{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34003", "sys_id" : "hvd_34003", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "岡州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "冈州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Gang Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "758", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "803", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "22.52658", "longitude" : "113.03840", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省新会县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "803", "parent id" : "hvd_30185", "name" : "岭南节度使", "transcribed" : "Lingnan Jiedus" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "803", "child id" : "hvd_42342", "name" : "义宁县", "transcribed" : "Yining Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "803", "child id" : "hvd_42218", "name" : "新会县", "transcribed" : "Xinhui Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_34097", "name" : "义宁郡", "transcribed" : "Yining Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "冈州(758-803年)治所和界线

唐乾元元年(758年),以义宁郡更名,属岭南道(1)。领新会、义宁二县。州治新会县,治所即今今广东省新会县。辖境相当今广东省江门市,新会县,鹤山县,开平县,台山县境域(2)。贞元二十年(804年)州废,属县改隶广州(3)。

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(1),《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?广州:“隋南海郡。武德四年,讨平萧铣,置广州总管府,管广、东衡、洭、南绥、冈五州,并南康总管。…贞观…十三年…省冈州,以义宁、新会二县并属广州。其年,又以义宁、新会二县立冈州。…”冈州:“隋南海郡之新会县。武德四年,平萧铣,置冈州,领新会、封平、义宁三县。贞观五年(按:当为十三年之误),州废,以新会、义宁属广州,省封平、封乐二县。其年,又立冈州,割广州之新会、义宁来属。又立封乐县。天宝元年,改为义宁郡。乾元元年,复为冈州也。…新会:汉南海郡地。晋置新会郡。改置封州,又改为允州,又改为冈州。隋末废,并入广州。武德四年,复为冈州。旧治盆源城。贞观十三年,废冈州,县属广州。其年,复置州于今治也。义宁,汉番禺县地。宋置义宁县,属新会郡。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1711-171(2),1716页)。
(2),据所领二县故址及其以后新县的分割,并参考宣统元年《广东舆地全图》,辖境相当今广东省江门市,新会县,鹤山县,开平县,台山县境域。
(3),《读史方舆纪要》卷101?广东二?广州府?新会县:“唐武德四年,复置冈州,仍治新会。贞观十三年,州废县属广州,是年仍置冈州。天宝初曰义宁郡,乾元初复曰冈州。贞元末,州废县仍属广州。宋因之。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,4180页)。按:‘贞元末’作贞元20年。
按:武德四年复置冈州,义宁县属之。冈州终废于何时,各书所载不同:《新唐书》、《寰宇记》、《舆地纪胜》作开元二十三年;《元和志》作天宝初;《旧唐书》则至乾元年间尚有冈州之设。《方舆纪要》作贞元末。今据《旧唐书》与《方舆纪要》作贞元二十年废冈州,义宁县改属广州。", "source uri" : "" }