{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_33334", "sys_id" : "hvd_33334", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "臨淮郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "临淮郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Linhuai Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "742", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "757", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "33.02340", "longitude" : "118.46812", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "安徽盱眙县治西北", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_113618", "name" : "唐", "transcribed" : "Tang" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "742", "end_year" : "757", "child id" : "hvd_42823", "name" : "下邳县", "transcribed" : "Xiapi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "742", "end_year" : "757", "child id" : "hvd_42839", "name" : "宿豫县", "transcribed" : "Suyu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "742", "end_year" : "757", "child id" : "hvd_42774", "name" : "涟水县", "transcribed" : "Lianshui Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "742", "end_year" : "757", "child id" : "hvd_43239", "name" : "虹县", "transcribed" : "Hong Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_33333", "name" : "泗州", "transcribed" : "Si Zhou" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "湘州(453年——453年)界线

南朝宋元嘉三十年(453年)分荆州等地置。治临湘(今湖南长沙市)。(1)领有长沙、衡阳、桂阳、零陵、营阳、湘东、邵陵、巴陵、始兴、临贺、始安等郡。(2)孝建元年(454年)巴陵郡改属郢州。(3)

注:
(1)《宋书》卷37《州郡志三?湘州》湘州刺史下曰:“晋怀帝永嘉元年(307年),分荆州之长沙、衡阳、湘东、邵陵、零陵、营阳(《晋志》作穆帝置,见营阳郡考)、建昌,江州之桂阳八郡立,治临湘(今湖南长沙市)。成帝咸和三年省。……宋武帝永初三年(422年)又立。文帝元嘉八年(431年)又省。十六年(439年)又立,二十九年又省。孝武孝建元年(452年)又立。”而广兴公相、临庆内史及始建内史下均曰:元嘉“三十年(453年),复度湘州”。(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1129、1133、1134、1135页)姑作元嘉三十年(453年)分荆州等地置。
(2)《宋书》卷37《州郡志三?湘州》湘州刺史:领有长沙、衡阳、桂阳、零陵、营阳、湘东、邵陵等郡。又曰:“元嘉十六年立巴陵郡属湘州。”广兴(始兴)公相、临庆(临贺)内史及始建(始安)内史下又均曰:元嘉“三十年(453年),复度湘州”。(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1129——1132页)当湘州当时领有长沙、衡阳、桂阳、零陵、营阳、湘东、邵陵、巴陵、始兴、临贺、始安等郡。
(3)《宋书》卷37《州郡志三?湘州》湘州刺史:“元嘉十六年立巴陵郡属湘州,后度郢。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1129页)按:《郢州》郢州刺史下曰:“孝武孝建元年(454年),分荆州之江夏……,湘州之巴陵……立郢州。”(4册,1124页)当在孝建元年巴陵郡改属郢州。", "source uri" : "" }