{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32608", "sys_id" : "hvd_32608", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "九江府", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "九江府", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Jiujiang Fu", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "府", "alternate name" : "府", "transcription" : "fu", "English" : "superior prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1361", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1911", "end rule" : "6" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "29.72236", "longitude" : "115.98568", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "江西九江市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1361", "end year" : "1375", "parent id" : "hvd_30142", "name" : "江西行省", "transcribed" : "Jiangxi Xingsh" }, { "begin year" : "1376", "end year" : "1644", "parent id" : "hvd_30143", "name" : "江西布政使司", "transcribed" : "Jiangxi Buzhen" }, { "begin year" : "1645", "end year" : "1911", "parent id" : "hvd_30144", "name" : "江西省", "transcribed" : "Jiangxi Sheng" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "1361", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_41158", "name" : "彭泽县", "transcribed" : "Pengze Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1361", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_41149", "name" : "德化县", "transcribed" : "Dehua Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1361", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_41150", "name" : "德安县", "transcribed" : "Dean Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1361", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_41153", "name" : "湖口县", "transcribed" : "Hukou Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1361", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_41152", "name" : "瑞昌县", "transcribed" : "Ruichang Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32607", "name" : "江州路", "transcribed" : "Jiangzhou Lu" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "九江府(1361-1911年)治所和界线(赵永复编写)

元至正二十一年(1361年)朱元璋改九江路为九江府,治德化(今江西九江市),辖德化、彭泽、湖口、德安、瑞昌五县,1912年废。
东界安徽建德、东流(今东至县北部),北邻长江、湖北兴国州(今阳新),西接南昌府武宁,南至武宁、南康府建昌(今永修西北艾城)、星子、都昌及饶州府鄱阳(今波阳)。
清同治七年《江西全省舆图》卷13九江府:东彭泽县大泊湖东岸、大浩山接东流,青山桥接建德;北彭泽县过江刘家牌、横坝头接安徽宿松,德化县渡江东小池口、北孔垅镇、西陆家嘴接湖北黄梅县,瑞昌县界首铺、下雾岭、肇陈口接兴国州;南瑞昌县界首接武宁,德安县横山堡、拖口岭接建昌,德化吴章岭接星子,湖口西洋桥、流芳市接都昌,彭泽武山接都昌、萧家岭接鄱阳、红旗界接鄱阳、建德(1)。明嘉靖《九江府志》卷1:东抵池州府东流县浩山,南抵南康府星子县吴障山;德化县,北至湖广蕲州黄梅县孔家垅;彭泽县东抵东流县香口镇;瑞昌县北抵湖广黄州府广济县武家穴;德安县,西抵武宁县杨梅岭,南抵建昌县驿南铺;湖口县南至都昌县土目河(2)。
上述地名大都可考(3),据上,明、清以来,有三处与今不同:一、今九江市庐山区积余桥稍北吴障岭为星子与九江府德化界,以南为星子县地(4)。二、今安徽宿松南刘家牌、横坝一线以南属九江府。三、北界至今湖北小池口、孔垅、陆家嘴之间地。
瑞昌(今市)桥栅以西乐园河流域原属湖北省(5),画出境外。

注:
(1)《中国方志丛书》华中地方102号,成文出版社有限公司,3册,1121-1203页。
(2)《天一阁藏明代方志选刊》,上海书店,36册,3-6页。
(3)今宿松有坝头,德安有横山坳,见《江西省地图册》,上海,中华地图学社,1990年。宿松有刘家牌,德安有杨梅王家、拖沟岭,见《江西省地图集》,1988年。青山桥、西洋桥,见《江西省地图集》,1963年。其他今地见上图者,不另出注。小池口、孔垅、陆家嘴、下雾岭,见《湖北省地图集》,1965年。界首铺,见《瑞昌县地名志》黄金图;肇陈口,今肇陈西八门,见同书163页,1986年。驿南,见《永修县地名志》江益图,1984年。流芳市附近有土目,见清嘉庆《湖口县志》图。(《稀见中国地方志彚刊》,中国书店,1992年,484页。)
(4)《星子县志》:以吴障岭为界,庐山以南立县,自宋至清,县界没有多变动。1956年,海会、高垄划归庐山管理局。(卷1第二章地理位置。江西南昌,江西人民出版社,1990年,36页。)
(5)《阳新县志·建置·历代疆域》:1949年11月上港南、西山、石里头、横山、高塘、庄岸、黄土岸、桥棚、南山下、金竹湾等划归瑞昌县。(新华出版社,1993年,52页。)《瑞昌县地名志》乐园乡,解放前庄岸、高塘、石磊头、南边、港南等地,属湖北省阳新县。(1986年,209页。)上引地名见地名志附图。", "source uri" : "" }