{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32952", "sys_id" : "hvd_32952", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "衡州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "衡州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Heng Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "region" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "554", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "597", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "29.39268", "longitude" : "110.16237", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南桑植县治澧源镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "554", "end year" : "566", "parent id" : "hvd_30266", "name" : "荆州", "transcribed" : "Jing Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "567", "end year" : "588", "parent id" : "hvd_30267", "name" : "荆州", "transcribed" : "Jing Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "589", "end year" : "597", "parent id" : "hvd_113617", "name" : "隋", "transcribed" : "Sui" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "554", "end_year" : "557", "child id" : "hvd_42074", "name" : "临澧县", "transcribed" : "Linli Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "589", "end_year" : "597", "child id" : "hvd_41952", "name" : "崇义县", "transcribed" : "Chongyi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "554", "end_year" : "556", "child id" : "hvd_41931", "name" : "漊中县", "transcribed" : "Louzhong Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "554", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_41935", "name" : "零阳县", "transcribed" : "Lingyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "589", "end_year" : "597", "child id" : "hvd_41936", "name" : "零陵县", "transcribed" : "Lingling Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "衡州(554-597年)治所和界线

后周置。⑴治所在今湖南桑植县驻地澧源镇。⑵隋开皇九年(589)平陈,置崇义、零陵两县。⑶以崇义县为附郭县。开皇十八年(598)改名崇州。⑷

⑴⑷唐?魏徵:《隋书》卷31《地理下》:“崇义,后周置衡州。开皇中置县,名焉。十八年改州曰崇州,大业初州废。”(中华书局,1973年汪绍楹等校点本,第3册,第895页)
《周书》卷21《杨绍传》:“又从柱国、燕国公于谨围江陵。绍关于楷杷门,流矢中股而力战不衰。事平……除衡州刺史”。(中华书局,2册,501页)
万历《慈利县志》卷2《建置》:“后周建德中,天门郡为北衡州,祀王码门山为南望。革漊中、临澧二县。隋高祖开皇辛丑灭陈后,改北衡州为崇州。又置崇义县,改零阳为慈利县,俱隶崇州。大业中罢崇州,改澧阳郡,而慈隶焉。”(上海古籍书店,《天一阁藏明代方志选刊》,第59册)
《读史方舆纪要》卷77《湖广三》:“充城,(石门)县西二百四十里。汉充县,属武陵郡。后汉因之。……宇文周时,后梁尝置衡州于此。隋开皇中,又于古城西南一里置崇义县。十八年,改衡州曰崇州。大业初,州废,县属澧州。唐初因之。麟德元年,以崇义并入慈利。”(中华书局,第4册,第3323页)
按:按:于谨围江陵事在西魏恭帝元年(554),衡州当置于同一年。
⑵裴淮昌主编《湖南古今地名辞典》:“北衡州……南朝后梁置。治所在今桑植县澧源镇,一说在今大庸市城区西。辖崇义县。”(湖南人民出版社,第333页)。
按:暂以今桑植县驻地澧源镇为衡州的治所。
⑶唐?魏徵:《隋书》卷31《地理下》:“崇义,后周置衡州。开皇中置县,名焉。……慈利,开皇中置,曰零陵,十八年改名焉。”(中华书局,1973年汪绍楹等校点本,第3册,第895页)", "source uri" : "" }