{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32588", "sys_id" : "hvd_32588", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "洪州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "洪州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Hong Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "758", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1162", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "28.67490", "longitude" : "115.89772", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "江西南昌市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "760", "parent id" : "hvd_30128", "name" : "洪吉都防御团练观察处置", "transcribed" : "Hongji Dufangy" }, { "begin year" : "761", "end year" : "782", "parent id" : "hvd_30129", "name" : "江南西道都防御团练观察", "transcribed" : "Jiangnanxidao" }, { "begin year" : "783", "end year" : "784", "parent id" : "hvd_30130", "name" : "江南西道节度使", "transcribed" : "Jiangnanxidao" }, { "begin year" : "785", "end year" : "864", "parent id" : "hvd_30131", "name" : "江南西道都团练观察使", "transcribed" : "Jiangnanxidao" }, { "begin year" : "865", "end year" : "873", "parent id" : "hvd_30132", "name" : "镇南军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhennanjun Jie" }, { "begin year" : "874", "end year" : "888", "parent id" : "hvd_30133", "name" : "江南西道团练观察使", "transcribed" : "Jiangnanxidao" }, { "begin year" : "889", "end year" : "958", "parent id" : "hvd_30134", "name" : "镇南军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhennanjun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "959", "end year" : "971", "parent id" : "hvd_30135", "name" : "南都南昌府留守", "transcribed" : "Nandunanchangfu Liushou" }, { "begin year" : "972", "end year" : "974", "parent id" : "hvd_30136", "name" : "镇南军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhennanjun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "975", "end year" : "975", "parent id" : "hvd_30327", "name" : "江南路", "transcribed" : "Jiangnan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "976", "end year" : "996", "parent id" : "hvd_30137", "name" : "江南西路", "transcribed" : "Jiangnanxi Lu" }, { "begin year" : "997", "end year" : "1019", "parent id" : "hvd_30042", "name" : "江南路", "transcribed" : "Jiangnan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1020", "end year" : "1129", "parent id" : "hvd_30138", "name" : "江南西路", "transcribed" : "Jiangnanxi Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1130", "end year" : "1130", "parent id" : "hvd_30044", "name" : "江南路", "transcribed" : "Jiangnan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1131", "end year" : "1162", "parent id" : "hvd_30139", "name" : "江南西路", "transcribed" : "Jiangnanxi Lu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "905", "child id" : "hvd_41102", "name" : "丰城县", "transcribed" : "Fengcheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "937", "end_year" : "1162", "child id" : "hvd_41104", "name" : "丰城县", "transcribed" : "Fengcheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "800", "end_year" : "1162", "child id" : "hvd_41123", "name" : "分宁县", "transcribed" : "Fenning Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "763", "end_year" : "1162", "child id" : "hvd_41095", "name" : "南昌县", "transcribed" : "Nanchang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "906", "end_year" : "936", "child id" : "hvd_41103", "name" : "吴皋县", "transcribed" : "Wugao Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "937", "end_year" : "1162", "child id" : "hvd_41115", "name" : "奉新县", "transcribed" : "Fengxin Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "981", "child id" : "hvd_41137", "name" : "建昌县", "transcribed" : "Jianchang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "936", "child id" : "hvd_41114", "name" : "新吴县", "transcribed" : "Xinwu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "979", "end_year" : "1162", "child id" : "hvd_41096", "name" : "新建县", "transcribed" : "Xinjian Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "762", "end_year" : "799", "child id" : "hvd_41121", "name" : "武宁县", "transcribed" : "Wuning Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "800", "end_year" : "1162", "child id" : "hvd_41122", "name" : "武宁县", "transcribed" : "Wuning Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "938", "end_year" : "951", "child id" : "hvd_40941", "name" : "清江县", "transcribed" : "Qingjiang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "761", "child id" : "hvd_41120", "name" : "豫宁县", "transcribed" : "Yuning Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "761", "child id" : "hvd_41093", "name" : "豫章县", "transcribed" : "Yuzhang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1103", "end_year" : "1162", "child id" : "hvd_41110", "name" : "进贤县", "transcribed" : "Jinxian Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "762", "end_year" : "762", "child id" : "hvd_41094", "name" : "钟陵县", "transcribed" : "Zhongling Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "937", "end_year" : "1162", "child id" : "hvd_41116", "name" : "靖安县", "transcribed" : "Jingan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "951", "child id" : "hvd_41219", "name" : "高安县", "transcribed" : "Gao'an Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32587", "name" : "豫章郡", "transcribed" : "Yuzhang Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "洪州(758-1162年)治所(赵永复编写)

唐乾元元年(758年)改豫章郡为洪州,治豫章(今南昌市),辖豫章、丰城、高安、建昌(今永修西北艾城)、新吴、豫宁六县。宝应元年(762年)改豫章为钟陵、豫宁为武宁,同年十二月(763年)又改钟陵为南昌;贞元十六年(800年)分武宁置分宁(今修水);天祐二年十二月(906年)改丰城为吴皋,南唐升元元年(937年)复名丰城;同年改新吴为奉新,析建昌、奉新、武宁置靖安(1)。二年(938年)析高安及袁州新喻(今新余)、吉州新淦(今新干)各一乡置清江县属洪州后,辖境稍有扩大。其后辖境屡有变化,南宋隆兴元年(1163年)升为隆兴府(2)。

(1)《旧唐书》卷40《地理志三》。北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1604-6页。《新唐书》卷41《地理志五》。北京,中华书局,1975年,4册,10678页。
(2)??", "source uri" : "" }