{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32826", "sys_id" : "hvd_32826", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "潭州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "潭州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Tan Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "930", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1276", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "28.19820", "longitude" : "112.97813", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南长沙市城区", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "930", "end year" : "951", "parent id" : "hvd_30211", "name" : "武安军节度使", "transcribed" : "Wuanjun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "952", "end year" : "952", "parent id" : "hvd_30212", "name" : "武平军节度使", "transcribed" : "Wupingjun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "953", "end year" : "962", "parent id" : "hvd_30213", "name" : "武安军节度使", "transcribed" : "Wuanjun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "979", "end year" : "984", "parent id" : "hvd_30170", "name" : "荆湖南路", "transcribed" : "Jinghunan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "985", "end year" : "998", "parent id" : "hvd_30172", "name" : "荆湖路", "transcribed" : "Jinghu Lu" }, { "begin year" : "999", "end year" : "1130", "parent id" : "hvd_30173", "name" : "荆湖南路", "transcribed" : "Jinghunan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1131", "end year" : "1131", "parent id" : "hvd_30175", "name" : "荆湖东路", "transcribed" : "Jinghudong Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1132", "end year" : "1275", "parent id" : "hvd_30177", "name" : "荆湖南路", "transcribed" : "Jinghunan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1276", "end year" : "1276", "parent id" : "hvd_30167", "name" : "潭州行省", "transcribed" : "Tanzhou Xingsh" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "1098", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41718", "name" : "善化县", "transcribed" : "Shanhua Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "977", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41790", "name" : "宁乡县", "transcribed" : "Ningxiang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1073", "end_year" : "1129", "child id" : "hvd_41722", "name" : "安化县", "transcribed" : "Anhua Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1130", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41723", "name" : "安化县", "transcribed" : "Anhua Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "965", "end_year" : "972", "child id" : "hvd_41721", "name" : "常丰县", "transcribed" : "Changfeng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "930", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41764", "name" : "攸县", "transcribed" : "You Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "930", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41731", "name" : "浏阳县", "transcribed" : "Liuyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "930", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41742", "name" : "湘乡县", "transcribed" : "Xiangxiang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "930", "end_year" : "1126", "child id" : "hvd_41735", "name" : "湘潭县", "transcribed" : "Xiangtan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1127", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41736", "name" : "湘潭县", "transcribed" : "Xiangtan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "993", "end_year" : "1130", "child id" : "hvd_41750", "name" : "湘阴县", "transcribed" : "Xiangyin Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1131", "end_year" : "1134", "child id" : "hvd_41751", "name" : "湘阴县", "transcribed" : "Xiangyin Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1135", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41752", "name" : "湘阴县", "transcribed" : "Xiangyin Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "930", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41757", "name" : "益阳县", "transcribed" : "Yiyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "940", "end_year" : "972", "child id" : "hvd_41772", "name" : "茶陵县", "transcribed" : "Chaling Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "940", "end_year" : "946", "child id" : "hvd_41862", "name" : "衡山县", "transcribed" : "Hengshan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "993", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41862", "name" : "衡山县", "transcribed" : "Hengshan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "930", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41726", "name" : "醴陵县", "transcribed" : "Ling Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "930", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41717", "name" : "长沙县", "transcribed" : "Changsha Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "950", "end_year" : "962", "child id" : "hvd_41720", "name" : "龙喜县", "transcribed" : "Longxi Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32825", "name" : "长沙府", "transcribed" : "Changsha Fu" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "潭州(930-1276)治所

五代后唐长兴元年(930)改长沙府置。⑴治长沙县(今湖南长沙市区)。领长沙、湘潭、益阳、湘乡、醴陵、浏阳、攸县。五代晋天福五年(940),衡州衡山县来属。其后辖境屡有变化,但治所未变。元至元十四年(1277)改为潭州路。⑵

⑴《资治通鉴》卷277:后唐长兴元年十一月“丙戌,马希声袭位,称遗命去建国之制,复藩镇之旧。”
⑵《大明清类天文分野之书》卷19:“元至元十四年改为潭州路,属湖广行省。”
明·宋廉等:《元史》卷63《地理六》:“天临路,上。唐为潭州长沙郡。宋为湖南安抚司。元至元十三年,立安抚司。十四年,立行省,改潭州路总管府。”(中华书局,1976年校点本,第5册,第1527——1528页)", "source uri" : "" }