{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32817", "sys_id" : "hvd_32817", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "填蠻郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "填蛮郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Tianman Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "14", "begin rule" : "2", "end" : "22", "end rule" : "2" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "28.19820", "longitude" : "112.97813", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南长沙市城区", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "14", "end year" : "22", "parent id" : "hvd_113653", "name" : "新莽", "transcribed" : "Xinmang" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "14", "end_year" : "22", "child id" : "hvd_41769", "name" : "声乡县", "transcribed" : "Shengxiang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "14", "end_year" : "22", "child id" : "hvd_40904", "name" : "安宁县", "transcribed" : "Anning Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "14", "end_year" : "22", "child id" : "hvd_40933", "name" : "思成县", "transcribed" : "Sicheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "14", "end_year" : "22", "child id" : "hvd_41715", "name" : "抚睦县", "transcribed" : "Fumu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "14", "end_year" : "22", "child id" : "hvd_41761", "name" : "攸县", "transcribed" : "You Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "14", "end_year" : "22", "child id" : "hvd_42013", "name" : "昭陵县", "transcribed" : "Zhaoling Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "14", "end_year" : "22", "child id" : "hvd_41777", "name" : "湘南县", "transcribed" : "Xiangnan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "14", "end_year" : "22", "child id" : "hvd_41755", "name" : "益阳县", "transcribed" : "Yiyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "14", "end_year" : "22", "child id" : "hvd_41775", "name" : "罗县", "transcribed" : "Luo Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "14", "end_year" : "22", "child id" : "hvd_41776", "name" : "连道县", "transcribed" : "Liandao Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "14", "end_year" : "22", "child id" : "hvd_41877", "name" : "酃县", "transcribed" : "Ling Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "14", "end_year" : "22", "child id" : "hvd_43440", "name" : "闰隽县", "transcribed" : "Runjuan Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32816", "name" : "长沙郡", "transcribed" : "Changsha Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "填蛮郡(公元14-22年)治所和界线

新莽天凤元年(公元14年),改长沙郡为填蛮郡。⑴治抚睦县(今湖南长沙市城区)。刘玄更始元年(公元23年)复置长沙国。⑵

东界:
填蛮郡与九江郡之间界线,基本与今省界相同,只有安成县一带与今不同。

南界:
西端,零陵郡北部有夫夷、泉陵等县,因此即这些县的北界。夫夷县治所见前,泉陵县治所即今永州市驻地。因此,界线当在这些市县的北侧。因流经夫夷县治的资水,其在这一段的支流,多呈西北-东南向;且在夫夷县北有昭陵县治,治所即今邵阳市城区。由此,西端界线当从雪峰山起,西南向经过夫夷县治、昭陵县治之间。因昭阳侯国治所在今湖南邵东县黄陂桥乡同意村城墙园,烝阳县治所在今衡阳市西北,界线当转东北向,经今邵东县北、双峰县西北。又穿过今湘乡县北,复折南,经今衡阳市东。因阴山县治所在今攸县西,因此界线当经今耒阳县北,东北向,折南经今攸县西。向东经今嘉禾、桂阳以北,经今永兴、郴州之间,又东北向经郴县北,复折东至今湖南酃县南界止。

西界:
北段:即武陵郡东界,在资水流域与沅水流域之间。索、孱陵、临沅三县改属武陵郡。界线向东移。最北有孱陵县,治所在今湖北公安县驻地西。因此,东界当经今公安县驻地西。又西北向经今宜都县(西汉时已置有夷道县)西、长阳县东(西汉时在长阳县西已设有佷山县)止。因此段界线已在今湖北境内,具体走向待考。,向南,为索县(东汉改名汉寿县,三国改名吴寿县。治所在今湖南常德市鼎城区断港头乡城址村);三国吴又置龙阳县(治所即今湖南汉寿县驻地)。因此,东界南段即龙阳县、吴寿县东界。向西,经临沅县南,大致经今汉寿县治南一带。东汉时,在今湖南桃源县驻地东侧建有沅南县,但此沅南县之区域原属何县,未见史料记载。参考本地区的地形,暂以清代桃源县、石门县东界为武陵郡的东界。向西南,为武陵县(今常德市)与益阳县、安化县界。光绪《湖南通志》武陵县图在县南界有九龙山,《湖南古今地名辞典》之《常德市市区地名图》(282页)在县南界亦有九龙山,古今界线当同。又西南,为桃源县与安化县界,界线沿山脉走向而成。光绪《湖南通志》桃源县南有乌云界在界线上,《湖南省地图册》桃源县幅在县南界线上也有乌云界,高1028米。参考山脉南北两侧水系走向,此段界线古今相同。向南,当以雪峰山脉为界。

北界:
因华容、州陵两县已改属南郡,界线南移。西段当在今湖南华容县治北,东部当在今长沙一长,向东在今湖北通城县东一带。

⑴《汉书》卷28下《地理志第八下》:“长沙国,秦郡,高帝五年为国。莽曰填蛮。”(北京,中华书局,第6册,第1639页)
⑵据考证,约刘玄更始元年前后恢复汉代旧制。又,《后汉书·光武帝传》:建武十三年二月,“丙辰,诏曰:‘长沙王兴、真定王得、河间王邵、中山王茂、皆袭爵为王,不应经义。其以兴为临湘侯。”则东汉初当恢复长沙国建制。", "source uri" : "" }