{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32867", "sys_id" : "hvd_32867", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "衡州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "衡州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Heng Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "758", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1276", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "26.90162", "longitude" : "112.59704", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南衡阳市城区", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "760", "parent id" : "hvd_30207", "name" : "衡州防御使", "transcribed" : "Hengzhou Fangy" }, { "begin year" : "761", "end year" : "763", "parent id" : "hvd_30238", "name" : "荆南节度使", "transcribed" : "Jingnan Jiedus" }, { "begin year" : "764", "end year" : "768", "parent id" : "hvd_30208", "name" : "湖南观察使", "transcribed" : "Hunan Guanchas" }, { "begin year" : "769", "end year" : "882", "parent id" : "hvd_30209", "name" : "湖南观察使", "transcribed" : "Hunan Guanchas" }, { "begin year" : "883", "end year" : "884", "parent id" : "hvd_30210", "name" : "钦化军节度使", "transcribed" : "Qinhuajun Jied" }, { "begin year" : "885", "end year" : "951", "parent id" : "hvd_30211", "name" : "武安军节度使", "transcribed" : "Wuanjun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "952", "end year" : "952", "parent id" : "hvd_30246", "name" : "武平军节度使", "transcribed" : "Wupingjun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "952", "end year" : "952", "parent id" : "hvd_30212", "name" : "武平军节度使", "transcribed" : "Wupingjun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "953", "end year" : "962", "parent id" : "hvd_30213", "name" : "武安军节度使", "transcribed" : "Wuanjun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "979", "end year" : "984", "parent id" : "hvd_30170", "name" : "荆湖南路", "transcribed" : "Jinghunan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "985", "end year" : "998", "parent id" : "hvd_30172", "name" : "荆湖路", "transcribed" : "Jinghu Lu" }, { "begin year" : "999", "end year" : "1130", "parent id" : "hvd_30173", "name" : "荆湖南路", "transcribed" : "Jinghunan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1131", "end year" : "1131", "parent id" : "hvd_30175", "name" : "荆湖东路", "transcribed" : "Jinghudong Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1132", "end year" : "1275", "parent id" : "hvd_30177", "name" : "荆湖南路", "transcribed" : "Jinghunan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1276", "end year" : "1276", "parent id" : "hvd_30167", "name" : "潭州行省", "transcribed" : "Tanzhou Xingsh" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "965", "end_year" : "1001", "child id" : "hvd_41874", "name" : "安仁县", "transcribed" : "Anren Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1002", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41875", "name" : "安仁县", "transcribed" : "Anren Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41871", "name" : "常宁县", "transcribed" : "Changning Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "906", "child id" : "hvd_41763", "name" : "攸县", "transcribed" : "You Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41864", "name" : "耒阳县", "transcribed" : "Leiyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1139", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41876", "name" : "茶陵军", "transcribed" : "Chaling Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "939", "child id" : "hvd_41772", "name" : "茶陵县", "transcribed" : "Chaling Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "973", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41772", "name" : "茶陵县", "transcribed" : "Chaling Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "939", "child id" : "hvd_41862", "name" : "衡山县", "transcribed" : "Hengshan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "947", "end_year" : "992", "child id" : "hvd_41862", "name" : "衡山县", "transcribed" : "Hengshan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41856", "name" : "衡阳县", "transcribed" : "Hengyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1211", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41878", "name" : "酃县", "transcribed" : "Ling Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32866", "name" : "衡阳郡", "transcribed" : "Hengyang Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "衡州(758—1276年)治所

唐乾元元年(758),以衡阳郡改置。⑴治衡阳县(今湖南衡阳市城区)。辖衡阳、衡山、耒阳、常宁、攸、茶陵6县。五代后梁时,攸县改属潭州,辖境缩小。其后辖境屡有变化,但治所未变。元至元十四年(1277)改置为衡州路。⑵

⑴晋·刘昫:《旧唐书》卷40《地理三》:“天宝元年,改为衡阳郡。乾元元年,复为衡州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,第5册,第1613页)
⑵明·宋廉等:《元史》卷63《地理六》:“衡州路,上。唐初为衡州,又改衡阳郡,又仍为衡州。宋因之。元至元十三年,置安抚司。十四年,改衡州路总管府。十五年,置湖南宣慰司,以衡州为治所。十八年,移司于潭,衡州隶焉。”(中华书局,1976年校点本,第5册,第1528页)", "source uri" : "" }