{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32600", "sys_id" : "hvd_32600", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "太原郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "太原郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Taiyuan Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "536", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "588", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "29.58500", "longitude" : "116.23219", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "江西湖口县东南江桥乡", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "536", "end year" : "588", "parent id" : "hvd_30127", "name" : "江州", "transcribed" : "Jiang Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "448", "end_year" : "535", "child id" : "hvd_95647", "name" : "中都县", "transcribed" : "Zhongdu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "536", "end_year" : "555", "child id" : "hvd_95647", "name" : "中都县", "transcribed" : "Zhongdu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "556", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_95648", "name" : "中都县", "transcribed" : "Zhongdu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "589", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_95648", "name" : "中都县", "transcribed" : "Zhongdu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "471", "end_year" : "535", "child id" : "hvd_45098", "name" : "卢县", "transcribed" : "Lu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "536", "end_year" : "555", "child id" : "hvd_45098", "name" : "卢县", "transcribed" : "Lu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "536", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_41238", "name" : "和城县", "transcribed" : "Hecheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "536", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_41239", "name" : "天水县", "transcribed" : "Tianshui Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "448", "end_year" : "535", "child id" : "hvd_95174", "name" : "平遥县", "transcribed" : "Pingyao Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "536", "end_year" : "577", "child id" : "hvd_95174", "name" : "平遥县", "transcribed" : "Pingyao Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "536", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_41154", "name" : "彭泽县", "transcribed" : "Pengze Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "536", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_41237", "name" : "晋阳县", "transcribed" : "Jinyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "500", "end_year" : "535", "child id" : "hvd_95650", "name" : "榆次县", "transcribed" : "Yuci Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "536", "end_year" : "555", "child id" : "hvd_95650", "name" : "榆次县", "transcribed" : "Yuci Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "448", "end_year" : "535", "child id" : "hvd_95369", "name" : "沾县", "transcribed" : "Zhan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "536", "end_year" : "555", "child id" : "hvd_95369", "name" : "沾县", "transcribed" : "Zhan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "493", "end_year" : "535", "child id" : "hvd_95586", "name" : "祁县", "transcribed" : "Qi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "536", "end_year" : "555", "child id" : "hvd_95586", "name" : "祁县", "transcribed" : "Qi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "467", "end_year" : "535", "child id" : "hvd_45083", "name" : "祝阿县", "transcribed" : "Zhu'a Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "536", "end_year" : "582", "child id" : "hvd_45352", "name" : "祝阿县", "transcribed" : "Zhu'a Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "536", "end_year" : "578", "child id" : "hvd_45083", "name" : "祝阿县", "transcribed" : "Zhu'a Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "495", "end_year" : "535", "child id" : "hvd_95146", "name" : "邬县", "transcribed" : "Wu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "536", "end_year" : "555", "child id" : "hvd_95146", "name" : "邬县", "transcribed" : "Wu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "500", "end_year" : "535", "child id" : "hvd_95601", "name" : "长安县", "transcribed" : "Changan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "536", "end_year" : "574", "child id" : "hvd_95601", "name" : "长安县", "transcribed" : "Changan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "501", "end_year" : "535", "child id" : "hvd_95592", "name" : "阳邑县", "transcribed" : "Yangyi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "536", "end_year" : "574", "child id" : "hvd_95592", "name" : "阳邑县", "transcribed" : "Yangyi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "575", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_95593", "name" : "阳邑县", "transcribed" : "Yangyi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "589", "end_year" : "597", "child id" : "hvd_95593", "name" : "阳邑县", "transcribed" : "Yangyi Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "太原郡(536-588年)治所和界线(赵永复编写)

约南朝梁大同二年(536年)置(1),治彭泽(今江西湖口县南偏东江桥乡柳德昭),领彭泽、晋阳(今安徽东至县北)、和城(今东至县东流镇)、天水(今彭泽东南)四县。隋开皇九年(589年)平陈,废彭泽、晋阳、和城、天水,置龙城县(今彭泽)并入江州(2)。
据明、清建制(3),东邻安徽池州府贵池(4)、饶州府鄱阳(今波阳),北邻长江,西滨鄱阳湖。南临鄱阳湖及接饶州府鄱阳、池州府建德(今安徽东至县南部)。
清同治七年《江西全省舆图》卷13九江府:北彭泽县过江刘家牌、横坝头接安徽宿松,南彭泽萧家岭接鄱阳、红旗界接鄱阳、建德。卷14南康府:都昌县,东章田渡、黄金山等接鄱阳县(5)。
据上,今安徽宿松南刘家牌、横坝一线以南属彭泽县(6)。当时彭泽县有五代南唐所置东流县,即今东至县北部(7)。

注:
(1)明嘉靖《池州府志》卷1《古迹》:南太原城,“梁大同间废。”(废,据《隋志》当为置之误。《天一阁藏明代方志选刊》,上海书店,24册,24页。)清乾隆四十三年《池州府志》卷1《沿革》:梁大同中侨太原郡。(《中国方志丛书》华中地方636号,成文出版社有限公司,1册,188页。)嘉庆二十三年《东流县志》卷3《沿革考》:《池州府志》云,梁大同二年侨立南太原郡,未知所本。(《中国方志丛书》华中地方643号,成文出版社有限公司,1册,110页。)按:史、志均未载太原郡具体设置年代,据上,姑作大同二年置。
(2)《隋书》卷31《地理志下》:九江郡,旧置江州。“湓城,旧曰柴桑,置寻阳郡。梁又立汝南县。平陈,郡废,又废汝南、柴桑二县,立寻阳县,十八年改曰彭蠡。大业初置郡,县改名焉。”“彭泽,梁置太原郡,领彭泽、晋阳、和城、天水。平陈,郡县并废,置龙城县。开皇十八年改名焉。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,894页。)按:隋平陈在开皇九年。
(3)隋开皇又改龙城为彭泽。唐武德五年(622年)分彭泽置都昌县,约五代南唐保大七年(949年)又分彭泽置湖口县。则当时九原郡境相当清九江府彭泽、湖口二县及南康府都昌县。
(4)(7)《太平寰宇记》卷105《江南西道三》池州东流县:本彭泽县之黄菊乡,唐会昌初建为东流场,“伪唐保大十一年升为东流县,至皇朝太平兴国三年割属池州。”(金陵书局,清光绪八年刊本。)嘉靖《池州府志》卷1《沿革》东流县:“南唐保大十三年析贵池晋阳乡附东流场置东流县。”(24册,4页。)1959年东流与至德二县合建为东至县,据嘉庆二十三年《东流县志》卷1晋阳乡图,(1册,72页。)参照《安徽省地图册》,(福建福州,福建省地图出版社,1984年。)晋阳乡相当今东至县张溪以东,金湖以南,黄湓河、后河以北地。《东至县志》说:晋阳,今张溪一带。(第一编第二章第一节境域变迁。安徽合肥,安徽人民出版社,1991年,40页)据上,南唐保大十一年(952)未置东流县以前,今东至县张溪以东原晋阳乡地在江州(浔阳郡)境外,保大十一年至太平兴国三年(978)间,在江州境内(属彭泽县)。又上引今县志,建县以来,仅北宋割池州晋阳益东流一次较大外,其他三次都在1949年以后,变动很小。但九原郡领有晋阳县,各志都说在晋阳乡地,则其地应在郡境之内,即包括原东流县全境。据上引今县志,东流县相当张溪、香隅、东流、胜利、大渡口五区,至德县相当尧渡、官港、昭潭、葛公四区。又《太平寰宇记》卷125《淮南道三》舒州怀宁县:大江水“至皖口,南对江州,半江中流,与彭泽县分界。”《清嘉庆一统志》卷109《安庆府二·关隘》:皖口镇,在怀宁县西,亦名山口镇。(商务印书馆,1934年,《四部丛刊续编》,36册,6页。)宋怀宁即今安徽潜山,清怀宁县为今安徽安庆市,今安徽怀宁县(1949年迁石牌镇)东有山口镇,南隔长江为今东至县(1959年东流、至德二县合置),与史载相合。《寰宇记》所载当为未设东流县以前情况,故隔江与彭泽县交界。
(5)《中国方志丛书》华中地方102号,成文出版社有限公司,3册,1121-1203、1227-30页。
(6)今宿松有坝头、刘家牌。(《江西省地图册》,上海,中华地图学社,1990年。)其他今地见上图及1988年《江西省地图集》、1963年《江西省地图集》者,不另出注。", "source uri" : "" }