{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34071", "sys_id" : "hvd_34071", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "義安郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "义安郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Yi'an Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "607", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "621", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "23.66771", "longitude" : "116.63666", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省潮州市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "621", "parent id" : "hvd_113617", "name" : "隋", "transcribed" : "Sui" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "617", "child id" : "hvd_42154", "name" : "万川县", "transcribed" : "Wanchuan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "621", "child id" : "hvd_42142", "name" : "海阳县", "transcribed" : "Haiyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "621", "child id" : "hvd_42143", "name" : "潮阳县", "transcribed" : "Chaoyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "621", "child id" : "hvd_42576", "name" : "程乡县", "transcribed" : "Chengxiang Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_34172", "name" : "潮州", "transcribed" : "Chao Zhou" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "义安郡(607-621年)治所和界线

隋大业三年(607年),以潮州更名(1)。领海阳、程乡、潮阳、海宁、万川五县。郡治海阳县,治所即今广东省潮州市。辖境相当今广东省潮阳市,汕头市,澄海县,饶平县,潮阳县,揭阳县,大埔县,丰顺县,梅州市,梅县,蕉岭县,惠来县,平远县,南澳县以及揭西县(五云以西地区除外),普宁县(船埔镇以西地区除外)(2)。唐武德五年(622年),复更名潮州(3)。

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(1),《隋书》卷31?地理下?义安郡:“梁置东扬州,后改曰瀛州,及陈州废。平陈,置潮州。统县五:海阳,旧置义安郡,平陈郡废,大业初置郡;程乡;潮阳;海宁;万川,旧曰义招,大业初改名。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,881页)。
(2),据所领县治故址,并参考宣统元年《广东舆地全图》,辖境相当今广东省潮阳市,汕头市,澄海县,饶平县,潮阳县,揭阳县,大埔县,丰顺县,梅州市,梅县,蕉岭县,惠来县,平远县,南澳县以及揭西县(五云以西地区除外),普宁县(船埔镇以西地区除外)。
(3),《元和郡县图志》卷34?岭南道?潮州:“隋开皇十年罢郡省海阳县,仍于郡廨置义安县,以属循州。十一年,于义安县立潮州,以潮流往复,因以为名。大业三年罢州为义安郡,武德四年复为潮州。”“管县三:海阳、潮阳、程乡。”海阳县:“郭下。本汉揭阳县地,晋于此立海阳县,属义安郡。隋开皇十年省郡,废海阳入循州,十一年置潮州,又立海阳县以属焉。”(北京,中华书局,下册,894-895页)。
《舆地纪胜》卷99?广南东路?潮州?州沿革:“炀帝罢州为郡。隋末陷于寇境。唐平萧铣复取岭南。岭南俚帅杨世略以循、潮二州来降(《通鉴》在武德五年。《元和郡县志》云,武德四年复之潮州,《寰宇记》以为武德元年复置潮州,不同。象之谨按:…武德五年始定岭南。则元年四年尚属萧铣,《通鉴》武德五年循潮二州始来降,则改郡为州当在武德五年,而《元和志》、《寰宇记》记年非是。不取。)复为潮州(皇朝郡县志)。改潮阳郡(天宝元年),复为潮州(乾元元年)。五代为南汉所有(龑取潮韶二州。《寰宇记》云,南汉割程乡置梅州)。皇朝平岭南,地归版图(《九朝通略》在开宝三年)。今领县三,治海阳。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3104-3105页)。", "source uri" : "" }