{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34051", "sys_id" : "hvd_34051", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "辯州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "辩州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Bian Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "908", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "979", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "21.65403", "longitude" : "110.62531", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省化州县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "908", "end year" : "916", "parent id" : "hvd_30187", "name" : "清海军节度使", "transcribed" : "Qinghaijun Jie" }, { "begin year" : "971", "end year" : "979", "parent id" : "hvd_30180", "name" : "岭南路", "transcribed" : "Lingnan Lu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "972", "end_year" : "979", "child id" : "hvd_42414", "name" : "吴川县", "transcribed" : "Wuchuan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "908", "end_year" : "979", "child id" : "hvd_42405", "name" : "石龙县", "transcribed" : "Shilong Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "908", "end_year" : "971", "child id" : "hvd_42413", "name" : "罗辩县", "transcribed" : "Luobian Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "908", "end_year" : "971", "child id" : "hvd_42409", "name" : "陵罗县", "transcribed" : "Lingluo Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_34050", "name" : "勋州", "transcribed" : "Xun Zhou" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "辩州(908-979年)治所

唐天祐四年(908年),以勋州更名,属岭南道(1)。领石龙、陵罗二县。州治石龙县,治所即今广东省化州县。境域相当今广东省化州县境(大坡以西北的平定河流域除外)(2)。宋开宝五年(972年),废罗州来属,又废顺州,以故州治龙化县入石龙,境域扩大。太平兴国五年(980年),更名化州(3)。

————————————————————
(1),《舆地纪胜》卷116?化州:唐天祐元年辩州“更名勋州,寻复故,五代为南汉所有。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3414页)。今作唐末天祐四年复故名辩州。
(2),石龙县治所即今广东省化州县,陵罗县治所即今广东省化州县北合江镇,龙化县治所在今广东省化州县西北文楼镇,罗辩县治所在广东省化州县西北播扬镇,慈廉县治所在今广东省化州县西北中垌镇。据以上各县治所均在今化州县境内,作辩州境域相当今广东省化州县全境。大历八年析出之龙化县地,相当今化州县大坡以西北的平定河流域。
(3),《宋史》卷90?地理六?广南西路?化州,陵水郡:“本辩州,太平兴国五年改。开宝中,废陵罗县。县二:石龙。吴川,本属罗州,州废,开宝五年来属。南度后,增县一:石城,乾道三年,析吴川西乡置,因石城冈为名。”(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2244页)。又,《太平寰宇记》卷167?化州:辩州,“皇朝太平兴国五年改为化州,废陵罗、龙化、罗辩三县。但领石龙一县,并割到废罗州之石城、廉江、干水、零绿四县为吴川一县入当州,与石龙共二县煎盐纳本州。其废县三廉江、干水、零绿人户煎盐输廉州。”石龙县下云:陵罗、龙化、罗辩,“以上三县,皇朝开宝五年废入石龙县。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,30册)。
《读史方舆纪要》卷108?郁林州?陆川县:作“龙化废县,…宋开宝五年(顺)州废,省县入陆川。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,4428页)。不从。", "source uri" : "" }