{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34096", "sys_id" : "hvd_34096", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "岡州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "冈州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Gang Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "639", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "741", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "22.52658", "longitude" : "113.03840", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省新会县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "639", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_113618", "name" : "唐", "transcribed" : "Tang" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "639", "end_year" : "734", "child id" : "hvd_42225", "name" : "丰乐县", "transcribed" : "Fengle Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "639", "end_year" : "741", "child id" : "hvd_42342", "name" : "义宁县", "transcribed" : "Yining Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "639", "end_year" : "741", "child id" : "hvd_42218", "name" : "新会县", "transcribed" : "Xinhui Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_34095", "name" : "冈州", "transcribed" : "Gang Zhou" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "冈州(639-741年)治所

唐贞观十三年(639年),迁州治(1)。领新会、义宁二县。州治新会县,治所即今广东省新会县。辖境相当今广东省江门市,新会县,鹤山县,开平县,台山县境域(2)。天宝元年(742年),改为义宁郡(3)。

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(1),《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?冈州?新会:“汉南海郡地。晋置新会郡。改置封州,又改为允州,又改为冈州。隋末废,并入广州。武德四年,复为冈州。旧治盆源城。贞观十三年,废冈州,县属广州。其年,复置州于今治也。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1716页)。《太平寰宇记》卷157?广州?新会县:“唐武德四年复置冈州,旧治盆允城。贞观十三年废冈州,县属广州,其年复置州于今所。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,28册。)《嘉庆一统志》卷441?广州府二?古迹:“盆允故城,在新会县北。…县志:盆允故城,在今县北二十里。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,164册)。据此,作贞观十三年以前,新会县治于今县北二十里盆源(允)城,相当今新会县北杜阮镇。同年复置冈州移治于今广东省新会县。
(2),据所领二县故址及其以后新县的分割,并参考宣统元年《广东舆地全图》,辖境相当今广东省江门市,新会县,鹤山县,开平县,台山县境域。
(3),见注(1)。", "source uri" : "" }