{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32827", "sys_id" : "hvd_32827", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "漢昌郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "汉昌郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Hanchang Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "210", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "221", "end rule" : "3" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "28.57345", "longitude" : "113.65891", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南平江县驻地汉昌镇东南安定镇金铺观", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "210", "end year" : "218", "parent id" : "hvd_30254", "name" : "荆州", "transcribed" : "Jing Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "219", "end year" : "221", "parent id" : "hvd_30255", "name" : "荆州", "transcribed" : "Jing Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "210", "end_year" : "221", "child id" : "hvd_41729", "name" : "刘阳县", "transcribed" : "Liuyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "210", "end_year" : "221", "child id" : "hvd_42093", "name" : "汉昌县", "transcribed" : "Hanchang Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "汉昌郡(210-221年)治所和界线

东汉建安十五年(210)析长沙郡置。治汉昌县(今湖南平江县驻地汉昌镇东南安定镇金铺观)。大约领汉昌、下隽、刘阳、州陵4县。约东汉末废。⑴

按:下隽县治所在今湖北通城县驻地西北,汉昌县治所在今湖南平江县驻地汉昌镇东南安定镇金铺观,刘阳县治所在今湖南浏阳县驻地东75里居仁镇,州陵县治所在今湖北嘉鱼县驻地长江北岸。
据上,汉昌郡地跨今湖北、湖南两省。在今湖南省区域内,主要以平江平为主,兼及浏阳县一部分。

东界:北段在今湖北省境内,待考。南段以今湖南省界画出。

西界:南段暂以今浏阳市东部七宝山乡、官渡镇一线为界,向北经今平江县驻地汉昌镇西,转以今平江县界为界,再北以今湖北、湖南省界为界,北段在湖北省地境内,待考。

北界:在今湖北省境内,待考。

⑴《三国志·吴志·孙权传》:建安十五年,“分长沙为汉昌郡,以鲁肃为太守,屯陆口。”(北京,中华书局,5册,1118页)
又,《吕蒙传》:“鲁肃卒,蒙西屯陆口,肃军人马万余尽以属蒙。又拜汉昌太守,食下隽、浏阳、汉昌、州陵。”(同上,5册,1277页)
吴增仅,《三国郡县表》卷八:“汉昌郡。《吴志·孙权传》:建安十五年分长沙置,鲁肃为太守,屯陆口,建安末年罢省。汉昌。余县未详,疑即吕蒙为太守时所令汉昌、刘阳、下雋、州陵四县也。”(《二十五史补编》,3册,2953页)
李晓杰,《东汉政区地理》:“献帝建安十五年,长沙郡析置汉昌郡。《吴志·孙权传》载:‘建安十五年,分长沙为汉昌郡,以鲁肃为太守,屯陆口。’汉昌郡之领域,于史无载,在此仅做一推测。陆口位于长沙郡北端,而汉昌由上文知乃由罗县析置,且汉昌郡自当包括汉昌县,故由地望推测,汉昌郡当割长沙北境置,该郡至少领有汉昌及其以北的下隽二县。吴增仅则疑汉昌郡之领域,即吕蒙为汉昌太守时所食之汉昌、下隽、刘阳、州陵四县(《三国郡县表》卷八),待考。
汉昌郡之设,盖系军事目的,为防御刘备而置。《吴志·鲁肃传》载肃与关羽相拒益阳,同书《吕蒙传》载蒙为汉昌太守时,‘与关羽分土接境’,皆可为证。至建安二十四年,关羽败,荆州属吴,吕蒙任南郡太守,此后遂不闻汉昌郡之名,故颇疑汉昌郡废于此时,汉昌属县亦当随之还属长沙。”(山东教育出版社,213页)
按:据上引,暂以三国吴大帝黄武元年(222年)为废汉昌郡之年。", "source uri" : "" }