{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32814", "sys_id" : "hvd_32814", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "長沙郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "长沙郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Changsha Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "-48", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "-47", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "28.19820", "longitude" : "112.97813", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南长沙市城区", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "-48", "end year" : "-47", "parent id" : "hvd_113652", "name" : "西汉", "transcribed" : "Xihan" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "-48", "end_year" : "-47", "child id" : "hvd_41714", "name" : "临湘县", "transcribed" : "Linxiang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-48", "end_year" : "-47", "child id" : "hvd_40902", "name" : "安平侯国", "transcribed" : "Anping Houguo" }, { "begin_year" : "-48", "end_year" : "-47", "child id" : "hvd_40932", "name" : "安成县", "transcribed" : "Ancheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-48", "end_year" : "-47", "child id" : "hvd_41879", "name" : "承阳县", "transcribed" : "Chengyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-48", "end_year" : "-47", "child id" : "hvd_41761", "name" : "攸县", "transcribed" : "You Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-48", "end_year" : "-47", "child id" : "hvd_42013", "name" : "昭陵县", "transcribed" : "Zhaoling Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-48", "end_year" : "-47", "child id" : "hvd_41777", "name" : "湘南县", "transcribed" : "Xiangnan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-48", "end_year" : "-47", "child id" : "hvd_41755", "name" : "益阳县", "transcribed" : "Yiyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-48", "end_year" : "-47", "child id" : "hvd_41775", "name" : "罗县", "transcribed" : "Luo Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-48", "end_year" : "-47", "child id" : "hvd_41768", "name" : "茶陵县", "transcribed" : "Chaling Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-48", "end_year" : "-47", "child id" : "hvd_41776", "name" : "连道县", "transcribed" : "Liandao Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-48", "end_year" : "-47", "child id" : "hvd_41877", "name" : "酃县", "transcribed" : "Ling Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32813", "name" : "长沙国", "transcribed" : "Changsha Guo" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "长沙郡(前48年-前47年)治所和界线

西汉初元元年(前48年),炀王旦薨,无子,长沙国除,⑴改置长沙郡。初元三年(前46年),复立刘旦弟刘宗为长沙国孝王。⑵

按:安平侯国在今江西安福县东南,阳山侯国当即此后的阴山县,在今攸县西。因此,东界、南界有所变化。

东界:
长沙郡与豫章郡之间界线,基本与今省界相同,只有安成县一带与今不同。

南界:
西段即零陵郡北界。零陵郡北部有夫夷、泉陵等县,因此即这些县的北界。夫夷县治所见前,泉陵县治所即今永州市驻地。因此,界线当在这些市县的北侧。因流经夫夷县治的资水,其在这一段的支流,多呈西北-东南向;且在夫夷县北有昭陵县治,治所即今邵阳市城区。由此,西端界线当从雪峰山起,西南向经过夫夷县治、昭陵县治之间。转东北向,钟武县治所在今湖南衡阳县驻地西北,界线当经今衡阳市境。复向南,经今常宁县境,接东段。
东段因阴山县划属桂阳郡,界线北移。阴山县治所在今攸县西,因此界线当经今耒阳县北,东北向,折南经今攸县西。向东经今嘉禾、桂阳以北,经今永兴、郴州之间,又东北向经郴县北,复折东至今湖南酃县南界止。

西界:
因夫夷侯国、都梁侯国改属零陵郡,参照地形、水系走向,当南起今溆浦县东南,向北沿雪峰山为界。再北,即武陵郡东界,当在资水流域与沅水流域之间。东北向,因武陵郡有临沅县,长沙国有益阳县,参考地形,界线当在今汉寿县驻地以南一带。因索、孱陵、临沅三县改属武陵郡,界线向东移。向东经索县(东汉改名汉寿县,三国改名吴寿县。治所在今湖南常德市鼎城区断港头乡城址村),复向北。最北有孱陵县,治所在今湖北公安县驻地西。因此,东界当经今公安县驻地西。

北界:
因华容、州陵两县已改属南郡,界线南移。西段当在今湖南华容县治北,东部当在今长沙一长,向东在今湖北通城县东一带。

⑴《汉书》卷14《诸侯王表第二》:“黄龙元年,炀王旦嗣,二年薨,亡后。”(北京,中华书局,第2册,第413页)
又:卷53《长沙定王传》:“子炀王旦嗣,二年薨。无子,绝岁余。元帝初元三年复立旦北宗,是为孝王,五年薨。”(北京,中华书局,第8册,第2427页)
周振鹤:《西汉政区地理》第10章《长沙国沿革》:“元帝初元元年间,长沙炀王旦薨,无后,长沙国绝岁余。”(北京,人民出版社,第127页)
⑵《汉书》卷53《长沙定王传》:“元帝初元三年复立旦弟宗,是为孝王,五年薨。子鲁人嗣,王莽时绝。”(北京,中华书局,第8册,第2427页)
一作初元四年(前45年)。《汉书》卷14《诸侯王表第二》:“初元四年,孝王宗以剌王子绍封,三年薨。”(北京,中华书局,第2册,第413页)", "source uri" : "" }