{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32893", "sys_id" : "hvd_32893", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "永陽郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "永阳郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Yongyang Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "515", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "588", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "25.53730", "longitude" : "111.62051", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南道县驻地道江镇东东门乡", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "515", "end year" : "588", "parent id" : "hvd_30303", "name" : "湘州", "transcribed" : "Xiang Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "515", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_41981", "name" : "永阳县", "transcribed" : "Yongyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "555", "end_year" : "582", "child id" : "hvd_43661", "name" : "永阳县", "transcribed" : "Yongyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "515", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_41955", "name" : "泠道县", "transcribed" : "Lingdao Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "515", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_42003", "name" : "舂陵县", "transcribed" : "Chongling Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "515", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_41980", "name" : "营浦县", "transcribed" : "Yingpu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "515", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_41996", "name" : "营道县", "transcribed" : "Yingdao Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32892", "name" : "营阳郡", "transcribed" : "Yingyang Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "永阳郡(515-588年)治所和界线

南朝梁天监十四年(515年)由营阳郡改名。⑴治营浦县(今湖南道县驻地道江镇东东门乡)。辖营浦、泠道、舂陵、营道4县。⑵属湘州。约太宝元年(550年)为营州治。⑶南朝陈属湘州。⑷隋开皇九年(589年)平陈废。⑸

因在隋时期政区界线完全打乱,只能通过治所的相对位置与地形环境进行推测。

东界:
泠道县治所在今湖南蓝山县西北祠堂圩乡,因在今蓝山县驻地东北侧有南平县,故界线约在今蓝山县驻地西侧一线。

南界:
因营浦县治所在今道县驻地东,营道县治所在今湖南宁远县东南下胡家,而今道县、宁远县南部为九嶷山脉,因此,东段界线当以九嶷山脉为界。

西界:
与观阳县交界,当以今都庞岭为界。

北界:
因舂陵、泠道两县治所分别在今宁远县西侧、东侧,暂以阳明山为营阳郡北端,界线基本同今道县、宁远县北界(见《湖南省普通地图集》)。这样,营阳郡基本上处在北至阳明山,南至九嶷山,西至都庞岭的一个自然区域内。

⑴宋本《太平寰宇记》卷116《江西南道十四》:“梁天监十四年,改为永阳郡。至隋平陈,郡废,并其地置永州。”
⑵洪齮孙:《补梁疆域志》卷3有永阳县(北京,中华书局,《二十五史补编》,第4册,4420页。)检《隋书·地理志》,永阳县为平陈后并营浦、谢沐二县置,梁时并无置永阳县的记载。
⑶《梁书》卷5《元帝纪》:承圣元年十二月,“是月,营州刺史李洪雅自零陵率众出空云滩,将下讨纳,纳遣将吴藏等袭破洪雅,洪雅退守空云城。”(北京,中华书局,1册,132页)
《资治通鉴》卷164《梁纪二十》:“侯景之乱,零陵人李洪雅据其郡,上即以为营州刺史。洪雅请讨陆纳,上许之。”(北京,中华书局,11册,5095页)
按:据上引文,营州置于承圣元年(552年)前。据《陈书·元帝纪》,太清三年(549年),“三年三月,侯景寇没京师。四月,太子舍人萧歆至江陵宣密诏,以世祖为侍中、假黄钺、大都督中外诸军事、司徒、承制,余如故。是月,世祖征兵于湘州,湘州刺史河东王誉拒不遣。”从此记载观之,梁元帝已具备了设立营州的权力和客观条件,因此,暂作次年的太宝元年(550年)置。因此,此前当同南朝齐营阳郡,仍属湘州,此后改属营州。
⑷臧励和,《补陈疆域志》卷3;北京,中华书局,《二十五史补编》,第4册,4464页。
⑸《隋书》卷31《地理下》:“永阳,旧曰营阳,梁置永阳郡。平陈,郡废,并营浦、谢沐二县入焉。”(北京,中华书局,3册,896页)", "source uri" : "" }