{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34022", "sys_id" : "hvd_34022", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "廉州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "廉州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Lian Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "758", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "971", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "21.91326", "longitude" : "109.47007", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广西浦北县南旧州村", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "758", "parent id" : "hvd_30200", "name" : "容管经略使", "transcribed" : "Rongguan Jingl" }, { "begin year" : "759", "end year" : "759", "parent id" : "hvd_30201", "name" : "容州经略都防御使", "transcribed" : "Rongzhou Jingl" }, { "begin year" : "760", "end year" : "765", "parent id" : "hvd_30202", "name" : "容管观察使", "transcribed" : "Rongguan Guanc" }, { "begin year" : "766", "end year" : "812", "parent id" : "hvd_30203", "name" : "容管经略使", "transcribed" : "Rongguan Jingl" }, { "begin year" : "813", "end year" : "894", "parent id" : "hvd_30204", "name" : "容管经略使", "transcribed" : "Rongguan Jingl" }, { "begin year" : "895", "end year" : "896", "parent id" : "hvd_30205", "name" : "容管观察使", "transcribed" : "Rongguan Guanc" }, { "begin year" : "897", "end year" : "939", "parent id" : "hvd_30206", "name" : "宁远军节度使", "transcribed" : "Ningyuanjun Ji" }, { "begin year" : "971", "end year" : "971", "parent id" : "hvd_30180", "name" : "岭南路", "transcribed" : "Lingnan Lu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "971", "child id" : "hvd_42524", "name" : "合浦县", "transcribed" : "Hepu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "971", "child id" : "hvd_42535", "name" : "大廉县", "transcribed" : "Dalian Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "971", "child id" : "hvd_42546", "name" : "封山县", "transcribed" : "Fengshan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "971", "child id" : "hvd_42541", "name" : "蔡龙县", "transcribed" : "Cailong Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_34138", "name" : "合浦郡", "transcribed" : "Hepu Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "廉州(758-971年)治所

唐乾元元年(758年)以合浦郡改名,属岭南道(1)。领合浦,封山,蔡龙,大廉四县。州治合浦县,治所即今广西浦北县南旧州村。辖境相当今广西北海市,合浦县,浦北县境域(2)。五代属南汉。宋开宝五年(972年),移州治于长沙场(3)。

————————————————————
(1),《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?廉州:“隋合浦郡。武德五年,置越州,领合浦、安昌、高城、大廉、大都五县。贞观六年置珠池。其年,改大都为白州。八年,改越州为廉州。十年,废姜州,以封山、东罗、蔡龙三县来属。十二年,废安昌、珠池二县入合浦,废高城入蔡龙。天宝元年,改为合浦郡。乾元元年,复为廉州。”旧领县五,天宝后领县四:“合浦,汉县,属合浦郡。秦之象郡地。吴改为珠官。宋分置临漳郡及越州,领郡三,治于此。…隋改为禄州,及为合州,又改为合浦。唐置廉州;封山,隋县。武德五年置姜州,领封山、东罗、蔡龙三县。贞观十年,废州,以三县入廉州;蔡龙,武德五年,分置也;大廉,武德五年置。四县皆汉合浦县地。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1759页)。
(2),所领四县,从废属关系分析,当为其后石康、合浦二县境域。其境域未见变迁记载,据宣统元年《广东舆地全图》,辖境相当今广西北海市,合浦县,浦北县境域。
(3),《舆地纪胜》卷120?广南西路?廉州:开宝五年移州治于旧州西南四十里长沙场,省封山、蔡龙、大廉入合浦,又废长乐州,以长乐、司封、高城、石岩四县地置石康县来属。太平兴国八年,废廉州,于海门镇置太平军,在廉州西南三十五里。咸平元年依旧为廉州。今领县二,治合浦。合浦县:倚郭。太平兴国八年废(廉州)为太平军,省合浦入石康。咸平元年,复置廉州及合浦县。(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3486页)。
《宋史》卷90?地理六?广南西路?廉州,合浦郡:“开宝五年,废封山、蔡龙、大廉三县,移治于长沙场,置石康县。太平兴国八年,改太平军,移治海门镇。咸平元年复。县二:合浦;石康,本常乐州,宋并为县。”(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2245页)。", "source uri" : "" }