{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34091", "sys_id" : "hvd_34091", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "南海郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "南海郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Nanhai Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "607", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "620", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "23.13462", "longitude" : "113.25607", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省广州市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "620", "parent id" : "hvd_113617", "name" : "隋", "transcribed" : "Sui" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "620", "child id" : "hvd_42342", "name" : "义宁县", "transcribed" : "Yining Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "620", "child id" : "hvd_42243", "name" : "乐昌县", "transcribed" : "Lechang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "620", "child id" : "hvd_42334", "name" : "化蒙县", "transcribed" : "Huameng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "620", "child id" : "hvd_42194", "name" : "南海县", "transcribed" : "Nanhai Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "620", "child id" : "hvd_42264", "name" : "含洭县", "transcribed" : "Han Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "620", "child id" : "hvd_42269", "name" : "四会县", "transcribed" : "Sihui Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "620", "child id" : "hvd_42212", "name" : "增城县", "transcribed" : "Zengcheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "620", "child id" : "hvd_42594", "name" : "始兴县", "transcribed" : "Shixing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "620", "child id" : "hvd_42203", "name" : "宝安县", "transcribed" : "Bao'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "620", "child id" : "hvd_44194", "name" : "怀集县", "transcribed" : "Huaiji Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "621", "child id" : "hvd_44194", "name" : "怀集县", "transcribed" : "Huaiji Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "620", "child id" : "hvd_42237", "name" : "政宾县", "transcribed" : "Zhengbin Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "620", "child id" : "hvd_42217", "name" : "新会县", "transcribed" : "Xinhui Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "620", "child id" : "hvd_42238", "name" : "曲江县", "transcribed" : "Qujiang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "620", "child id" : "hvd_42232", "name" : "清远县", "transcribed" : "Qingyuan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "620", "child id" : "hvd_42250", "name" : "翁源县", "transcribed" : "Wengyuan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "620", "child id" : "hvd_42259", "name" : "贞阳县", "transcribed" : "Zhenyang Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_34195", "name" : "广州", "transcribed" : "Guang Zhou" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "南海郡(607-620年)治所和界线

隋大业三年(607年),以番州更名,并废冈州来属(1)。领南海、曲江、始兴、翁源、增城、宝安、乐昌、四会、化蒙、清远、含洭、政宾、怀集、新会、义宁等十五县。郡治南海县,治所即今广东省广州市。辖境相当今广东省广州市、番禺县、南海县、增城县、从化县、斗门县、台山县、新会县、鹤山县、佛冈县、广宁县、四会县、英德县、开平县、清源市、中山市、东莞市、深圳市、香港、澳门,和三水县(金本、白坭地区除外)、龙门县(路溪、平陵地区除外)、宝安县(横岗、山坪以北地区除外)、新丰县回龙、沙田、遥田地区境域以及广西怀集县东南部地区;韶关市、曲江县、乳源县、乐昌县、翁源县、仁化县和南雄县、始兴县境域以及新丰县青山寨、桐子岭以北地区和连平县坡头、贵东地区(2)。唐武德四年(621年),改为广州,并析新会等县置冈州(3)。

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(1),《隋书》卷31?地理下:“南海郡,旧置广州,梁陈并置都督府。平陈,置总管府。仁寿元年置番州,大业初府废。统县十五。南海:旧置南海郡。平陈,郡废;又分置番禺县,寻废入焉。大业初置郡。曲江:旧置始兴郡。平陈废,十六年又废浈阳县入焉。始兴:齐曰正阶,梁改名焉,又置安远郡,置东衡州。平陈,改郡置东庾县,又于此置广州总管。开皇末移向南海,又十六年废大庾入焉。翁源:梁置,陈又置清远郡。平陈郡废。增城:旧置东官郡,平陈废。宝安。乐昌:梁置,曰梁化,又分置平石县。开皇十二年省平石入,十八年改名焉。四会:旧置绥建郡,又有乐昌郡。平陈,二郡废。大业初又并始昌县入焉。化蒙:大业初废威城县入焉。清远:旧置清远郡,有分置威正、廉平、恩洽、浮护等四县。平陈并废,以置清远县。又齐置齐康郡,至是亦废入焉。含洭:梁置衡州、阳山郡。平陈,州改曰洭州,郡废。二十年州废。政宾:旧置东官郡。平陈,郡废。怀集。新会:旧置新会军。平陈,郡废,又并盆允、永昌、新建、熙潭、化召、怀集六县入焉,为封州。十一年改为允州,后又改为冈州。大业初州废,并废丰乐县入焉。义宁:开皇十年废新夷、初宾二县入;又有始康县,废入封平。大业初又废封平入焉。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,880-881页)。
(2),据所领新旧县治故址,并参考宣统元年《广东舆地全图》,辖境相当今广东省广州市、番禺县、南海县、增城县、从化县、斗门县、台山县、佛冈县、广宁县、四会县、英德县、开平县、清源市、中山市、东莞市、深圳市、香港、澳门,和三水县(金本、白坭地区除外)、龙门县(路溪、平陵地区除外)、宝安县(横岗、山坪以北地区除外)、新丰县回龙、沙田、遥田地区境域以及广西怀集县;韶关市、曲江县、乳源县、乐昌县、翁源县、仁化县和南雄县、始兴县境域以及新丰县青山寨、桐子岭以北地区和连平县坡头、贵东地区。
(3),《元和郡县图志》卷34?岭南道1?广州:“隋开皇九年平陈,于广州置总管府,仁寿元年改广州为番州,大业三年罢番州为南海郡。隋末陷贼,武德四年讨平萧铣,复为广州。”“管县十三:南海县,郭下。本汉番禺县之地也,属南海郡。隋开皇十年分其地置南海县,属广东;番禺县,本汉旧县。隋开皇十年改置南海县,即今县是也。长安三年于江南州上别置番禺县,取汉名;化蒙,本秦四会县之地。宋元嘉十三年分四会县之蒙乡置化蒙县,属绥建郡。隋开皇十年郡废,县属广州;怀集县,本汉四会县之地。宋元嘉中分四会县之银屯乡置怀集县,属绥建郡。隋开皇十年改属洭州,(洭州即今广州浛洭县理也),二十年废洭州,改属广州;增城县,本汉番禺县地,后汉于此置增城县,属南海郡。隋开皇十年属广州;洊水县,本汉封阳县地,在今贺州界,萧齐于此置洊安县,属广州。至德二年改为洊水;东莞县,本汉博罗县地,晋成帝六年于此置宝安县,属东莞郡,隋开皇十年郡废,以县属广州,至德二年改为东莞县,取旧郡名也;新会县,本汉四会县地,隋开皇十年置新会县,属冈州,(冈州即今广州义宁县理是也)。开元二十三年割属广州;义宁县,本汉番禺县之地,宋元嘉六年于此置义宁县,属新会郡。随改属冈州,天宝初废冈州,以县属广州;清远县,本汉中宿县地也,梁武帝于此置清远郡,中宿县属之。隋开皇十年废郡,置清远县,属广州;四会县,本秦旧县也,属桂林郡,隋开皇十年改属广州;浈阳县,本汉旧县也,属桂阳郡。吴属始兴郡,隋开皇十年改为贞阳,属循州,十九年改属广州。武德元年复改为浈阳;浛洭县,本汉旧县也,属桂阳郡,隋开皇十年于此置洭州,县属焉。二十年废洭州,以县属广州。”(北京,中华书局,1983年,下册,887-991页)。", "source uri" : "" }