{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34093", "sys_id" : "hvd_34093", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "廣州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "广州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Guang Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "621", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "741", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "23.13462", "longitude" : "113.25607", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省广州市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "621", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_113618", "name" : "唐", "transcribed" : "Tang" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "621", "child id" : "hvd_42334", "name" : "化蒙县", "transcribed" : "Huameng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "639", "end_year" : "741", "child id" : "hvd_42334", "name" : "化蒙县", "transcribed" : "Huameng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "741", "child id" : "hvd_42194", "name" : "南海县", "transcribed" : "Nanhai Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "621", "child id" : "hvd_42264", "name" : "含洭县", "transcribed" : "Han Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "627", "end_year" : "741", "child id" : "hvd_42264", "name" : "含洭县", "transcribed" : "Han Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "621", "child id" : "hvd_42269", "name" : "四会县", "transcribed" : "Sihui Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "639", "end_year" : "741", "child id" : "hvd_42269", "name" : "四会县", "transcribed" : "Sihui Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "741", "child id" : "hvd_42212", "name" : "增城县", "transcribed" : "Zengcheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "741", "child id" : "hvd_42203", "name" : "宝安县", "transcribed" : "Bao'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "622", "child id" : "hvd_42237", "name" : "政宾县", "transcribed" : "Zhengbin Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "627", "end_year" : "741", "child id" : "hvd_42260", "name" : "浈阳县", "transcribed" : "Zhenyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "741", "child id" : "hvd_42232", "name" : "清远县", "transcribed" : "Qingyuan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "703", "end_year" : "741", "child id" : "hvd_42198", "name" : "番禺县", "transcribed" : "Fanyu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "621", "child id" : "hvd_42259", "name" : "贞阳县", "transcribed" : "Zhenyang Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_34091", "name" : "南海郡", "transcribed" : "Nanhai Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "广州(621-741年)治所

唐武德四年(621年),以南海郡改置(1)。领南海、增城、清远、政宾、宝安、浛洭、真阳、四会、化蒙、新招、化穆、化注、怀集等县。州治南海县,治所即今广东省广州市。辖境相当今广东省广州市、番禺县、南海县、增城县、从化县、佛冈县、广宁县、四会县、英德县、斗门县、清源市、中山市、东莞市、深圳市、香港、澳门,和三水县(金本、白坭地区除外)、龙门县(路溪、平陵地区除外)、宝安县(横岗、山坪以北地区除外)、新丰县回龙、沙田、遥田地区境域以及广西怀集县(2)。武德五年(622年),析浛洭、真阳二县置洭州;析四会、化蒙、新招、化穆、化注五县置南绥州;析怀集县置威州,境域缩小(3)。其后辖境有变化,但治所未更改。天宝元年(742年)改为南海郡(4)。

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(1),《元和郡县图志》卷34?岭南道1?广州:“隋开皇九年平陈,于广州置总管府,仁寿元年改广州为番州,大业三年罢番州为南海郡。隋末陷贼,武德四年讨平萧铣,复为广州。”(北京,中华书局,1983年,下册,887页)。
(2),据所领新旧县治故址,并参考宣统元年《广东舆地全图》,辖境相当今广东省广州市、番禺县、南海县、增城县、从化县、佛冈县、广宁县、四会县、英德县、清源市、中山市、东莞市、深圳市、香港、澳门,和三水县(金本、白坭地区除外)、龙门县(路溪、平陵地区除外)、宝安县(横岗、山坪以北地区除外)、新丰县回龙、沙田、遥田地区境域以及广西怀集县。
(3),《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?广州中都督府?四会:“汉县,属南海。武德五年,于县治北置南绥州,领四会、化蒙、新招、化穆、化注五县。贞观元年,省新招、化注二县,以废威州之怀集、废齐州之洊安二县来属。八年,改为浈州。十三年,省州及化穆县,以四会、化蒙、怀集、洊安四县属广州也。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1713页)。
《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?广州中都督府?怀集:“晋怀化县,隋为怀集。武德五年,于县置威州,领兴平、怀集、霍清、威成四县。贞观元年,州废,以怀集属南绥,省兴平、霍清、威成三县。八年,改绥州为浈州,县仍属。十三年,属广州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1713页)。
《新唐书》卷43上?地理7上?岭南道?广州南海郡?浛洭:“武德五年以浛洭、真阳二县置洭州,并析置翁源县。贞观元年州废,以翁源隶韶州,浛洭、真阳来属。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,4册,1097页)。
(4),《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?广州中都督府:“隋南海郡。武德四年讨平萧铣,置广州总管府,管广、东衡、洭、南绥、冈五州,并南康总管。其广州领南海、增城、清远、政宾、宝安五县。六年又置高、循二总管,隶广州。七年改总管为大都督府。九年,废南康都督,以端、封、宋、洭、泷、建、齐、威、扶、义、勤十一州隶广州。其年,又省勤州。贞观(元年)改中都督府,省威、齐、宋、洭四州,仍以废洭州之浈阳、浛洭二县来属。改衡州为韶州,仍以南康州及崖州都督并隶广州。二年,省循州都督,以循、潮二州隶广府。八年,改建州为药州、南绥州为浈州、南扶州为窦州。十二年,改南康州(为康州)。十三年,省浈州,以四会、化蒙、怀集、洊安四县来属。省冈州,以义宁、新会二县并属广州。其年,又以义宁、新会二县立冈州。…天宝元年改为南海郡。乾元元年复为广州。…天宝领县十三。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1711页)。《唐书》卷43上?地理七?广州?清远县:“武德六年省政宾县入焉。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,4册,1096页)。", "source uri" : "" }