{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32859", "sys_id" : "hvd_32859", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "業州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "业州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Ye Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "758", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "769", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "27.39619", "longitude" : "109.31825", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南新晃侗族自治县驻地新晃镇东波洲镇潕水", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "761", "parent id" : "hvd_30214", "name" : "黔中采访处置经略使", "transcribed" : "Qianzhong Caif" }, { "begin year" : "762", "end year" : "762", "parent id" : "hvd_30215", "name" : "黔中观察使", "transcribed" : "Qianzhong Guan" }, { "begin year" : "763", "end year" : "768", "parent id" : "hvd_30216", "name" : "黔中采访处置经略使", "transcribed" : "Qianzhong Caif" }, { "begin year" : "769", "end year" : "769", "parent id" : "hvd_30217", "name" : "辰溪巫锦业五州都团练守", "transcribed" : "Chenxiwujinyew" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "769", "child id" : "hvd_41819", "name" : "峨山县", "transcribed" : "Eshan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "769", "child id" : "hvd_41820", "name" : "渭溪县", "transcribed" : "Weixi Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32858", "name" : "龙溪郡", "transcribed" : "Longxi Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "业州(758-770年)治所和界线

唐乾元元年(758)改龙溪郡置。治峨山县(今湖南新晃侗族自治县驻地新晃镇东波洲镇潕水北)。大历五年(770)十二月改名奖州。⑴

按:据嘉庆《清一统志》卷382《晃州直隶厅》:“唐为羁縻晃州(属黔州都督府,田氏蛮居之)。又分置奖州、龙溪郡、峨山县、渭溪县,寻废。宋熙宁七年,并入卢阳县,属沅州。”(139册,1页)又据同书卷368卷《沅州府》:“唐……又改舞州曰鹤州。二十年又改曰业州。天宝元年为龙溪郡。大历五年改巫州曰叙州,又改业州曰奖州。”(136册,1页)是清嘉庆年间的晃州直隶厅在唐代当属舞州。又据同书卷503《镇远府》:“唐长安四年,以夜郎、渭溪二县地置舞州,开元十三年更名曰鹤州。二十年又改业州。大历初更名奖州。唐末没于蛮。”(186册,1页)因唐代梓薑县治所在今贵州岑巩县至镇远县之间,因此,本州的西界当在今贵州镇远县一带。又:唐代的舞州县级政区稀少,历史文献又缺少具体的记载,因此,参考本地区此后的政区设置,对界线的走向作大致的推测。

东界:
夜郎县治所(即州治)在今湖南新晃侗族自治县驻地新晃镇西波洲镇潕水北,因此,暂以今新晃县东界画出。

南界:
据《湖南省普通地图集》新晃侗族自治县幅,新晃县南与贵州省锦屏县之间有高山相隔,暂以今新晃县南界为界。

西界:
因唐代梓薑县治所在今贵州岑巩县至镇远县之间,现暂以今贵州镇远县界为西界,因在今贵州省境内,具体界线待考。南部包括今新晃县的西界。

北界:
当包括今贵州玉屏县的北部,向东接今新晃县北界。
具体界线走向参考《中国历史地图集》唐时期黔中道幅业州界线。待详考。

⑴《元和郡县图志》卷30《江南道六》:“奖州,……本汉武阳县地,贞观八年于此置夜郎,属巫州。长安四年于此置舞州,开元十三年改为鹤州,二十年又改为业州,大历五年又改为奖州。”(北京,中华书局,753页)
《新唐书》卷41《地理五》:“将州龙溪郡,下。本舞州,长安四年以沅州之夜郎、渭溪二县置,开元十三年以‘舞’‘武’声相近,更名鹤州,二十年曰业州,大历五年又更名。”(北京,中华书局,4册,1074页)", "source uri" : "" }