{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32915", "sys_id" : "hvd_32915", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "巫州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "巫州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Wu Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "758", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "770", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "27.19513", "longitude" : "109.81185", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南黔阳县驻地安城镇西南黔阳镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "758", "parent id" : "hvd_30214", "name" : "黔中采访处置经略使", "transcribed" : "Qianzhong Caif" }, { "begin year" : "759", "end year" : "759", "parent id" : "hvd_30239", "name" : "澧朗溆都团练使", "transcribed" : "Lilangdutuanli" }, { "begin year" : "760", "end year" : "761", "parent id" : "hvd_30214", "name" : "黔中采访处置经略使", "transcribed" : "Qianzhong Caif" }, { "begin year" : "762", "end year" : "762", "parent id" : "hvd_30215", "name" : "黔中观察使", "transcribed" : "Qianzhong Guan" }, { "begin year" : "763", "end year" : "768", "parent id" : "hvd_30216", "name" : "黔中采访处置经略使", "transcribed" : "Qianzhong Caif" }, { "begin year" : "769", "end year" : "770", "parent id" : "hvd_30217", "name" : "辰溪巫锦业五州都团练守", "transcribed" : "Chenxiwujinyew" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "770", "child id" : "hvd_42087", "name" : "朗溪县", "transcribed" : "Langxi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "770", "child id" : "hvd_42081", "name" : "潭阳县", "transcribed" : "Tanyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "770", "child id" : "hvd_42086", "name" : "龙标县", "transcribed" : "Longbiao Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32914", "name" : "潭阳郡", "transcribed" : "Tanyang Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "巫州(758-770年)治所和界线

唐乾元元年(758)改潭阳郡置。⑴治龙标县(今湖南黔阳县驻地安城镇西南黔阳镇)。⑵辖龙标、朗溪、潭阳等县。大历五年(771)十二月改名叙州。⑶

据《元和郡县图志》卷30《江南道六》:“八到:东北到东都二千七百八十里。北至上都三千四十八里。西泝流至奖州八百里。北沿流至辰州五百三十八里。南逾岭至融州水陆共一千五百里。东南逾岭至吉州水陆共二千一百里。”(中华书局,下册,750页),具体界线未见记载。
按:据嘉庆《清一统志》卷376《靖州》:“隋龙标县地。唐叙州朗溪县南獠地。五代时为蛮地,称诚、徽二州。”(138册,1页)是唐叙州当有清代靖州直隶州大部分区域。又据同书卷368卷《沅州府》:“唐贞观八年置巫州,天授二年改曰沅州,长安四年析置舞州,开元十三年复沅州曰巫州,亦名潭阳郡,属江南西道。又改舞州曰鹤州。二十年又改曰业州。天宝元年为龙溪郡。大历五年改巫州曰叙州,又改业州曰奖州。”(136册,1页)是清代嘉庆年间的沅州府辖境当大部分属于巫州。又卷583《镇远府》:“唐长安四年以夜郎、渭溪二县地置舞州。开元十三年更名鹤州,二十年又改业州。大历初更名奖州。唐末没于蛮。”(186册,1页)又:“天柱县……隋为龙檦县。唐为郎溪县南獠地。宋为为会同县地。”(同上,第2页)据此,本时期的界线当包括清代湖南省靖州直隶州、沅州府的大部和贵州省天柱县地。又:唐代的巫州县级政区稀少,历史文献又缺少具体的记载,因此,参考宋代本地区的政区设置,对界线的走向作大致的推测。

东界:
巫州是因巫水得名,当包有巫水的大部。因在今湖南城步苗族自治县驻地置有武冈县,故东界暂定在今绥宁县城以东的一线。

南界:
当与宋代相近,在今通道侗族自治县南部一带。

西界:
南段因在今贵州锦屏县南部设有亮州,故今湖南靖州苗族侗族自治县西南部当不属于巫州。北段当包有今贵州天柱县区域,因宋代以后,天柱县区域曾长期在湖南境内。

北界:
约西起今贵州天柱县北,向东沿今新晃侗族自治县南界,向北,经麻阳、怀化市之间,复东南向接东界。
具体界线走向参考《中国历史地图集》唐时期黔中道幅巫州、业州界线。待详考。

⑴《旧唐书》卷40《地理三》:“巫州下。贞观八年,分辰州龙标县置巫州。其年,置夜郎、朗溪、思徵三县。九年,废思徵县。天授二年,改为沅州,分夜郎渭溪县。长安三年,割夜郎、渭溪二县置舞州。先天二年,又置潭阳县。开元十三年,改沅州为巫州。天宝元年,改为潭阳郡。乾元元年,复为巫州。“(北京,中华书局,5册,1623页)
⑵嘉庆《清一统志》卷369《沅州府二》:“龙标故城,在黔阳县治。梁置县。隋属沅陵郡。唐初属辰州,贞观八年为巫州治。后为叙州治。五代时为蛮地。宋初为黔江城。元初三年置黔阳县于此。……按《元和志》,谓唐置龙标县,因山为名。今龙标山在黔阳县城内,则今之黔阳为唐巫州治无疑。况巫州后改名叙州,以境接溆浦,亦于黔阳为近。今府治乃唐潭阳县也。旧志以今府治即唐巫州治,非也。”(《四部丛刊续编》本,商务印书馆,1934年,136册,1页)
⑶《新唐书》卷41《地理五》:开元十三年,“复为巫州,大历五年更名。”(北京,中华书局,4册,1074页)", "source uri" : "" }