{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34151", "sys_id" : "hvd_34151", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "珠崖郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "珠崖郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Zhuya Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "607", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "609", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "19.81414", "longitude" : "109.20699", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "海南省儋县西北湳滩村", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "609", "parent id" : "hvd_113617", "name" : "隋", "transcribed" : "Sui" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "609", "child id" : "hvd_42501", "name" : "临振县", "transcribed" : "Linzhen Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "609", "child id" : "hvd_42474", "name" : "义伦县", "transcribed" : "Yilun Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "609", "child id" : "hvd_42483", "name" : "吉安县", "transcribed" : "Ji'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "609", "child id" : "hvd_42513", "name" : "感恩县", "transcribed" : "Gan'en Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "609", "child id" : "hvd_42448", "name" : "武德县", "transcribed" : "Wude Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "609", "child id" : "hvd_42472", "name" : "毗善县", "transcribed" : "Pishan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "609", "child id" : "hvd_42456", "name" : "澄迈县", "transcribed" : "Chengmai Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "609", "child id" : "hvd_42649", "name" : "颜卢县", "transcribed" : "Yanlu Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_34275", "name" : "崖州", "transcribed" : "Ya Zhou" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "珠崖郡(607-609年)治所和界线

隋大业三年(607年),以崖州更名(1)。领义伦、感恩、颜卢、毗善、昌化、吉安、延德、宁远、澄迈、武德等县。郡治义伦县,治所即今海南省儋县西北湳滩村。辖境相当今海南全省(2)。大业六年(610年)分珠崖郡为珠崖、儋耳、临振三郡(3)。

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(1),《隋书》卷31?地理下?珠崖郡:“梁置崖州。统县十:义伦,带郡;感恩;颜卢;毗善;昌化;吉安;延德;宁远;澄迈;武德。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,883页)。
《太平寰宇记》卷169?儋州:“义伦县,汉儋耳县地,隋为义伦县,州所理。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,28册。)
《舆地纪胜》卷120?广南西路?琼州:据《元和志》,隋大业六年分珠崖郡置儋耳、临震二郡。按:《隋志》珠崖郡统十县,治义伦,无舍城县。当是大业六年分设儋耳、临振二郡时,另设舍城县为珠崖郡治。古迹?废舍城县:“《寰宇记》云,本隋旧县。《元和郡县志》大业六年置。《舆地广记》云,武德四年于此立崖州,开宝五年州(废)属琼州,熙宁四年省入琼山。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3573页)。
《舆地纪胜》卷125?广南西路?昌化军:据《隋志》、《唐志》、《元和志》、《琼管志》云,梁置崖州,隋即宜伦县为珠崖郡治,炀帝分珠崖置儋耳,义伦县为儋耳郡治,唐武德五年改置儋州,治义伦。(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3584页)。
《读史方舆纪要》卷105?广东?琼州府?儋州;“萧梁置崖州及珠崖郡,隋初为崖州,大业初复为珠崖郡。”“宜伦废县,今州治。梁置义伦县,为珠崖郡治,隋因之,唐为儋州治,宋太平兴国初,避讳改曰宜伦,仍为州治,熙宁中为昌化军治,绍兴中又为南宁军治,元因之,明废。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,4329页)。
据此,作梁中大同元年废朱庐县(侨治徐闻县),于海南置崖州珠崖郡时,设义伦县为崖州珠崖郡治。隋开皇十年废珠崖郡,以义伦县为崖州治,大业三年州废为珠崖郡,义伦县仍为郡治,六年分珠崖郡置儋耳、珠崖、临振三郡,义伦县为儋耳郡治,另设舍城县为珠崖郡治。
(2),据所领新旧县治故址,并参考宣统元年《广东舆地全图》,辖境相当今海南全省。
(3),见注(1)。", "source uri" : "" }