{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32835", "sys_id" : "hvd_32835", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "桂陽郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "桂阳郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Guiyang Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "28", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "57", "end rule" : "3" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "26.41507", "longitude" : "112.84689", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南耒阳市城区", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "28", "end year" : "57", "parent id" : "hvd_113654", "name" : "东汉", "transcribed" : "Donghan" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "28", "end_year" : "57", "child id" : "hvd_41829", "name" : "临武县", "transcribed" : "Linwu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "28", "end_year" : "57", "child id" : "hvd_41689", "name" : "便县", "transcribed" : "Bian Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "28", "end_year" : "57", "child id" : "hvd_41821", "name" : "南平县", "transcribed" : "Nanping Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "28", "end_year" : "57", "child id" : "hvd_42264", "name" : "含洭县", "transcribed" : "Han Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "28", "end_year" : "57", "child id" : "hvd_41781", "name" : "容陵县", "transcribed" : "Qongling Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "28", "end_year" : "57", "child id" : "hvd_42238", "name" : "曲江县", "transcribed" : "Qujiang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "28", "end_year" : "57", "child id" : "hvd_42604", "name" : "桂阳县", "transcribed" : "Guiyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "28", "end_year" : "57", "child id" : "hvd_42256", "name" : "浈阳县", "transcribed" : "Zhenyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "28", "end_year" : "57", "child id" : "hvd_41850", "name" : "耒阳县", "transcribed" : "Leiyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "28", "end_year" : "57", "child id" : "hvd_41682", "name" : "郴县", "transcribed" : "Chen Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "28", "end_year" : "57", "child id" : "hvd_41838", "name" : "阴山县", "transcribed" : "Yinshan Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32834", "name" : "桂阳郡", "transcribed" : "Guiyang Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "桂阳郡(公元28年-57年)治所

东汉建武四年(公元28年)迁治耒阳县境,⑴在今湖南耒阳市城区东南。⑵后迁回郴县。⑶

⑴晋·刘昫:《旧唐书》卷40《地理三》:“郴,汉县,属桂阳郡,汉郡理所也。后汉郡理耒阳,寻还郴。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,第5册,第1618页)
郦道元《水经注》卷39耒水:“又西北过耒阳县之东。耒阳,旧县也,盖因水以制名。王莽更名南平亭。东傍耒水,水东肥南,有郡故城。”(江苏古籍出版社,《水经注疏》,下册,第3217页)宋本《太平寰宇记》卷117《江南西道十五》:“郴州……汉高祖二年分长沙南境立桂阳郡,领县十一,理郴,属荆州。后治光武四年移理耒阳,后复还郴。”
杨守敬《水经注》按:“《旧唐志》后汉桂阳郡理耒阳,寻还郴。而宋本《寰宇记》,耒阳县西有桂阳故城。后汉建武中,自郴县移理桂阳,是此城。东又有古郡城,未详所置年代。则分城为二,并分置郡之时为二。《方舆纪要》,县东有桂阳城,后汉建武中曾移郡治此。一云城在县治西。则专指建武移郡言,而县东、县西,两存其说。又《舆地纪胜》但云郡故城在县西。《明统志》且实指建武郡治,即今西门城址。《一统志》从之。考故书雅记,除后汉外,别无移郡耒阳之事,则《寰宇记》谓县东古城未详年代者,未足凭。又郦氏全书详载故城,如果县西有郡故城,《注》必叙之,而但云水东有郡故城,则县西故城,盖后世传闻之异,当以此《注》为据。”(江苏古籍出版社,《水经注疏》,下册,第3217页)
⑵嘉庆《清一统志》卷362《衡州府一》:“桂阳郡城,在耒阳县西。《水经注》:耒水东肥水南有郡故城。《明统志》:桂阳郡城在耒阳县治西。东汉建武中,徙郡治于此。即今之西门城址云。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,134册,第18页)
⑶据《旧唐书·地理三》:“寻还郴”,因无具体年代可考,暂定在永平元年(公元58年),待详考。", "source uri" : "" }