{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34123", "sys_id" : "hvd_34123", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "高州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "高州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Gao Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "621", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "648", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "21.86499", "longitude" : "111.88705", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省阳江市西白沙镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "621", "end year" : "648", "parent id" : "hvd_113618", "name" : "唐", "transcribed" : "Tang" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "622", "end_year" : "648", "child id" : "hvd_42384", "name" : "南巴县", "transcribed" : "Nanba Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "621", "child id" : "hvd_42307", "name" : "杜原县", "transcribed" : "Duyuan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "622", "end_year" : "648", "child id" : "hvd_42308", "name" : "杜陵县", "transcribed" : "Duling Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "621", "child id" : "hvd_42328", "name" : "海安县", "transcribed" : "Hai'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "622", "end_year" : "626", "child id" : "hvd_42380", "name" : "潘水县", "transcribed" : "Panshui Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "635", "end_year" : "648", "child id" : "hvd_42380", "name" : "潘水县", "transcribed" : "Panshui Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "648", "child id" : "hvd_42385", "name" : "电白县", "transcribed" : "Dianbai Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "648", "child id" : "hvd_42388", "name" : "良德县", "transcribed" : "Liangde Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "626", "child id" : "hvd_42376", "name" : "茂名县", "transcribed" : "Maoming Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "635", "end_year" : "648", "child id" : "hvd_42376", "name" : "茂名县", "transcribed" : "Maoming Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "622", "end_year" : "648", "child id" : "hvd_42303", "name" : "西平县", "transcribed" : "Xiping Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "648", "child id" : "hvd_42396", "name" : "连江县", "transcribed" : "Lianjiang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "648", "child id" : "hvd_42304", "name" : "阳江县", "transcribed" : "Yangjiang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "621", "child id" : "hvd_42302", "name" : "高凉县", "transcribed" : "Gaoliang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "622", "end_year" : "648", "child id" : "hvd_42329", "name" : "齐安县", "transcribed" : "Qi'an Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_34122", "name" : "高凉郡", "transcribed" : "Gaoliang Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "高州(621-648年)治所

唐武德四年(621年)置(1)。领高凉、杜陵、齐安、阳江、良德、电白、保安、茂名、潘水、南巴等县。州治高凉,武德五年更名西平县,治所即今广东省阳江市西白沙镇。辖境相当今广东省恩平、阳江、阳西、高州、电白、茂名等县市境域和吴川县鉴江以东地区(2)。迁州治良德县,治所在今广东省高州县高州水库中。贞观元年(627年),析茂名、潘水县属潘州(今属广西),境域缩小。天宝元年(742年),改为高凉郡(3)。

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(1),《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?恩州:“隋高凉郡。武德四年,平萧铣置高州都督府,管高、春、罗、辩、雷、崖、儋、新八州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1720页)。
《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?高州:“隋高凉郡。旧治高凉县,后改为西平县。贞观二十三年,分西平、杜陵置恩州,高州移治良德县。天宝元年,改为高凉郡。乾元元年,复为高州。领县三:良德,汉合浦郡地,属合浦郡,吴置高凉郡,宋、齐不改。电白,梁置电白郡,隋改为县也。保定,旧保安县,至德二年改为保定。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1721-1722页)。
《唐书》卷43上?地理7:“潘州南潘郡,本南宕州南巴郡,武德四年以合浦郡之南昌、定川置。本治南昌,贞观元年徙治定川,八年更名,后徙治茂名。后废,地入高州。永徽元年复以茂名、南巴、毛山三县置。”“县三:茂名,本隶高州,以茂名水的名,贞观元年来属。潘水,武德五年置,以潘水名,又析南昌、定川置陆川、思城、温水、宕川四县,贞观八年省思城,后以定川、宕川隶牢州,陆川、温水隶禺州,后省南昌,二十三年析潘水置毛山县,以毛山名,其后省潘水县(入毛山),开元二年改毛山曰潘水,南有博畔镇。南巴,本隶高州,武德五年置,永徽元年来属。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,4册,1098页)。
(2),据所领新旧县治故址,并参考宣统元年《广东舆地全图》,辖境相当今广东省恩平、阳江、阳西、高州、电白、茂名等县市境域和吴川县鉴江以东地区。
(3),《唐书》卷43上?地理7:“潘州南潘郡,本南宕州南巴郡,武德四年以合浦郡之南昌、定川置。本治南昌,贞观元年徙治定川,八年更名,后徙治茂名。后废,地入高州。永徽元年复以茂名、南巴、毛山三县置。”“县三:茂名,本隶高州,以茂名水的名,贞观元年来属。潘水,武德五年置,以潘水名。又析南昌、定川置陆川、思城、温水、宕川四县,贞观八年省思城,后以定川、宕川隶牢州,陆川、温水隶禺州,后省南昌。二十三年析潘水置毛山县,以毛山名,其后省潘水县(入毛山),开元二年改毛山曰潘水,南有博畔镇。南巴,本隶高州,武德五年置,永徽元年来属。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,4册,1098页)。
《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?高州:“隋高凉郡。旧治高凉县,后改为西平县。贞观二十三年,分西平、杜陵置恩州,高州移治良德县。天宝元年,改为高凉郡。乾元元年,复为高州。领县三:良德,汉合浦郡地,属合浦郡,吴置高凉郡,宋、齐不改。电白,梁置电白郡,隋改为县也。保定,旧保安县,至德二年改为保定。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1721-1722页)。", "source uri" : "" }