{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32843", "sys_id" : "hvd_32843", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "郴州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "郴州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Chen Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "948", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1276", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "25.80272", "longitude" : "113.02514", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南郴州市区", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "979", "end year" : "984", "parent id" : "hvd_30170", "name" : "荆湖南路", "transcribed" : "Jinghunan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "985", "end year" : "998", "parent id" : "hvd_30172", "name" : "荆湖路", "transcribed" : "Jinghu Lu" }, { "begin year" : "999", "end year" : "1130", "parent id" : "hvd_30173", "name" : "荆湖南路", "transcribed" : "Jinghunan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1131", "end year" : "1131", "parent id" : "hvd_30175", "name" : "荆湖东路", "transcribed" : "Jinghudong Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1132", "end year" : "1275", "parent id" : "hvd_30177", "name" : "荆湖南路", "transcribed" : "Jinghunan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1276", "end year" : "1276", "parent id" : "hvd_30167", "name" : "潭州行省", "transcribed" : "Tanzhou Xingsh" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "948", "end_year" : "975", "child id" : "hvd_41704", "name" : "义章县", "transcribed" : "Yizhang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1229", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41697", "name" : "兴宁县", "transcribed" : "Xingning Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "976", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41705", "name" : "宜章县", "transcribed" : "Yizhang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1211", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41712", "name" : "桂东县", "transcribed" : "Guidong Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "976", "end_year" : "977", "child id" : "hvd_41710", "name" : "桂阳县", "transcribed" : "Guiyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "978", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41711", "name" : "桂阳县", "transcribed" : "Guiyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1073", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41701", "name" : "永兴县", "transcribed" : "Yongxing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "948", "end_year" : "1003", "child id" : "hvd_41823", "name" : "蓝山县", "transcribed" : "Lanshan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "948", "end_year" : "983", "child id" : "hvd_41695", "name" : "资兴县", "transcribed" : "Zixing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1209", "end_year" : "1228", "child id" : "hvd_41696", "name" : "资兴县", "transcribed" : "Zixing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "948", "end_year" : "975", "child id" : "hvd_41709", "name" : "郴义县", "transcribed" : "Chenyi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "948", "end_year" : "1275", "child id" : "hvd_41684", "name" : "郴县", "transcribed" : "Chen Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1276", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41685", "name" : "郴阳县", "transcribed" : "Chenyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "948", "end_year" : "1072", "child id" : "hvd_41700", "name" : "高亭县", "transcribed" : "Gaoting Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32842", "name" : "敦州", "transcribed" : "Dun Zhou" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "郴州(948-1276年)治所

五代汉乾祐时复改敦州为郴州。⑴治郴县(今湖南郴州市城区)。⑵领郴、高亭、义章、蓝山、郴义5县。北宋建隆四年(963年)平湖湘,地入宋。⑶太平兴国元年(976年)改郴义县为桂阳县、义章县为宜章县。领郴、桂阳、宜章、高亭、蓝山5县。⑷初属荆湖路,咸平二年(999年)属荆湖南路。⑸北宋景德元年(1004年)析蓝山县往属桂阳监,⑹辖境缩小。元至元十三年(1276年)属元,至元十四年(1277年)改置郴州路。⑺

⑴《十国春秋》卷112:“汉乾祐时复为郴州,后南汉乾和九年遣将潘崇撤败南唐兵于宜章道,取郴入焉。郴。……南亭。……义章。……蓝山。……郴义。”
按:当是汉乾祐元年(948年)。
⑵《太平寰宇记》卷117《江南西道十五》:“郴县,……晋天福初改为敦化,汉初复旧。”
⑶《舆地纪胜》卷57《荆湖南路》:“国朝平湖湘,地归版图(《九朝通略》在建隆四年)。”(中华书局,第3册,第2064页)
⑷《元丰九域志》卷6《荆湖路》:“太平兴国元年改郴义县为桂阳,义章县为宜章。景德元年以蓝山县隶桂阳监。熙宁六年改高亭县为永兴。”(中华书局,第263页)
⑸《元丰九域志》卷6《荆湖路》:“咸平二年分南、北路。”(中华书局,第258页)
⑹《元丰九域志》卷6《荆湖路》:“景德元年以蓝山县隶桂阳监。”(中华书局,第263页)
《舆地纪胜》卷61《荆湖南路》:“蓝山县,中。《国朝会要》云:景德元年自郴州来隶。”(中华书局,第3册,第2150页)
《宋会要辑稿》:“蓝山县,景德元年自郴州来隶。”(第7420页)
一作景德三年。元·脱脱:《宋史》卷88《地理四》:“蓝山。中。景德三年,自郴州来隶。”(中华书局,1977年校点本,第7册,第2201页)
⑺明·宋廉等:《元史》卷63《地理六》:“郴州路,下。唐改桂阳郡为郴州,宋因之。元至元十三年,置安抚司。十四年,改郴州路总管府。领司一、县六。”(中华书局,1976年校点本,第5册,第1530页)
《大明清类天文分野之书》卷19:“元至元初置安抚司。十四年改为郴州路,隶湖南道宣慰司。本朝为郴州,属湖广布政司。”", "source uri" : "" }