{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34065", "sys_id" : "hvd_34065", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "德慶府", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "德庆府", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Deqing Fu", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "府", "alternate name" : "府", "transcription" : "fu", "English" : "superior prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1131", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1279", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "23.14679", "longitude" : "111.77102", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省德庆县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1131", "end year" : "1276", "parent id" : "hvd_30181", "name" : "广南东路", "transcribed" : "Guangnandong Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1277", "end year" : "1279", "parent id" : "hvd_30167", "name" : "潭州行省", "transcribed" : "Tanzhou Xingsh" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "1137", "end_year" : "1139", "child id" : "hvd_42373", "name" : "封川县", "transcribed" : "Fengchuan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1137", "end_year" : "1139", "child id" : "hvd_42375", "name" : "开建县", "transcribed" : "Kaijian Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1131", "end_year" : "1279", "child id" : "hvd_42631", "name" : "泷水县", "transcribed" : "Longshui Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1131", "end_year" : "1279", "child id" : "hvd_42352", "name" : "端溪县", "transcribed" : "Duanxi Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_34064", "name" : "康州", "transcribed" : "Kang Zhou" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "德庆府(1131-1279年)治所

宋绍兴元年(1131年),以康州升为德庆府(1)。领端溪,泷水二县。府治端溪县,治所即今广东省德庆县。辖境相当今广东省德庆县,郁南县,罗定县和云浮县都骑、大云雾山一线以西地区以及信宜县蚊子坑、凤凰岭、怀乡街、湘垌、石人顶、坑尾一线以东北地区(2)。绍兴七年(1137)废封州,以封川,开建二县来属,境域扩大。绍兴十年(1140年),复析封川、开建二县置封州,境域缩小。元至元十七年(1280年)改为德庆路(3)。

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(1),《宋史》卷90?地理六?广南东路?德庆府:本康州。“绍兴元年,以高宗潜邸,升为府。十四年,置永庆军节度。县二:端溪;泷水。”(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2238页)。
(2),所领端溪,泷水二县,包括废入端溪和泷水的故县故址,据此并参考宣统元年《广东舆地全图》,辖境相当今广东省德庆县,郁南县,罗定县和云浮县都骑、大云雾山一线以西地区以及信宜县蚊子坑、凤凰岭、怀乡街、湘垌、石人顶、坑尾一线以东北地区。
(3),《元史》卷62?地理五?江西等处行中书省?广东道宣慰使司都元帅府?德庆路:“唐初为南康州,又名康州,又改晋康郡。宋升德庆府。元至元十三年,徇广州,既取广州,而德庆未下。十四年,广西宣慰司以兵取之,改隶广西道。十七年,立德庆路总管府,后仍隶广东道。”领县二:端溪、泷水。(中华书局,1976年,5册,1516页)。", "source uri" : "" }