{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32891", "sys_id" : "hvd_32891", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "永州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "永州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Yong Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "758", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1276", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "26.21034", "longitude" : "111.61256", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南永州市芝山区", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "760", "parent id" : "hvd_30207", "name" : "衡州防御使", "transcribed" : "Hengzhou Fangy" }, { "begin year" : "761", "end year" : "763", "parent id" : "hvd_30238", "name" : "荆南节度使", "transcribed" : "Jingnan Jiedus" }, { "begin year" : "764", "end year" : "768", "parent id" : "hvd_30208", "name" : "湖南观察使", "transcribed" : "Hunan Guanchas" }, { "begin year" : "769", "end year" : "882", "parent id" : "hvd_30209", "name" : "湖南观察使", "transcribed" : "Hunan Guanchas" }, { "begin year" : "883", "end year" : "884", "parent id" : "hvd_30210", "name" : "钦化军节度使", "transcribed" : "Qinhuajun Jied" }, { "begin year" : "885", "end year" : "951", "parent id" : "hvd_30211", "name" : "武安军节度使", "transcribed" : "Wuanjun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "952", "end year" : "952", "parent id" : "hvd_30212", "name" : "武平军节度使", "transcribed" : "Wupingjun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "953", "end year" : "962", "parent id" : "hvd_30213", "name" : "武安军节度使", "transcribed" : "Wuanjun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "979", "end year" : "984", "parent id" : "hvd_30170", "name" : "荆湖南路", "transcribed" : "Jinghunan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "985", "end year" : "998", "parent id" : "hvd_30172", "name" : "荆湖路", "transcribed" : "Jinghu Lu" }, { "begin year" : "999", "end year" : "1130", "parent id" : "hvd_30173", "name" : "荆湖南路", "transcribed" : "Jinghunan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1131", "end year" : "1131", "parent id" : "hvd_30175", "name" : "荆湖东路", "transcribed" : "Jinghudong Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1132", "end year" : "1275", "parent id" : "hvd_30177", "name" : "荆湖南路", "transcribed" : "Jinghunan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1276", "end year" : "1276", "parent id" : "hvd_30167", "name" : "潭州行省", "transcribed" : "Tanzhou Xingsh" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "1221", "end_year" : "1265", "child id" : "hvd_82111", "name" : "下邑县", "transcribed" : "Xiayi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "984", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41963", "name" : "东安县", "transcribed" : "Dong'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "939", "end_year" : "955", "child id" : "hvd_43772", "name" : "清湘县", "transcribed" : "Qingxiang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "956", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_43773", "name" : "清湘县", "transcribed" : "Qingxiang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "938", "child id" : "hvd_41990", "name" : "湘源县", "transcribed" : "Xiangyuan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "761", "end_year" : "938", "child id" : "hvd_43777", "name" : "灌阳县", "transcribed" : "Guanyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_42112", "name" : "祁阳县", "transcribed" : "Qiyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1221", "end_year" : "1264", "child id" : "hvd_82129", "name" : "酇县", "transcribed" : "Zan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41959", "name" : "零陵县", "transcribed" : "Lingling Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32890", "name" : "零陵郡", "transcribed" : "Lingling Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "永州(758-1276年)治所

唐乾元元年(758)改零陵郡置。⑴治零陵县(今湖南永州市芝山区城区)。领零陵、祁阳、湘源、灌阳4县。五代晋天福四年(939)割湘源、灌阳两县置全州,辖境缩小。⑵元至元十四年改为永州路。⑶

⑴晋·刘昫:《旧唐书》卷40《地理三》:“天宝元年,改为零陵郡。乾元元年,复为永州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,第5册,第1615页)
⑵《太平寰宇记》卷116《江南西道十四》:“晋天福四年,于永州清湘县置全州,仍割清湘、灌阳二县以属焉。从潭州节度使马希范之请也。”
⑶明·宋廉等:《元史》卷63《地理六》:“永州路,下。唐改零陵郡为永州,宋因之。元至元十三年,置安抚司。十四年,改永州路总管府。”(中华书局,1976年校点本,第5册,第1529页)", "source uri" : "" }