{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34029", "sys_id" : "hvd_34029", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "欽州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "钦州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Qin Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "972", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1126", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "22.43459", "longitude" : "109.28741", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广西灵山县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "972", "end year" : "987", "parent id" : "hvd_30180", "name" : "岭南路", "transcribed" : "Lingnan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "988", "end year" : "1108", "parent id" : "hvd_30182", "name" : "广南西路", "transcribed" : "Guangnanxi Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1109", "end year" : "1109", "parent id" : "hvd_30183", "name" : "广西黔南路", "transcribed" : "Guangxiqiannan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1110", "end year" : "1126", "parent id" : "hvd_30184", "name" : "广南西路", "transcribed" : "Guangnanxi Lu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "972", "end_year" : "982", "child id" : "hvd_42549", "name" : "保京县", "transcribed" : "Baojing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "983", "end_year" : "1005", "child id" : "hvd_42550", "name" : "安京县", "transcribed" : "Anjing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1006", "end_year" : "1126", "child id" : "hvd_42551", "name" : "安远县", "transcribed" : "Anyuan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "972", "end_year" : "1126", "child id" : "hvd_42569", "name" : "灵山县", "transcribed" : "Lingshan Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_34028", "name" : "钦州", "transcribed" : "Qin Zhou" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "钦州(972-1126年)治所

宋开宝五年(972年),废陆州来属,省遵化、内亭、钦江三县入灵山,迁州治灵山县,治所即今广西灵山县。初属岭南道,淳化三年(992年)改属岭南西路,至道三年(997年)属广南西路(1)。领灵山、保京(太平兴国八年(983年)复曰安京县,景德三年(1006年)更名安远县。)二县。辖境相当今广西灵山县、钦州市(浸启江流域除外)境域和邕宁县那丰、那楼、那路、那别、那陈、百济地区以及防城县(分茅岭以西南除外)(2)。建炎元年(1127年),迁州治安远县(3)。

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(1),《读史方舆纪要》卷104?广东?廉州府?钦州;“上元二年改置陆州,治乌雷县,天宝初曰玉山郡,乾元初复为陆州。宋开宝中,州县皆废。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,4313页)。作宋开宝五年州县皆废属钦州。
《元丰九域志》卷9?广南路:“钦州,宁越郡。治灵山县。县二:开宝五年省遵化、内亭、钦江三县入灵山。景德三年改安京县为安远。灵山;安远。”(北京,中华书局,上册,435页,1984年)。
《宋史》卷90?地理六?广南西路?钦州,宁越郡:“开宝五年,废遵化、钦江、内亭三县。天圣元年,徙州南宾寨。县二:灵山;安远。”(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2245页)。
又,钦州迁治,此作天圣元年。《舆地广记》作唐徙治灵山。《新宁越志》作治平三年移治石六寨。今姑作开宝五年省遵化、内亭、钦江三县入灵山时,州治即迁灵山县。
张家驹《宋代分路考》,载《禹贡》4卷1期。
(2),钦州所领安远、灵山二县,据宣统元年《广东舆地全图》钦州、灵山县图(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第108号),辖境相当今广西灵山县、钦州市(浸启江流域除外)境域和邕宁县那丰、那楼、那路、那别、那陈、百济地区以及防城县(分茅岭以西南除外)。
(3),钦州何时迁治安远县,各书记载不同。《寰宇记》、《九域志》、《宋史?地理志》,均谓钦州治灵山县。《舆地纪胜》作开宝五年徙钦州治保安县,即今安远县。《一统志》谓宋南渡后迁州治安远。《方舆纪要》谓宋徙治灵山县,元治安远县。今据《一统志》结合《舆地纪胜》,作南宋建炎元年钦州自灵山县迁治安远县。", "source uri" : "" }