{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34004", "sys_id" : "hvd_34004", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "廣州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "广州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Guang Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "758", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1277", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "23.13462", "longitude" : "113.25607", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省广州市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "861", "parent id" : "hvd_30185", "name" : "岭南节度使", "transcribed" : "Lingnan Jiedus" }, { "begin year" : "862", "end year" : "894", "parent id" : "hvd_30186", "name" : "岭南东道节度使", "transcribed" : "Lingnandongdao" }, { "begin year" : "895", "end year" : "916", "parent id" : "hvd_30187", "name" : "清海军节度使", "transcribed" : "Qinghaijun Jie" }, { "begin year" : "971", "end year" : "987", "parent id" : "hvd_30180", "name" : "岭南路", "transcribed" : "Lingnan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "988", "end year" : "1277", "parent id" : "hvd_30181", "name" : "广南东路", "transcribed" : "Guangnandong Lu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "971", "child id" : "hvd_42204", "name" : "东莞县", "transcribed" : "Dongguan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "973", "end_year" : "1277", "child id" : "hvd_42205", "name" : "东莞县", "transcribed" : "Dongguan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "804", "end_year" : "971", "child id" : "hvd_42342", "name" : "义宁县", "transcribed" : "Yining Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "973", "end_year" : "976", "child id" : "hvd_42343", "name" : "义宁县", "transcribed" : "Yining Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "977", "end_year" : "1071", "child id" : "hvd_42344", "name" : "信安县", "transcribed" : "Xin'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1098", "end_year" : "1126", "child id" : "hvd_42346", "name" : "信安县", "transcribed" : "Xin'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "972", "child id" : "hvd_42334", "name" : "化蒙县", "transcribed" : "Huameng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "916", "child id" : "hvd_42194", "name" : "南海县", "transcribed" : "Nanhai Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "972", "end_year" : "1277", "child id" : "hvd_42197", "name" : "南海县", "transcribed" : "Nanhai Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "946", "child id" : "hvd_42264", "name" : "含洭县", "transcribed" : "Han Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "917", "end_year" : "971", "child id" : "hvd_42195", "name" : "咸宁县", "transcribed" : "Xianning Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "971", "child id" : "hvd_42269", "name" : "四会县", "transcribed" : "Sihui Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "973", "end_year" : "1072", "child id" : "hvd_42270", "name" : "四会县", "transcribed" : "Sihui Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "906", "child id" : "hvd_42212", "name" : "增城县", "transcribed" : "Zengcheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "907", "end_year" : "971", "child id" : "hvd_42213", "name" : "增城县", "transcribed" : "Zengcheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "973", "end_year" : "1277", "child id" : "hvd_42214", "name" : "增城县", "transcribed" : "Zengcheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "917", "end_year" : "971", "child id" : "hvd_42196", "name" : "常康县", "transcribed" : "Changkang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "1097", "child id" : "hvd_44194", "name" : "怀集县", "transcribed" : "Huaiji Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "803", "child id" : "hvd_44194", "name" : "怀集县", "transcribed" : "Huaiji Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "804", "end_year" : "1277", "child id" : "hvd_44194", "name" : "怀集县", "transcribed" : "Huaiji Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1098", "end_year" : "1277", "child id" : "hvd_44194", "name" : "怀集县", "transcribed" : "Huaiji Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "804", "end_year" : "1277", "child id" : "hvd_42218", "name" : "新会县", "transcribed" : "Xinhui Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "946", "child id" : "hvd_44199", "name" : "洊水县", "transcribed" : "Jianshui Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "803", "child id" : "hvd_44199", "name" : "洊水县", "transcribed" : "Jianshui Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "804", "end_year" : "971", "child id" : "hvd_44199", "name" : "洊水县", "transcribed" : "Jianshui Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "947", "end_year" : "971", "child id" : "hvd_44199", "name" : "洊水县", "transcribed" : "Jianshui Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "946", "child id" : "hvd_42260", "name" : "浈阳县", "transcribed" : "Zhenyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "1277", "child id" : "hvd_42232", "name" : "清远县", "transcribed" : "Qingyuan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "971", "child id" : "hvd_42198", "name" : "番禺县", "transcribed" : "Fanyu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1088", "end_year" : "1277", "child id" : "hvd_42199", "name" : "番禺县", "transcribed" : "Fanyu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1152", "end_year" : "1277", "child id" : "hvd_42226", "name" : "香山县", "transcribed" : "Xiangshan Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_34094", "name" : "南海郡", "transcribed" : "Nanhai Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "广州(758-1277年)治所

唐乾元元年(758年),以南海郡更名,属岭南道(1)。领南海,番禺,增城,四会,化蒙,怀集,东莞,清远,洊水,浈阳,浛洭十一县。州治南海县,治所即今广东省广州市。辖境相当今广东省广州市、番禺县、南海县、增城县、从化县、斗门县、台山县、佛冈县、广宁县、四会县、英德县、清源市、中山市、东莞市、深圳市、香港、澳门,和开平县(马冈以西地区除外)、三水县(金本、白坭地区除外)、龙门县(路溪、平陵地区除外)、宝安县(横岗、山坪以北地区除外)、新丰县回龙、沙田、遥田地区境域以及广西怀宁县(2)。贞元二十年(804年)废冈州,以新会、义宁二县来属,境域扩大,其后广州辖境多有变化。元至元十五年(1278年),割怀集县属贺州,改为广州路(3)。

————————————————————
(1),《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?广州:“隋南海郡。武德四年,讨平萧铣,置广州总管府,管广、东衡、洭、南绥、冈五州,并南康总管。…贞观…十三年…省冈州,以义宁、新会二县并属广州。其年,又以义宁、新会二县立冈州。…天宝元年,改为南海郡。乾元元年,复为广州。…旧领县十,天宝领县十三:南海,番禺,增城,四会,化蒙,怀集,东莞,清远,洊水,浈阳。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1711-1714页)。《新唐书》另领有浛洭,新会,义宁三县。按:新会,义宁二县,时属冈州,实领十一县。
(2),据所领十一县故址及其以后新县的分割,并参考宣统元年《广东舆地全图》和元代广州路境域,辖境相当今广东省广州市、番禺县、南海县、增城县、从化县、斗门县、台山县、佛冈县、广宁县、四会县、英德县、清源市、中山市、东莞市、深圳市、香港、澳门,和三水县(金本、白坭地区除外)、龙门县(路溪、平陵地区除外)、宝安县(横岗、山坪以北地区除外)、新丰县回龙、沙田、遥田地区境域以及广西怀宁县。
(3),《元史》卷62?地理五?江西等处行中书省?广东道宣慰使司都元帅府?广州路:“元至元十三年内附,后又叛。十五年克之,立广东道宣慰司,立总管府并录事司。元领八县,而怀集一县割属贺州。”“领司一、县七:录事司。南海。番禺,与南海俱倚郭。东筦。增城。香山。新会。清远。”(中华书局,1976年,5册,1514-1515页)。", "source uri" : "" }