{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34000", "sys_id" : "hvd_34000", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "恩州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "恩州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "En Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "758", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "890", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "22.23814", "longitude" : "112.35195", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省恩平县北恩平铺", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "861", "parent id" : "hvd_30185", "name" : "岭南节度使", "transcribed" : "Lingnan Jiedus" }, { "begin year" : "862", "end year" : "890", "parent id" : "hvd_30186", "name" : "岭南东道节度使", "transcribed" : "Lingnandongdao" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "890", "child id" : "hvd_42330", "name" : "恩平县", "transcribed" : "Enping Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "890", "child id" : "hvd_42308", "name" : "杜陵县", "transcribed" : "Duling Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "890", "child id" : "hvd_42304", "name" : "阳江县", "transcribed" : "Yangjiang Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_34126", "name" : "恩平郡", "transcribed" : "Enping Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "恩州(758-890年)治所

唐乾元元年(758年),以恩平郡更名,属岭南道(1)。领恩平,杜陵,阳江三县。州治恩平县,治所即今广东省恩平县北恩平铺。辖境相当今广东省阳江市、恩平县、阳西县境域(2)。大顺二年(891年)移州治阳江县(3)。

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(1),《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?恩州:“隋高凉郡。武德四年,平萧铣置高州都督府,管高、春、罗、辩、雷、崖、儋、新八州。七年,割雷、崖、儋、新属广州。贞观二十三年,废高州都督府,置恩州。天宝元年,改为恩平郡。乾元元年,复为恩州。”领县三:“恩平,州治所,汉合浦郡也,隋置海安县,武德五年改为齐安,至德二年九月改为恩平也;杜陵,隋杜原县,武德五年改为杜陵也;阳江,隋置县也。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1720-1721页)。
(2),据所领县治故址并参考宣统元年《广东舆地全图》,辖境相当今广东省阳江市、恩平县、阳西县境域。
(3),《太平寰宇记》卷158?恩州?阳江县:“废恩平县,东一百五十里。旧九乡。汉合浦郡地。隋置海安县,唐武德五年改为齐安县,至德二年改为恩平。去海五十里。旧为州理。…皇朝开宝六年废入阳江。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,28册。)《嘉庆一统志》卷448?肇庆府?建置沿革?恩平县:“贞观二十三年于县置恩州,天宝初曰恩平郡,至德二载改县曰恩平,乾元初复曰恩州。大顺二年移州治阳江,以恩平县属焉。五代因之,宋开宝五年省县入阳江。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,167册)。", "source uri" : "" }