{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34026", "sys_id" : "hvd_34026", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "陸州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "陆州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Lu Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "758", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "767", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "21.62609", "longitude" : "108.74227", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广西钦州市东南乌雷村", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "763", "parent id" : "hvd_30248", "name" : "安南节度使", "transcribed" : "Annan Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "764", "end year" : "765", "parent id" : "hvd_30249", "name" : "镇南都防御观察经略使", "transcribed" : "Zhennan Dufang" }, { "begin year" : "766", "end year" : "767", "parent id" : "hvd_30250", "name" : "安南都防御观察经略使", "transcribed" : "Annan Dufangyu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "767", "child id" : "hvd_42559", "name" : "乌雷县", "transcribed" : "Wulei Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "767", "child id" : "hvd_42563", "name" : "华清县", "transcribed" : "Huaqing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "767", "child id" : "hvd_42556", "name" : "宁海县", "transcribed" : "Ninghai Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_34150", "name" : "玉山郡", "transcribed" : "Yushan Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "陆州(758-767年)治所

唐乾元元年(758年)以玉山郡改名,属岭南道(1)。领县三:乌雷,华清,宁海三县。州治乌雷县,治所即今广西钦州市东南乌雷村。辖境相当今广西防城县和钦州市钦江河口至那务顶一线以南地区,以及越南先安地区(2)。大历三年(768年)陆州与治所乌雷县同时迁治宁海(3)。
————————————————————
(1),《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?陆州:“隋宁越郡之玉山县。武德五年,置玉山州,领安海、海平二县。贞观二年,废玉山州。上元二年,复置,改为陆州,以州界山为名。天宝元年,改为玉山郡。乾元元年,复为陆州。领县三:乌雷,州所治也;华清,旧玉山县,天宝年改;宁海县,旧安海县,至德二年改为宁海县也。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1758页)。
(2),乌雷治所即今广西钦州市东南乌雷村,华清治所即今广西钦州市东南坪山村,宁海治所即今广西东兴县东罗浮村。据宣统元年《广东舆地全图》和《中国历史地图集?唐时期》,辖境相当今广西防城县和钦州市钦江河口至那务顶一线以南地区以及越南先安地区。
(3),《元和郡县图志》卷38?岭南道?陆州:“本汉交趾郡地,梁大同元年于郡分置黄州,隋开皇十八年改为陆州,以在海南,有陆路通海北,因以为名。”管县三:首县“宁海县:本梁安海县,武德四年又置海平,至德二载更今名。乌雷县,西北至州一里。总章元年置,在海中,因乌雷州为名。大历三年,与州同移于安海县理。”“华清县,西至州一里。本名玉山县,天宝元年改为华清。本在乌雷县北四十里。大历三年,与州同移于安海县理。”(北京,中华书局,下册,962页)。
《唐书》卷43上?地理7:“陆州玉山郡,本玉山州,武德五年以宁越郡之安海、玉山置。贞观二年州废,县隶钦州。高宗上元二年复置,更名。”“县三:乌雷;华清,本玉山,天宝中更名;宁海,本安海。武德四年又置海平县,贞观十二年省。至德二载(758年)更名。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,4册,1112页)。
按:总章元年(668年)始设乌雷县,当属钦州。据《唐书》陆州治乌雷。当是唐上元二年(675年)复置玉山州,更名陆州,则以乌雷为州治,领乌雷、安海、玉山三县。天宝元年(742年),改为玉山郡治。乾元元年(758年),复为陆州治。大历三年(768年)州县同时迁治宁海。", "source uri" : "" }