{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32846", "sys_id" : "hvd_32846", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "辰州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "辰州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Chen Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "589", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "606", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "28.45819", "longitude" : "110.39697", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南沅陵县驻地", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "589", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_113617", "name" : "隋", "transcribed" : "Sui" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "589", "end_year" : "606", "child id" : "hvd_42070", "name" : "大乡县", "transcribed" : "Daxiang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "589", "end_year" : "606", "child id" : "hvd_41796", "name" : "沅陵县", "transcribed" : "Yuanling Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "589", "end_year" : "606", "child id" : "hvd_41813", "name" : "盐泉县", "transcribed" : "Yanquan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "589", "end_year" : "606", "child id" : "hvd_41807", "name" : "辰溪县", "transcribed" : "Chenxi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "589", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_41815", "name" : "静人县", "transcribed" : "Jingren Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32845", "name" : "沅陵郡", "transcribed" : "Yuanling Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "辰州(589-606年)治所和界线

隋开皇九年(589年)平陈,废沅陵郡,置辰州。⑴治沅陵县(在今湖南沅陵县驻地沅江镇),辖沅陵、大乡、盐泉、龙檦、辰溪、静人等县。寻废静人县。大业三年(607年)改置沅陵郡。⑵

东界朗州、潭州,南界桂州,西界牂州、巴州,北界施州、澧州。本阶段的辰州界线,因缺乏历史资料,只能根据此后唐代析置其它州后的范围,进行逆推,并且参考地形区画出。

东界:
北段与朗州(武陵郡)接界。《隋书·地理志》武陵县有望夷山,当即夷望山。《水经·沅水注》:“沅南县西有夷望山,孤竦中流,浮险四绝,昔有蛮民,避寇居之,故谓之夷望也。”(《水经注疏》,江苏古籍出版社,下册,3086页)杨守敬《疏》:“守敬按:《隋志》作望夷山,今谓之水心崖,在桃源县西南百二十里沅江中,两峰骨立,高数千丈,奇险难登。”今桃源县西界在夷望山西,因此桃源县西界当即隋武陵县、武陵郡西界。光绪《湖南通志》沅陵县图有麻伊洑塘、柳林汊、甕子洞塘,在《湖南省普通地图集》沅陵县东部均有。此段界线当同。向南,光绪《湖南通志》以辰龙关为沅陵县与桃源县分界处,桃源县图有沐濯铺,《湖南省普通地图集》在今沅陵县内,因此,此段界线当西移。
南段与潭州(长沙郡)接界。当以今雪峰山脉分界。

南界:
东段当基本同今湖南与广西之间的省界,略有差别。西段在今贵州省境内,待详考。

西界:
南段在今贵州省境内,待详考。向北,当为今湖南与贵州间省界,因《隋书·地理志》龙檦县有武山,据《水经·沅水注》武水出武山,故当时郡界当在武山以西,即今省界一线。北段当在今四川、湖南省界一线。

北界:
西段与庸州(清江郡)交界,当同今湖北、湖南省界。东段与澧州(澧阳郡)交界,因澧州有崇义县,治所即今湖南桑植县驻地,参考地形及水系走向,当同明清桑植县界相近,据此画出。

⑴唐·魏徵:《隋书》卷31《地理下》:“沅陵郡,开皇九年置辰州。……沅陵,旧置沅陵郡。平陈,郡废,大业初复。”(中华书局,第3册,第890页)
⑵唐·魏徵:《隋书》卷3《炀帝本纪上》:大业三年四月“壬辰,改州为郡。”(北京,中华书局,1册,67页)", "source uri" : "" }