{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_33525", "sys_id" : "hvd_33525", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "宿州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "宿州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Su Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "875", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1270", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "33.64237", "longitude" : "116.97140", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "安徽宿县治", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "976", "end year" : "996", "parent id" : "hvd_30314", "name" : "淮南东路", "transcribed" : "Huainandong Lu" }, { "begin year" : "997", "end year" : "1071", "parent id" : "hvd_30316", "name" : "淮南路", "transcribed" : "Huainan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1072", "end year" : "1077", "parent id" : "hvd_30317", "name" : "淮南东路", "transcribed" : "Huainandong Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1078", "end year" : "1126", "parent id" : "hvd_30319", "name" : "淮南路", "transcribed" : "Huainan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1127", "end year" : "1129", "parent id" : "hvd_30324", "name" : "淮南东路", "transcribed" : "Huainandong Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1139", "end year" : "1139", "parent id" : "hvd_30324", "name" : "淮南东路", "transcribed" : "Huainandong Lu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "875", "end_year" : "1013", "child id" : "hvd_43276", "name" : "临涣县", "transcribed" : "Linhuan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1017", "end_year" : "1264", "child id" : "hvd_43276", "name" : "临涣县", "transcribed" : "Linhuan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1265", "end_year" : "1270", "child id" : "hvd_43207", "name" : "宿州", "transcribed" : "Su Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1117", "end_year" : "1266", "child id" : "hvd_43270", "name" : "灵壁县", "transcribed" : "Lingbi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "875", "end_year" : "1264", "child id" : "hvd_43206", "name" : "符离县", "transcribed" : "Fuli Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "875", "end_year" : "1264", "child id" : "hvd_43213", "name" : "蕲县", "transcribed" : "Qi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "875", "end_year" : "1138", "child id" : "hvd_43239", "name" : "虹县", "transcribed" : "Hong Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1092", "end_year" : "1116", "child id" : "hvd_43269", "name" : "零壁县", "transcribed" : "Lingbi Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_33524", "name" : "宿州", "transcribed" : "Su Zhou" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "宿州(875—1270年)治所

唐太和七年(833年)复置宿州,复领符离、虹、蕲、临涣四县。初治虹县(今安徽泗县治),875年徙治苻离县(今安徽宿县治),宋大中祥府七年(1014年)临涣改隶亳州,界线始变。此后辖境多有变化。至元八年(1271年)属归德府②。

①《元和郡县志》卷9《河南道五》:“宿州,本徐州之符离也。元和四年以其地南临汴河,有埇桥为舳舻之会,运漕所历,防虞是资。又以蕲县北属徐州,疆界阔远,有诏割苻离、蕲及泗州之虹县置宿州,取古宿国为名也。”(上册,228页)《旧唐书》卷38《地理志一》:“宿州,上。徐州之符离县也。元和四年正月敕,以徐州之符离置宿州,仍割徐州之蕲、泗州之虹。九年又割亳州之临涣等三县属宿州。太和三年徐泗观察使崔群,奏罢宿州,四县各归本属。至七年敕,宜准元和四年正月敕,复置宿州於埇桥,在徐之南界汴水上,当舟车之要。其旧割四县,仍旧来属。……符离……元和四年正月置宿州,仍为上州。虹……元和四年割属宿州。蕲……元和四年割属宿州也。临涣……大和元年割属宿州。”(第4册,1449页)亳州临涣县“元和九年割属宿州。”(1438页)《新唐书》卷38《地理志二》:“宿州,上。元和四年析徐州之苻离、蕲,泗州之虹县置。大和三年州废,七年复置。初治虹,后徙治苻离。……县四:苻离……虹……蕲……临涣……元和后来属。”(第5册,991页)宿州迁治符离县的时间无记载,但875年符离县由今符离集迁往今宿县,作此年宿州迁治。
②《元史》卷59《地理志二》:“宿州,元初隶归德府,领临涣、蕲、灵壁、符离四县并司候司。至元二年以四县一司并入州。四年发灵壁入泗州。十七年复来赂。领县一:灵壁。”(第5册,1408页)元初何时属归德府,不详。今姑作世祖至元八年(1271年)与亳州属归德府。为三级政区不划界。", "source uri" : "" }