{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32834", "sys_id" : "hvd_32834", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "桂陽郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "桂阳郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Guiyang Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "23", "begin rule" : "2", "end" : "27", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "25.80272", "longitude" : "113.02514", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南郴州市区", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "23", "end year" : "27", "parent id" : "hvd_113655", "name" : "东汉", "transcribed" : "Donghan" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "23", "end_year" : "27", "child id" : "hvd_41829", "name" : "临武县", "transcribed" : "Linwu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "23", "end_year" : "27", "child id" : "hvd_41689", "name" : "便县", "transcribed" : "Bian Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "23", "end_year" : "27", "child id" : "hvd_41821", "name" : "南平县", "transcribed" : "Nanping Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "23", "end_year" : "27", "child id" : "hvd_42264", "name" : "含洭县", "transcribed" : "Han Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "23", "end_year" : "27", "child id" : "hvd_41781", "name" : "容陵县", "transcribed" : "Qongling Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "23", "end_year" : "27", "child id" : "hvd_42238", "name" : "曲江县", "transcribed" : "Qujiang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "23", "end_year" : "27", "child id" : "hvd_42604", "name" : "桂阳县", "transcribed" : "Guiyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "23", "end_year" : "27", "child id" : "hvd_42256", "name" : "浈阳县", "transcribed" : "Zhenyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "23", "end_year" : "27", "child id" : "hvd_41850", "name" : "耒阳县", "transcribed" : "Leiyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "23", "end_year" : "27", "child id" : "hvd_41682", "name" : "郴县", "transcribed" : "Chen Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "23", "end_year" : "24", "child id" : "hvd_42601", "name" : "阳山县", "transcribed" : "Yangshan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "23", "end_year" : "27", "child id" : "hvd_41838", "name" : "阴山县", "transcribed" : "Yinshan Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32833", "name" : "南平郡", "transcribed" : "Nanping Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "桂阳郡(公元23年-27年)治所

约刘玄更始元年(公元23年)复名。⑴治郴县(今湖南郴州市城区)。东汉建武四年(公元28年)迁治耒阳县(今湖南耒阳市城区东南)。⑵

按:东界豫章郡,北界长沙国,南界南海郡,西界零陵郡。

东界:
北段当以罗霄山脉为界,即今湖南与江西省界。南段在今广东省境内,待详考。

南界:
在今广东省境内,从东向西设有浈阳、含洭、阳山、桂阳等县,治所均在今连江流域,因此界线当在此水南面,具体走向待考。

西界:
南段在今广东省境内,待详考。向北,桂阳郡有南平县,治所在今湖南蓝山县驻地东北,零陵郡有泠道县,在今湖南蓝山县西北祠堂圩乡,因此郡界当经此两点之间。又北,《汉书·地理志》载耒阳县有舂山,即今阳明山脉一带,因此界线当在今阳明山以西一带。

北界:
西段当在舂山以北、湘水以南一线。向东,桂阳郡有耒阳县,治所即今耒阳县驻地,因此界线当到达今耒阳县北界一带。又东北向,桂阳郡有阴山县,治所在今湖南攸县驻地西北荫山港一带,长沙国有容陵县西南一带,因此郡界当经攸县西部荫山港一带向南。经便县(治所在今永兴县驻地)东北折向东。《汉书·地理志》茶陵县有“泥水西入湘,行七百里。”因此泥水上流当在长沙国境内,东段郡界当在今酃县南。

⑴据统一考证,东汉恢复西汉郡县名,大多在刘玄更始元年(公元23)。
⑵晋·刘昫:《旧唐书》卷40《地理三》:“郴,汉县,属桂阳郡,汉郡理所也。后汉郡理耒阳,寻还郴。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,第5册,第1618页)
郦道元《水经注》卷39耒水:“又西北过耒阳县之东。耒阳,旧县也,盖因水以制名。王莽更名南平亭。东傍耒水,水东肥南,有郡故城。”(江苏古籍出版社,《水经注疏》,下册,第3217页)
宋本《太平寰宇记》卷117《江南西道十五》:“郴州……汉高祖二年分长沙南境立桂阳郡,领县十一,理郴,属荆州。后治光武四年移理耒阳,后复还郴。”
杨守敬《水经注》按:“《旧唐志》后汉桂阳郡理耒阳,寻还郴。而宋本《寰宇记》,耒阳县西有桂阳故城。后汉建武中,自郴县移理桂阳,是此城。东又有古郡城,未详所置年代。则分城为二,并分置郡之时为二。《方舆纪要》,县东有桂阳城,后汉建武中曾移郡治此。一云城在县治西。则专指建武移郡言,而县东、县西,两存其说。又《舆地纪胜》但云郡故城在县西。《明统志》且实指建武郡治,即今西门城址。《一统志》从之。考故书雅记,除后汉外,别无移郡耒阳之事,则《寰宇记》谓县东古城未详年代者,未足凭。又郦氏全书详载故城,如果县西有郡故城,《注》必叙之,而但云水东有郡故城,则县西故城,盖后世传闻之异,当以此《注》为据。”(江苏古籍出版社,《水经注疏》,下册,第3217页)", "source uri" : "" }