{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_33347", "sys_id" : "hvd_33347", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "楚州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "楚州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Chu Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "592", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "606", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "33.50279", "longitude" : "119.14111", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "江苏淮安市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "592", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_113617", "name" : "隋", "transcribed" : "Sui" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "592", "end_year" : "606", "child id" : "hvd_42764", "name" : "山阳县", "transcribed" : "Shanyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "592", "end_year" : "606", "child id" : "hvd_42953", "name" : "淮阳县", "transcribed" : "Huaiyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "592", "end_year" : "606", "child id" : "hvd_42747", "name" : "淮阴县", "transcribed" : "Huaiyin Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_33346", "name" : "楚州", "transcribed" : "Chu Zhou" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "楚州(592年—606年)治所

隋开皇三年(583年)置楚州,治寿张县(开皇三年改为淮阴县),开皇十二年(592年)徒治山阳县(江苏淮安市),领寿张、山阳二县(1)。大业三年(607年)废入江都郡(2)。

注:
(1)《隋书》卷31《地理志下》:山阳县,后齐立怀恩县,“后周改曰寿张,又侨立东平郡。开皇元年,改郡为淮阴,并立楚州,寻废郡,更改县曰淮阴。”又载:山阳县,“旧置山阳郡,开皇初郡废。十二年,置楚州,大业初州废。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,873页)《太平寰宇记》卷124《淮南道二》:楚州,后魏为山阳郡,“隋初郡废,为楚州。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本)杨守敬《隋书地理志考证附补遗》:开皇十二年置楚州,“当是自淮阴徒置。”(《二十五史补编》,北京,中华书局,1956年,4册,4856页)按“隋初郡废为楚州”,即是隋开皇三年废山阳郡,于淮阴县置楚州,领淮阴、山阳二县,开皇十二年徒郡治山阳县。
(2)《隋书》卷31《地理志下》:山阳县,“开皇十二年,置楚州,大业初州废。”(同上引书,同页)《太平寰宇记》卷124《淮南道二》:楚州,“炀帝初楚州废,以地并入江都郡。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本)按大业三年改扬州为江都郡,可知楚州废于同年。", "source uri" : "" }