{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32862", "sys_id" : "hvd_32862", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "湘東郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "湘东郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Xiangdong Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "395", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "588", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "26.90162", "longitude" : "112.59704", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南衡阳市城区", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "395", "end year" : "411", "parent id" : "hvd_30266", "name" : "荆州", "transcribed" : "Jing Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "412", "end year" : "415", "parent id" : "hvd_30299", "name" : "湘州", "transcribed" : "Xiang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "416", "end year" : "421", "parent id" : "hvd_30266", "name" : "荆州", "transcribed" : "Jing Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "422", "end year" : "430", "parent id" : "hvd_30300", "name" : "湘州", "transcribed" : "Xiang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "431", "end year" : "438", "parent id" : "hvd_30266", "name" : "荆州", "transcribed" : "Jing Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "439", "end year" : "451", "parent id" : "hvd_30301", "name" : "湘州", "transcribed" : "Xiang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "452", "end year" : "452", "parent id" : "hvd_30266", "name" : "荆州", "transcribed" : "Jing Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "453", "end year" : "588", "parent id" : "hvd_30303", "name" : "湘州", "transcribed" : "Xiang Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "395", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_41843", "name" : "临烝县", "transcribed" : "Lin Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "502", "end_year" : "556", "child id" : "hvd_41867", "name" : "常宁县", "transcribed" : "Changning Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "479", "end_year" : "556", "child id" : "hvd_41761", "name" : "攸县", "transcribed" : "You Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "557", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_41762", "name" : "攸水县", "transcribed" : "Youshui Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "575", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_41857", "name" : "新城县", "transcribed" : "Xincheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "395", "end_year" : "501", "child id" : "hvd_41866", "name" : "新宁县", "transcribed" : "Xinning Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "557", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_41868", "name" : "新宁县", "transcribed" : "Xinning Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "395", "end_year" : "395", "child id" : "hvd_41885", "name" : "新平县", "transcribed" : "Xinping Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "502", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_41851", "name" : "洡阳县", "transcribed" : "Leoyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "511", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_41860", "name" : "湘潭县", "transcribed" : "Xiangtan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "465", "end_year" : "468", "child id" : "hvd_41961", "name" : "祁阳县", "transcribed" : "Qiyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "395", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_41770", "name" : "茶陵县", "transcribed" : "Chaling Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "479", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_41853", "name" : "衡山县", "transcribed" : "Hengshan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "479", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_41842", "name" : "重安县", "transcribed" : "Zhong'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "395", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_41838", "name" : "阴山县", "transcribed" : "Yinshan Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32861", "name" : "湘东郡", "transcribed" : "Xiangdong Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "湘东郡(395年—588年)治所

东晋太元二十年(395年),省酃、利阳、新平三县,⑴迁治临烝县(在今湖南衡阳市城区)。⑵南朝宋辖临烝、新宁、茶陵、湘阴、阴山等5县。⑶南朝宋泰始初,零陵郡祁阳县来属,辖境扩大。隋开皇九年(589)平陈废。⑷

⑴《宋书》卷37《州郡三》:“湘东太守,……晋世七县,孝武太元二十年,省酃(汉旧县。)、利阳、新平(张勃《吴录》有此二县,利作梨,晋作利音。)三县。”(北京,中华书局,4册,1132页)
⑵《水经·湘水注》:承水“至湘东临承县北,东注于湘,谓之承口。临承即故酃县也,县即湘东郡治也。郡旧治在湘水东,故以名郡。”(《水经注疏》,江苏古籍出版社,下册,3135页)
⑶据《宋书》卷37《州郡三》(北京,中华书局,4册,1132页。)尚有湘阴县。但湘阴县是分益阳、罗县等县地置,在长沙郡北部,不可能属湘东郡。
⑷《隋书》卷31《地理下》:“衡阳,旧置湘东郡。平陈,郡废,并省临蒸、重安三县入焉。”(北京,中华书局,3册,896页)", "source uri" : "" }