{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32828", "sys_id" : "hvd_32828", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "岳陽郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "岳阳郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Yueyang Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "531", "begin rule" : "5", "end" : "588", "end rule" : "3" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "28.81172", "longitude" : "113.08084", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南汩罗市驻地东长乐镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "531", "end year" : "551", "parent id" : "hvd_30303", "name" : "湘州", "transcribed" : "Xiang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "552", "end year" : "556", "parent id" : "hvd_30272", "name" : "罗州", "transcribed" : "Luo Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "552", "end year" : "556", "parent id" : "hvd_30286", "name" : "罗州", "transcribed" : "Luo Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "557", "end year" : "588", "parent id" : "hvd_30303", "name" : "湘州", "transcribed" : "Xiang Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "558", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_42094", "name" : "吴昌县", "transcribed" : "Wuchang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "531", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_41745", "name" : "岳阳县", "transcribed" : "Yueyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "531", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_41747", "name" : "湘滨县", "transcribed" : "Xiangbin Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "531", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_41748", "name" : "湘阴县", "transcribed" : "Xiangyin Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "531", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_41746", "name" : "玉山县", "transcribed" : "Yushan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "531", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_41775", "name" : "罗县", "transcribed" : "Luo Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "岳阳郡(531-588年)治所

南朝梁武帝时置。⑴治岳阳县(今湖南汩罗市驻地东长乐镇)。⑵辖岳阳、湘阴、罗、玉山、湘滨5县。⑶属罗州。南朝陈时,吴昌县来属,辖区扩大,此时岳阳郡改属湘州。⑷


⑴《梁书》卷3《武帝纪下》:中大通三年六月,立“曲阿公詧为岳阳郡王”。(北京,中华书局,1册,75页)
洪齮孙,《补梁疆域志》卷3:“岳阳郡,《隋志》:湘阴,梁置岳阳郡。《通典》:秦罗县地,梁置岳阳郡。案:郡,梁置为王国。《梁书·武纪》:中大通三年六月癸丑立昭明太子子曲阿詧公为岳阳郡王,是也。领县四。”(北京,中华书局,《二十五史补编》,第4册,4411页。)
按:暂作中大通三年(531年)置。
⑵光绪《湘阴县图志》卷6《沿革表》:“岳阳郡当治今长乐(案:县东北长乐镇正当天岳山之阳,岳阳之名所由放也。长乐镇亦有旧城遗址,名古城,疑即梁岳阳郡治。”
《湖南省志》第2卷《沿革》:“长乐古城在县治东北长乐镇,遗址尚存。光绪《湖南通志》:‘案县志,湘阴故罗城二:一在县北六十里汨水南之小洲,曰古罗城,当为汉以前罗县治;一在县北一百零五里长乐市后。长乐适当天岳山东南,岳阳之名实[日方]于此,故城遗址当为梁岳阳郡治。’《嘉庆一统志》:‘罗州治岳阳郡,则罗县当亦徙治此,是长乐故城为梁罗县治也。’(卷41)长乐镇又名长乐街,一名望京镇,古驿道所经,今为县东北大市镇。”(湖南人民出版社,上册,572页)
⑶洪齮孙,《补梁疆域志》卷3仅有4县,罗县属长沙郡,吴昌属巴陵郡(北京,中华书局,《二十五史补编》,第4册,4419页。)但罗县在湘阴县之东、吴昌县西北,从地理方位看应该在岳阳郡内。
⑷臧励和,《补陈疆域志》卷3:“吴昌,吴改曰吴昌,宋、齐以后俱因之。梁、陈属岳阳郡。”(北京,中华书局,《二十五史补编》,第4册,4464页)
按:吴昌县在南朝时的隶属,现很难考查清楚。本处暂采《补梁疆域志》、《补陈疆域志》不同说法,作中间有改隶。暂作陈永定二年(558)改隶。", "source uri" : "" }