{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34061", "sys_id" : "hvd_34061", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "竇州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "窦州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Dou Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1004", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1005", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "21.91921", "longitude" : "110.85381", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省高州县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1004", "end year" : "1005", "parent id" : "hvd_30182", "name" : "广南西路", "transcribed" : "Guangnanxi Lu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "1004", "end_year" : "1005", "child id" : "hvd_42402", "name" : "信宜县", "transcribed" : "Xinyi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1004", "end_year" : "1005", "child id" : "hvd_42385", "name" : "电白县", "transcribed" : "Dianbai Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1004", "end_year" : "1005", "child id" : "hvd_42378", "name" : "茂名县", "transcribed" : "Maoming Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_34060", "name" : "窦州", "transcribed" : "Dou Zhou" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "窦州(1004-1005年)治所和界线

宋景德元年(1004年)废高州,以茂名、电白二县来属,境域扩大(1)。领茂名、信宜、电白三县。移州治茂名县,治所即今治所即今广东省高州县。辖境相当今广东境域信宜县蚊子坑、凤凰岭、怀乡街、湘垌、石人顶、坑尾一线以南地区和高州县、电白县、茂名市境域以及化州县南盛地方和吴川县北的鉴江西侧至吴川、博茂西侧以东地区(2)。景德三年(1006年),以属县茂名、电百二县复置高州,境域缩小(3)。

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(1),《宋史》卷90?地理六?广南西路?高州,高凉郡:“开宝五年,废良德县。景德元年,并入窦州,移治茂名。三年,复置,以二县还隶。县三:电白;信谊,唐信仪县,太平兴国初改信宜,熙宁四年废窦州,以信宜县来隶;茂名,开宝五年,自潘州来隶。”(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2244页)。
《舆地纪胜》卷117?广南西路?高州?信宜县:“在州北五十六里。《图经》云:本苍梧郡地,武德四年置信义、谭峨二县,立南扶州。贞观元年州废,以县隶泷州,六年改县为窦州。皇朝开宝四年平岭南,十年(开宝仅有八年,十年疑为七年之刻误)并谭峨、怀德、特亮三县入信义,太平兴国元年易义为宜。景德元年废高州,以电白来属,三年复置高州,熙宁四年废窦州为信宜,入高州。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3432页)。
(2),窦州所领茂名、电白、信宜三县,其中茂名、电白境域至清末未见变化。据宣统元年《广东舆地全图》茂名、电白县图(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第108号),两县东界,同今高州县、电白县东界;西界北段,基本同今化州县东界,唯化州县南盛地方也属茂名县所辖;西界茂名县南段,在吴川县北的鉴江西侧至吴川、博茂西侧。路北信宜县境界,西界、西北界,同今县界,东北界变化较大:有元一代及明初,界线大致在蚊子坑、凤凰岭、怀乡街、湘垌、石人顶、坑尾一线。
(3),见注(1)。", "source uri" : "" }