{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_33449", "sys_id" : "hvd_33449", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "亳州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "亳州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Bo Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "758", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1270", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "33.87929", "longitude" : "115.77090", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "安徽亳州市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "976", "end year" : "996", "parent id" : "hvd_30314", "name" : "淮南东路", "transcribed" : "Huainandong Lu" }, { "begin year" : "997", "end year" : "1071", "parent id" : "hvd_30316", "name" : "淮南路", "transcribed" : "Huainan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1072", "end year" : "1077", "parent id" : "hvd_30317", "name" : "淮南东路", "transcribed" : "Huainandong Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1078", "end year" : "1126", "parent id" : "hvd_30319", "name" : "淮南路", "transcribed" : "Huainan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1127", "end year" : "1129", "parent id" : "hvd_30324", "name" : "淮南东路", "transcribed" : "Huainandong Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1139", "end year" : "1139", "parent id" : "hvd_30324", "name" : "淮南东路", "transcribed" : "Huainandong Lu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "813", "child id" : "hvd_43276", "name" : "临涣县", "transcribed" : "Linhuan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "829", "end_year" : "832", "child id" : "hvd_43276", "name" : "临涣县", "transcribed" : "Linhuan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1014", "end_year" : "1016", "child id" : "hvd_43276", "name" : "临涣县", "transcribed" : "Linhuan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "904", "child id" : "hvd_43350", "name" : "城父县", "transcribed" : "Chengfu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "923", "end_year" : "1264", "child id" : "hvd_43352", "name" : "城父县", "transcribed" : "Chengfu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "905", "end_year" : "922", "child id" : "hvd_43351", "name" : "焦夷县", "transcribed" : "Jiaoyi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "829", "end_year" : "832", "child id" : "hvd_42798", "name" : "砀山县", "transcribed" : "Shan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1141", "end_year" : "1221", "child id" : "hvd_42798", "name" : "砀山县", "transcribed" : "Shan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1257", "end_year" : "1264", "child id" : "hvd_42799", "name" : "砀山县", "transcribed" : "Shan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1266", "end_year" : "1270", "child id" : "hvd_42800", "name" : "砀山县", "transcribed" : "Shan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "1140", "child id" : "hvd_43372", "name" : "蒙城县", "transcribed" : "Mengcheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "1270", "child id" : "hvd_43342", "name" : "谯县", "transcribed" : "Qiao Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "1140", "child id" : "hvd_82129", "name" : "酇县", "transcribed" : "Zan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "813", "child id" : "hvd_82129", "name" : "酇县", "transcribed" : "Zan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "814", "end_year" : "1220", "child id" : "hvd_82129", "name" : "酇县", "transcribed" : "Zan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1141", "end_year" : "1220", "child id" : "hvd_82129", "name" : "酇县", "transcribed" : "Zan Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_33448", "name" : "谯郡", "transcribed" : "Qiao Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "亳州(758—1270年)治所

天宝元年(742年)更名为谯郡,乾元元年(758年)复为亳州。亳州治谯县(今安徽亳州市),领谯、临涣、鄼、城父、鹿邑、蒙城、永城、真源八县①。元和九年(814年)临涣县改属宿州,界线始变。元至元八年(1271年)属归德府。②

①《旧唐书》卷38《地理志一》:“亳州,望。隋谯郡。武德四年平王世充,改为亳州,领谯、城父、谷阳、鹿邑、鄼五县。……(贞观)十七年,废谯州,以临涣、永城、山桑三县来属。开宝元年改为谯郡。乾元元年复为亳州也。旧领县八:……谯,郭下。……鄼……城父……鹿邑……真源……临涣……永城,隋县,属谯州。贞观十七年废,属亳州……蒙城,隋山桑县,属谯州。州废,隶亳州。天宝元年改为蒙城。”(第4册,1438页)《元和郡县志》卷7《河南道三》:“亳州……管县八:谯、临涣、鄼、城父、鹿邑、蒙城、永城、真源。”(上册,185页)
②《元史》卷59《地理志二》:“归德府……旧领宋城、宁陵、下邑、虞城、谷熟、砀山六县。元初与亳之鄼县同时归附,置京东行省,未几罢。……至元二年,以虞城、砀山二县在枯黄河北,割属济宁府,又并谷熟入睢阳,鄼县入永州,降永州为永城县,与宁陵、下邑隶本府。八年,以宿、亳、徐、邳并隶焉。”(第5册,1407年)“亳州……元初领县六:谯、鄼、鹿邑、城父、卫真、谷熟。后以民户少,并城父入谯,卫真入鹿邑,谷熟入睢阳,鄼入永城,其睢阳、永城去隶归德,后复置城父。领县三:谯县,鹿邑,此邑数有水患,历代民不宁居。城父。”(1409页)据上记述则元初亳州与金末所领县已不同。《元史》卷147《张柔传》:“辛亥,宪宗即位,……甲寅,移镇亳州。”(第11册,3475页)蒙哥汗即位于1251年。即以此年蒙古有亳州,州境始变。亳州领县六:谯、鹿邑、卫真、城父、鄼、永城。", "source uri" : "" }