{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34075", "sys_id" : "hvd_34075", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "循州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "循州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Xun Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "622", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "741", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "23.08979", "longitude" : "114.41498", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省惠州市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "622", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_113618", "name" : "唐", "transcribed" : "Tang" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "622", "end_year" : "741", "child id" : "hvd_42579", "name" : "兴宁县", "transcribed" : "Xingning Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "622", "end_year" : "741", "child id" : "hvd_42171", "name" : "博罗县", "transcribed" : "Boluo Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "622", "end_year" : "741", "child id" : "hvd_42165", "name" : "归善县", "transcribed" : "Guishan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "622", "end_year" : "741", "child id" : "hvd_42190", "name" : "河源县", "transcribed" : "Heyuan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "622", "end_year" : "741", "child id" : "hvd_42180", "name" : "海丰县", "transcribed" : "Haifeng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "622", "end_year" : "626", "child id" : "hvd_42191", "name" : "石城县", "transcribed" : "Shicheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "622", "end_year" : "626", "child id" : "hvd_42173", "name" : "罗阳县", "transcribed" : "Luoyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "622", "end_year" : "626", "child id" : "hvd_42182", "name" : "陆安县", "transcribed" : "Lu'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "691", "end_year" : "741", "child id" : "hvd_42185", "name" : "雷乡县", "transcribed" : "Leixiang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "622", "end_year" : "626", "child id" : "hvd_42584", "name" : "齐昌县", "transcribed" : "Qichang Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_34074", "name" : "龙川郡", "transcribed" : "Longchuan Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "循州(622-741年)治所和界线

唐武德五年(622年),以龙川郡更名(1)。领归善,博罗,兴宁,海丰,河源等县。州治归善县,治所即今广东省惠州市。辖境相当今广东省惠州市,汕尾市,惠阳县,惠东县,海丰县,陆丰县,陆河县,河源县,龙川县,兴宁县,五华县,和平县,紫金县,宝安县横岗、坪山以北地区,普宁县船埔镇以西地区,揭西县五云以西地区,龙门县路溪地区,新丰县新丰江流域,连平县牛领水林场以东南地区(2)。天宝元年(742年),更名海丰郡(3)。

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(1),《元和郡县图志》卷34?岭南道?循州:“隋开皇十年于此置循州,取循江为名也。大业三年改为龙川郡,武德五年复改为循州”。“管县六:归善,博罗,兴宁,海丰,河源,雷乡。”归善县:“郭下。本汉博罗县地也,宋于此置归善县,属鄣郡。梁属梁化郡,隋开皇十年废梁化郡,以县属循州。”(北京,中华书局,下册,892页)。
(2),据所领县治故址,并参考宣统元年《广东舆地全图》,境相当今广东省惠州市,汕尾市,惠阳县,惠东县,海丰县,陆丰县,陆河县,河源县,龙川县,兴宁县,五华县,和平县,紫金县,宝安县横岗、坪山以北地区,普宁县船埔镇以西地区,揭西县五云以西地区,龙门县路溪地区,新丰县新丰江流域,连平县牛领水林场以东南地区。
(3),《旧唐书》卷41?地理四:“循州,隋龙川郡。武德五年,改为循州总管府,管循、潮二州。循州领归善、河源、博罗、兴宁、海丰、罗阳。省龙川入归善、石城入河源、齐昌入兴宁。贞观二年,废都督府。天宝元年,改为海丰郡。乾元元年复为循州。旧领县五。天宝领县六。”归善,博罗,河源,海丰,兴宁,雷乡。(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1715页)。", "source uri" : "" }