{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32844", "sys_id" : "hvd_32844", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "通寧郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "通宁郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Tongning Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "560", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "574", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "28.45819", "longitude" : "110.39697", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南沅陵县驻地", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "560", "end year" : "574", "parent id" : "hvd_30269", "name" : "武州", "transcribed" : "Wu Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "560", "end_year" : "574", "child id" : "hvd_42070", "name" : "大乡县", "transcribed" : "Daxiang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "560", "end_year" : "574", "child id" : "hvd_41796", "name" : "沅陵县", "transcribed" : "Yuanling Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "560", "end_year" : "574", "child id" : "hvd_41813", "name" : "盐泉县", "transcribed" : "Yanquan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "560", "end_year" : "574", "child id" : "hvd_41806", "name" : "辰阳县", "transcribed" : "Chenyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "560", "end_year" : "574", "child id" : "hvd_42048", "name" : "零陵县", "transcribed" : "Lingling Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "通宁郡(560-574年)治所和界线

南朝陈天嘉元年(560)析武陵郡都尉所辖6县置。⑴治都尉城(即沅陵县,今湖南沅陵县驻地沅陵镇)。⑵为沅州治。太建七年(575),改置沅陵郡。⑶

按:东界天门郡、武陵郡、邵陵郡,南界广州,西界益州、梁州,北界建平郡。

东界:
北段与天门郡接界,因天门郡充县治所在今湖南桑植县驻地,因此界线当沿澧水上源走向,据《水经注》卷37:“酉水导源益州巴郡临江县,故武陵之充县酉源山。”(江苏古籍出版社,《水经注疏》,下册,3082页),界线当西北向至酉水源头北止。
向南,与武陵郡接界,即今桃源县与沅陵县界。光绪《湖南通志》沅陵县图有麻伊洑塘、柳林汊、甕子洞塘,在《湖南省普通地图集》沅陵县东部均有。此段界线当同。向南,光绪《湖南通志》以辰龙关为沅陵县与桃源县分界处,桃源县图有沐濯铺,《湖南省普通地图集》在今沅陵县内,因此,此段界线当西移。
向南,当沿雪峰山一线。

南界:
大部在今贵州境内,东段在今广西壮族自治区境内。现暂参考《中国历史地图集》画出,待详考。

西界:
在今贵州省境内,约在务川、德江、思南、石阡、施秉、台江等县以西一线。现暂参考《中国历史地图集》画出,待详考。

北界:
西段在今贵州、四川省境内;折北北向,仍在今四川省境内;东北向,在今湖北省咸丰县至宣恩县一线,暂按《中国历史地图集》西晋武陵郡西界画出,待详考。

⑴《陈书》卷3《世祖纪》:天嘉元年三月甲子,“其都尉所部六县为沅州。别置通宁郡,以刺史领太守,治都尉城,省旧都尉。”(北京,中华书局,1册,48页)
谭其骧:《〈补陈疆域志〉校补》:“天嘉元年,分武陵郡为二:一曰武陵,治旧郡治;一曰通宁,治旧都尉城,领都尉所部六县。”(《长水集》,人民出版社,上册,127页)
⑵《水经·沅水注》:“沅水又东迳(沅陵)县故治北,移县治,县之旧城置都尉府。因冈傍阿,势尽川陆,临沅对酉,二川之交会也。”(《水经注疏》,江苏古籍出版社,下册,3082页)
《舆地纪胜》卷75《荆湖北路》:“都尉城,《武陵记》云:在酉沅二川交互口,津渚平阔,城中远眺,行舟若树一叶也。”(北京,中华书局,3册,2496页)
嘉庆《清一统志》卷366《辰州府一》:“沅陵故城在今沅陵县西南。汉置县。陈天嘉初置沅州,徙县今治。”(135册,11页)
《水经注疏》:“会贞按:《舆地纪胜》都尉城,引《武陵记》曰,在酉、沅二川交互口,津渚平阔,城中远眺,行舟若树一叶也。《陈书·世祖纪》,天嘉元年,置武州,其刺史督沅州,领武陵太守,治武陵郡。其都尉所部六县,为沅州,别置通宁郡,以刺史领太守,治都尉城。所云治武宁郡,即上沅陵城也。所云都尉城,即沅陵县故治置都尉府者也。”(江苏古籍出版社,下册,3082页)
⑶嘉庆《清一统志》卷366《辰州府一》:“陈天嘉元年,分置沅州通宁郡。大建七年州废,改置沅陵郡。”(135册,1页)", "source uri" : "" }