{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32612", "sys_id" : "hvd_32612", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "鄱陽郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "鄱阳郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Poang Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "280", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "478", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "29.57849", "longitude" : "116.76659", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "江西波阳北石门街镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "280", "end year" : "290", "parent id" : "hvd_30056", "name" : "扬州", "transcribed" : "Yang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "291", "end year" : "316", "parent id" : "hvd_30121", "name" : "江州", "transcribed" : "Jiang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "317", "end year" : "325", "parent id" : "hvd_30122", "name" : "江州", "transcribed" : "Jiang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "326", "end year" : "339", "parent id" : "hvd_30123", "name" : "江州", "transcribed" : "Jiang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "340", "end year" : "340", "parent id" : "hvd_30124", "name" : "江州", "transcribed" : "Jiang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "341", "end year" : "342", "parent id" : "hvd_30125", "name" : "江州", "transcribed" : "Jiang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "343", "end year" : "418", "parent id" : "hvd_30126", "name" : "江州", "transcribed" : "Jiang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "419", "end year" : "478", "parent id" : "hvd_30127", "name" : "江州", "transcribed" : "Jiang Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "280", "end_year" : "315", "child id" : "hvd_41198", "name" : "上饶县", "transcribed" : "Shangrao Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "410", "end_year" : "478", "child id" : "hvd_41199", "name" : "上饶县", "transcribed" : "Shangrao Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "280", "end_year" : "478", "child id" : "hvd_41174", "name" : "乐安县", "transcribed" : "Le'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "420", "end_year" : "478", "child id" : "hvd_41171", "name" : "余干县", "transcribed" : "Yugan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "280", "end_year" : "419", "child id" : "hvd_41170", "name" : "余汗县", "transcribed" : "Yugan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "313", "end_year" : "313", "child id" : "hvd_41188", "name" : "兴安县", "transcribed" : "Xingan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "280", "end_year" : "423", "child id" : "hvd_41244", "name" : "历陵县", "transcribed" : "Liling Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "280", "end_year" : "478", "child id" : "hvd_41196", "name" : "广晋县", "transcribed" : "Guangjin Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "280", "end_year" : "419", "child id" : "hvd_41245", "name" : "晋兴县", "transcribed" : "Jinxing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "280", "end_year" : "478", "child id" : "hvd_41202", "name" : "葛阳县", "transcribed" : "Geyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "280", "end_year" : "420", "child id" : "hvd_41194", "name" : "鄡阳县", "transcribed" : "QiaoYang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "280", "end_year" : "478", "child id" : "hvd_41166", "name" : "鄱阳县", "transcribed" : "Yang Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32611", "name" : "鄱阳郡", "transcribed" : "Poyang Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "鄱阳郡(280-478年)治所(赵永复编写)

西晋太康元年(280年)改广昌为广晋,移鄱阳郡治广晋(治今波阳北石门街镇),辖广晋、鄱阳、乐安(治今德兴东北银城畈)、余汗(今余干)、鄡阳(治今都昌东南泗山)、历陵(今德安)、葛阳(今弋阳)、上饶、晋兴(今贵溪)九县(1)。永嘉七年(313年)析余汗县置兴安县(约治今余江北锦江镇),旋废;约建兴四年(316年)废上饶,约东晋义熙六年(410年)复置上饶(2)。南朝宋永初元年(420年)余汗称余干,省晋兴,二年(421年)废鄡阳(3),元嘉元年(424)省历陵(4),辖境缩小。约南朝齐建初元年(479年)鄱阳郡复移治鄱阳(5)。

注:
(1)《晋书》卷15《地理志下》。北京,中华书局,1974年,2册,462页。《宋书》卷36《州郡志二》。北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1088页。《清嘉庆一统志》卷312《饶州府二·古迹》:广晋故城“三国吴置广昌县,晋太康元年改曰广晋,移鄱阳郡来治。”(商务印书馆,1934年,《四部丛刊续编》,115册,1页。)《南齐书》卷14《州郡志上》。北京,中华书局,1972年,261页。
(2)《晋书》卷15《地理志下》鄱阳郡下不载上饶。(462页)《宋书》卷36《州郡志二》:鄱阳太守上饶“吴立,《太康地志》有,王隐《地道》无。”(1088页。)毕沅《晋太康三年地记》有。(商务印书馆,《丛书集成初编》,29页。)《晋志》州县大致以太康三年为断,则《晋志》缺载,王隐《晋书》撰于太兴初(318年后),已属东、西晋之交,见《晋书》卷82《王隐传》、(7册,2143页。)毕沅《晋书地道记》序。(《丛书集成初编》)今作西晋有,末年(建兴四年)废。洪亮吉《东晋疆域志》卷2鄱阳郡晋兴县下云:“按《宋书·虞丘进传》庐循遣将英纠为上饶令,千余人守故城,循又权时立令也。”(《二十五史补编》,北京,中华书局,1956年,3册,3618页。)按:《宋书》卷25《天文志三》:义熙六年“鄱阳太守虞丘进破贼别帅于上饶。”(3册,732页。)庐循遣将为上饶令亦当在义熙六年,鄱阳太守取其地后县疑不废,此年至宋初仅十年,《州郡志》有,但不记置于何年,今姑作东晋义熙六年复置。
(3)《晋书》卷15《地理志下》鄱阳郡有晋兴县。(462页。)又见洪亮吉《东晋疆域志》卷2。(3册,3618页。)《宋书》卷36《州郡志二》鄱阳太守下无此县。(1088页。)按:姑作国初所置,晋泰始元年十二月受禅,故作次年置此县,南朝宋永初元年东晋亡,姑作其年县废。《太平寰宇记》卷107《江南西道五》:饶州鄱阳县“废鄡阳县在县西北一百二十里。按《鄱阳记》云,汉高帝六年置,宋永初二年废。”(金陵书局,清光绪八年刊本,7页)
(4)《宋书》卷36《州郡志二》:鄱阳太守“《永初郡国》有历陵县,汉旧县,何志无。”(1088页。)《清嘉庆一统志》卷318《九江府一·古迹》历陵故城:“宋元嘉初省。”(318册,17页。)按:南朝宋永初仅三年,永初接景平为一年,其后即为元嘉,何(承天)志断限为元嘉二十年(《宋书·州郡志》巴陵太守条,1126页)其相邻鄡阳县永初二年废,故据《清统志》姑作元嘉元年(424年)废历陵。
(5)《宋书·州郡志》鄱阳太守首县为广晋。《南齐书》卷14《州郡志上》鄱阳郡首县为鄱阳。(北京,中华书局,1972年,1册,261页。)今作齐初建元元年还治鄱阳。", "source uri" : "" }