{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_33332", "sys_id" : "hvd_33332", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "泗州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "泗州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Si Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "621", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "734", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "33.80153", "longitude" : "118.46141", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "江苏泗阳县西北古城山", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "621", "end year" : "734", "parent id" : "hvd_113618", "name" : "唐", "transcribed" : "Tang" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "627", "end_year" : "734", "child id" : "hvd_42823", "name" : "下邳县", "transcribed" : "Xiapi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "734", "child id" : "hvd_42839", "name" : "宿豫县", "transcribed" : "Suyu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "668", "end_year" : "673", "child id" : "hvd_42898", "name" : "沭阳县", "transcribed" : "Shuyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "627", "end_year" : "667", "child id" : "hvd_42774", "name" : "涟水县", "transcribed" : "Lianshui Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "674", "end_year" : "734", "child id" : "hvd_42774", "name" : "涟水县", "transcribed" : "Lianshui Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "634", "end_year" : "643", "child id" : "hvd_43244", "name" : "虹县", "transcribed" : "Hong Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "644", "end_year" : "734", "child id" : "hvd_43239", "name" : "虹县", "transcribed" : "Hong Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_33331", "name" : "下邳郡", "transcribed" : "Xiapi Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "泗州(621-734年)治所

隋大业三年(607年)改泗州为下邳郡(1),治宿豫县(江苏泗阳县西北古城山),领宿豫、夏丘、徐城、淮阳、下邳、良城、郯七县(2)。唐武德四年(621年)改为泗州(3)。开元二十三年(735年)州治移治临淮。(4)

注:
(1)《元和郡县图志》卷9《河南道五》:泗州,“后魏于此置东徐州,周宣帝大象二年,改为泗州,隋大业三年,改为下邳(郡)。”(北京,中华书局,1983年,上册,230页)《太平寰宇记》卷16《河南道十六》;泗州,后周建德五年,改安州为东楚州兼立宿迁郡,“大象二年,改为泗州,隋改为下邳郡。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本)则北周大象二年为泗州,隋大业三年,改为下邳郡。
(2)《隋书》卷31《地理志下》:下邳郡,统县七:宿豫、夏丘、徐城、淮阳、下歪、良城、郯(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,872页)。
(3)《旧唐书》卷38《地理志一》:泗州,“隋下邳郡,武德四年,置泗州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1444页)《元和郡县图志》卷9《河南道五》:泗州,北周大象二年为泗州,“隋大业三年改为下邳(郡),武德四年,改为泗州。”(北京,中华书局,1983年,上册,230页)
(4)《旧唐书》卷38《地理志一》:“泗州,中。隋下邳郡。武德四年置泗州,领宿预、徐城、淮阳三县。贞观元年省淮阳县入宿预,以废邳州之下邳,废连州之涟水来属。八年又以废仁州之虹县来属。总章元年割海州沭阳来属。咸亨五年沭阳还海州。长安四年置临淮县。开元二十三年自宿预移治所於临淮。天宝元年改为临淮郡。乾元元年复为泗州。旧领县五:宿预、涟水、徐城、虹、下邳。天宝领县六(按:当指开元二十三年新置之临淮县)……今领县三:临淮、涟水、徐城。其虹县割隶宿州,宿预、下邳隶徐州。临淮,长安四年割徐城南界两乡於沙熟淮口置临淮县。开元二十三年移治郭下。涟水,隋县。武德四年置涟州,仍分置金城县。贞观元年废涟州,并省金城县,以县属泗州。总章元年改为楚州。咸亨五年还属泗州。徐城,汉徐县。隋为徐城县,属泗州,治大徐城。开元二十五年移就临淮县。”(第4册1444页)", "source uri" : "" }