "transcribed" : "Linji Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "713", "end_year" : "741", "child id" : "hvd_42470", "name" : "临高县", "transcribed" : "Lingao Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "660", "end_year" : "661", "child id" : "hvd_42463", "name" : "乐会县", "transcribed" : "Lehui Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "639", "end_year" : "661", "child id" : "hvd_42494", "name" : "博辽县", "transcribed" : "Boliao Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "639", "end_year" : "661", "child id" : "hvd_42461", "name" : "容琼县", "transcribed" : "Rongqiong Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "639", "end_year" : "661", "child id" : "hvd_42493", "name" : "富云县", "transcribed" : "Fuyun Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "622", "end_year" : "626", "child id" : "hvd_42449", "name" : "平昌县", "transcribed" : "Pingchang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "627", "end_year" : "741", "child id" : "hvd_42450", "name" : "文昌县", "transcribed" : "Wenchang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "639", "end_year" : "661", "child id" : "hvd_42457", "name" : "曾口县", "transcribed" : "Zengkou Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "621", "child id" : "hvd_42448", "name" : "武德县", "transcribed" : "Wude Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "741", "child id" : "hvd_42456", "name" : "澄迈县", "transcribed" : "Chengmai Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "639", "end_year" : "661", "child id" : "hvd_42454", "name" : "琼山县", "transcribed" : "Qiongshan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "741", "child id" : "hvd_42453", "name" : "舍城县", "transcribed" : "Shecheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "630", "child id" : "hvd_42495", "name" : "陵水县", "transcribed" : "Lingshui Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "639", "end_year" : "661", "child id" : "hvd_42495", "name" : "陵水县", "transcribed" : "Lingshui Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "627", "end_year" : "741", "child id" : "hvd_42651", "name" : "颜城县", "transcribed" : "Yancheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "626", "child id" : "hvd_42650", "name" : "颜罗县", "transcribed" : "Yanluo Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_34276", "name" : "珠崖郡", "transcribed" : "Zhuya Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "崖州(621-741年)治所

唐武德四年(621年),以珠崖郡改置(1)。领舍城、平昌、澄迈、颜罗、临机等县。州治舍城县,治所即今海南省琼山县东南谭莲村。辖境相当今海南省海口市、琼山县、文昌县、澄迈县,和屯昌县、临高县东英、波莲以东地区、定安县、琼海县、琼中县、万宁县、陵水县,以及通什市(毛道地区除外),保宁县毛感、三道以北地区(2)。贞观五年(631年)析置琼州,境域缩小。天宝元年(742年),更名珠崖郡(3)。
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(1),《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?崖州:“隋珠崖郡。武德四年平萧铣置崖州,领舍城、平昌、澄迈、颜罗、临机五县。贞观元年置都督府,督崖、儋、振三州。其年,改颜罗为彦城,平昌为文昌…。五年,又置琼州。十三年,废琼州,以临机、容琼、万安三县来属。天宝元年改为珠崖郡,乾元元年复为崖州。”舍城县:“州所治。隋县。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1761页)。
(2),据所领新旧县治故址,并参考宣统元年《广东舆地全图》,辖境相当今海南省海口市、琼山县、文昌县、澄迈县,和屯昌县、临高县东英、波莲以东地区、定安县、琼海县、琼中县、万宁县、陵水县,以及通什市(毛道地区除外),保宁县毛感、三道以北地区。
(3),《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?琼州:“本隋珠崖郡之琼山县。贞观五年置琼州,领琼山、万安二县。其年,又割崖州临机来属。十三年废琼州,以属崖州。寻复置琼州,领琼山、容琼、曾口、乐会、颜罗(按:据颜罗治所位置,颜罗当属崖州,不当属琼州)五县。天宝元年改为琼山郡,乾元元年复为琼州。”琼山县:“州所治。贞元七年十一月,省容琼县并入。”临高县:“本属崖州,贞元七年割属琼州。”“曾口、乐会、颜罗,后暂析置。”(中华书局,1975年,5册,1764页)。", "source uri" : "" }