{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32832", "sys_id" : "hvd_32832", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "桂陽郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "桂阳郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Guiyang Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "-202", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "13", "end rule" : "2" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "25.80272", "longitude" : "113.02514", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南郴州市区", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "-202", "end year" : "8", "parent id" : "hvd_113652", "name" : "西汉", "transcribed" : "Xihan" }, { "begin year" : "9", "end year" : "13", "parent id" : "hvd_113653", "name" : "新莽", "transcribed" : "Xinmang" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "-202", "end_year" : "13", "child id" : "hvd_41827", "name" : "临武县", "transcribed" : "Linwu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-61", "end_year" : "13", "child id" : "hvd_41687", "name" : "便县", "transcribed" : "Bian Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-202", "end_year" : "13", "child id" : "hvd_41821", "name" : "南平县", "transcribed" : "Nanping Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-110", "end_year" : "13", "child id" : "hvd_42264", "name" : "含洭县", "transcribed" : "Han Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-124", "end_year" : "-111", "child id" : "hvd_42006", "name" : "夫夷侯国", "transcribed" : "Fuyi Houguo" }, { "begin_year" : "-48", "end_year" : "13", "child id" : "hvd_41781", "name" : "容陵县", "transcribed" : "Qongling Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-110", "end_year" : "13", "child id" : "hvd_42238", "name" : "曲江县", "transcribed" : "Qujiang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-111", "end_year" : "13", "child id" : "hvd_42604", "name" : "桂阳县", "transcribed" : "Guiyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-124", "end_year" : "-111", "child id" : "hvd_41956", "name" : "泉陵侯国", "transcribed" : "Quanling Houguo" }, { "begin_year" : "-124", "end_year" : "-111", "child id" : "hvd_41953", "name" : "泠道县", "transcribed" : "Lingdao Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-110", "end_year" : "13", "child id" : "hvd_42256", "name" : "浈阳县", "transcribed" : "Zhenyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-61", "end_year" : "13", "child id" : "hvd_41848", "name" : "耒阳县", "transcribed" : "Leiyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-124", "end_year" : "-111", "child id" : "hvd_42002", "name" : "舂陵侯国", "transcribed" : "Chongling Houguo" }, { "begin_year" : "-124", "end_year" : "-111", "child id" : "hvd_41980", "name" : "营浦县", "transcribed" : "Yingpu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-202", "end_year" : "13", "child id" : "hvd_41680", "name" : "郴县", "transcribed" : "Chen Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-124", "end_year" : "-111", "child id" : "hvd_42016", "name" : "都梁侯国", "transcribed" : "Duliang Houguo" }, { "begin_year" : "-48", "end_year" : "-21", "child id" : "hvd_41837", "name" : "阳山侯国", "transcribed" : "Yangshan Houguo" }, { "begin_year" : "-110", "end_year" : "13", "child id" : "hvd_42601", "name" : "阳山县", "transcribed" : "Yangshan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-20", "end_year" : "13", "child id" : "hvd_41838", "name" : "阴山县", "transcribed" : "Yinshan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-202", "end_year" : "-33", "child id" : "hvd_41993", "name" : "龁道县", "transcribed" : "Hedao Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "桂阳郡(前202年-13年)治所

约汉高帝五年(前202年)置。⑴治郴县(今湖南郴州市城区)。属长沙国。文帝后元七年(前157年),属汉。⑵领郴、临武、便、南平、耒阳、桂阳等县。武帝元光六年(前129年)七月,封长沙定王子福为容陵侯,来属,辖境扩大。约新莽天凤元年(公元14),王莽改名南平郡。⑶

⑴东汉·班固:《汉书》卷28上《地理志上》:“桂阳郡,高帝置。莽曰南平。属荆州。”(中华书局,1962年西北大学历史系校点本,第6册,第1594页)
周振鹤《西汉政区地理》:“高帝五年或稍后,分长沙郡南部边县置桂阳郡。”(北京,人民出版社,1987年,第127页)
一说汉高帝二年(前205年)置。《水经》卷39《耒水注》:“郴,旧县也,桂阳郡治也,汉高帝二年分长沙置。”(《水经注疏》本,江苏古籍出版社,下册,第3213页)
宋本《太平寰宇记》卷117《江南西道十五》:“郴州,……《史记》:项羽徙义帝于长沙,都郴。即此地。汉高祖二年,分长沙南境立桂阳郡。”
⑵周振鹤《西汉政区地理》:“从《史记·诸侯王表》知吴姓长沙国分设南边郡,从文帝赐赵佗书又可推测此边郡至迟置于吕后间。《汉志》云桂阳郡高帝置,甚为可信。桂阳郡虽分置,但仍属长沙国管辖,非为天子所有。《史记·南越列传》载,吕后时,赵佗‘发兵攻长沙边邑,败数县而去焉’。此数县必属桂阳边郡,但仍系以长沙,因桂阳乃长沙地也。王国维氏不明此理,力辩长沙国与南越之间不可能存在属汉之桂阳郡,实则无需辩解,因班固未曾说桂阳郡属汉。至于‘长沙在文帝时不过二万五千户,势不能分置三郡’之说(见《汉郡考》),亦嫌过于武断。边郡之设,主要是为了防御,一般都是县多户省,自秦以来,即是如此,下及盛唐,边县亦有仅数百户者。何况贾谊二万五千户之语,尚需认真推敲。故桂阳边郡置于汉初,信其有征也。颇疑其置于汉五年始封吴芮之时,但无确证,暂以高帝置为说。”(北京,人民出版社,1987年,第121页)又:“文帝后元七年,长沙王无后,国除。桂阳郡属汉。”(同上,第127页)
⑶东汉·班固:《汉书》卷28上《地理志上》:“桂阳郡,高帝置。莽曰南平。属荆州。”(中华书局,1962年西北大学历史系校点本,第6册,第1594页)", "source uri" : "" }