{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34033", "sys_id" : "hvd_34033", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "雷州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "雷州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Lei Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "917", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1279", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "20.90196", "longitude" : "110.08791", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东海康县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "971", "end year" : "987", "parent id" : "hvd_30180", "name" : "岭南路", "transcribed" : "Lingnan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "988", "end year" : "1108", "parent id" : "hvd_30182", "name" : "广南西路", "transcribed" : "Guangnanxi Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1109", "end year" : "1109", "parent id" : "hvd_30183", "name" : "广西黔南路", "transcribed" : "Guangxiqiannan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1110", "end year" : "1277", "parent id" : "hvd_30184", "name" : "广南西路", "transcribed" : "Guangnanxi Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1278", "end year" : "1279", "parent id" : "hvd_30167", "name" : "潭州行省", "transcribed" : "Tanzhou Xingsh" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "917", "end_year" : "971", "child id" : "hvd_42427", "name" : "徐闻县", "transcribed" : "Xuwen Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1171", "end_year" : "1279", "child id" : "hvd_42428", "name" : "徐闻县", "transcribed" : "Xuwen Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "917", "end_year" : "1279", "child id" : "hvd_42434", "name" : "海康县", "transcribed" : "Haikang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "917", "end_year" : "971", "child id" : "hvd_42440", "name" : "遂溪县", "transcribed" : "Suixi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1149", "end_year" : "1279", "child id" : "hvd_42441", "name" : "遂溪县", "transcribed" : "Suixi Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_34032", "name" : "雷州", "transcribed" : "Lei Zhou" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "雷州(917-1279年)治所

五代南汉乾亨元年(917年)复迁州治于今海康县,属岭南道,五代属南汉,宋淳化三年(992年)改属岭南西路,至道三年(997年)属广南西路(1)。辖境相当今广东遂溪县、海康县、徐闻县和湛江市五里山港以西地区及东山岛境域以及广西北海市涠洲岛(2)。元至元十七年(1280年)改置雷州路(3)。

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(1),《太平寰宇记》卷169?雷州?海康县:“隋废(南合)州,置海康县。朱梁开平三年,曾移州于惊雷江源,至刘氏伪命日,却归海康。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,30册)。
宣统元年《广东地舆全图》海康县图:海康县东南有惊雷水。其源头有南兴市。(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第108号)。今据此作朱梁开平三年,迁州县治于广东省海康县南兴市。南汉乾亨元年迁还故址。
据宣统元年《广东舆地全图》遂溪、海康、徐闻县图,唐宋雷州辖境相当今广东遂溪县、海康县、徐闻县和湛江市五里山港以西地区及东山岛境域以及广西北海市涠洲岛。(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第108号)。
《明史》45?地理六?广东?雷州府?遂溪县:“西南有涠洲巡检司,治海岛中博里村,后迁蚕村。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1144页)。《嘉庆一统志》卷451?雷州府?关隘?湛川巡司:“旧有涠洲巡司,亦至元时置,在(遂溪)县西南二百里海岛中博里村,今废。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,169册)。则涠洲在元也当属雷州府。
(3),《元史》卷63?地理六?湖广等处行中书省?广西两江道宣慰使司都元帅府?雷州路:“唐初为南合州,又更名东合州,又为海康郡,又改雷州。元至元十五年雷州归附,初置安抚司。十七年即州为海北海南道宣慰司治所,改安抚司为总管府,隶宣慰司。领县三:海康,徐闻,遂溪。”(中华书局,1976年,5册,1537页)。", "source uri" : "" }